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MCAIM Colloquium: Modeling and Analyzing Temporal Networks and Dynamics on Them

Naoki Masuda, University at Buffalo
Wednesday, February 8, 2023
4:00-5:00 PM
4448 EH East Hall Map
Abstract: Two salient features of empirical temporal (i.e., time-varying) network data are the time-varying nature of network structure itself and heavy-tailed distributions of inter-contact times. Both of them can strongly impact dynamical processes occurring on networks, such as contagion processes, synchronization dynamics, and random walks. In the first part of the talk, I introduce theoretical explanation of heavy-tailed distributions of inter-contact times by state-dynamics modeling approaches in which each node is assumed to switch among a small number of discrete states in a Markovian manner and the nodes' states determine time-dependent edges. This approach is interpretable, facilitates mathematical analyses, and seeds various related mathematical modeling, algorithms, and data analysis (e.g., theorizing on epidemic thresholds, random walks on metapopulation models, inference of mixtures of exponential distributions, new Gillespie algorithms, embedding of temporal network data), some of which we will also discuss. The second part of the talk is on modeling of temporal networks by static networks that switch from one to another at regular time intervals. This approach facilitates analytical understanding of diffusive and epidemic dynamics on temporal networks as well as an efficient algorithm for containing epidemic spreading as convex optimization. Finally, I will touch upon some of my interdisciplinary collaborations including those on static networks.

Event will take place in-person in 4448 East Hall and online via Zoom.

Zoom Webinar Link:
Building: East Hall
Event Type: Workshop / Seminar
Tags: Mathematics
Source: Happening @ Michigan from MCAIM Colloquium - Department of Mathematics, Department of Physics, Department of Mathematics, Michigan Center for Applied and Interdisciplinary Mathematics