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OS Program and Requirements

Before joining the OS Program, students must complete prerequisites that prepare them for the program in several vital disciplines. Following the prerequisites, the OS major requires a minimum of 34 credits distributed across several broad areas:

  • Core Requirements provide the foundational knowledge for the major.  Both core courses, OS 305 Inside Organizations and OS 310 Formal Organizations and Environments, must be taken in the student's first Fall term in the program.

  • Cluster Requirements (A, B, and C) are designed to provide disciplinary variety in the study of organizations, drawing on courses in a number of fields, and ranging across multiple levels of organizational analysis.

  • Quantitative Skills and Senior Research Capstone requirements give students the tools necessary to engage in various types of research in organizations, and provide the opportunity for real-world experience in organizational research.  The Senior Research Capstone requirement (OS 410) must be taken in the student's second Fall semester in the program.

Details and course lists for each requirement area are below, and an OS Curriculum Worksheet is also available for your reference.

Prerequisities to the major

Prerequisites to the major:  Students must complete an introductory course in microeconomics, psychology, and sociology. Courses required as prerequisites are:

  • Economics 101
  • Psychology 111, 112, 114 ,or 115
  • Sociology 100, 102, 195, or 300 

Prerequisites may be taken on a P/F basis, but the actual grade received will be retrieved from UM records and considered in the OS admissions process (but your cumulative gpa will not be affected).

AP/IB credit is acceptable to fulfill the Psychology and/or the Economics prerequisites. Transfer credit may also be used to fulfill prerequisites.  For students taking prereq courses at other institutions, if you wish to elect the course P/F, we request that you verify with the host institution that you will receive an actual letter grade for the course, and that an official document showing that letter grade will be available from that institution to send to UM.  If the host institution does not assign letter grades for P/F courses, and/or cannot produce a document showing a letter grade received, it is preferred that you elect the course on a graded basis (not P/F).  Please contact the OS office with any questions or extenuating circumstances (

Students should be aware that additional prerequisites are required for many of the upper-level courses in the OS curriculum. Depending on their particular area of interest, students may wish to complete Econ 102 and/or entry level courses in Political Science, Communication Studies, or other areas of interest as they prepare to apply to the OS program.

Core Requirements

Core requirements:  Two courses are required, and both must be taken in the first fall term after joining the program: 

  • ORGSTUDY 305 Inside Organizations
  • ORGSTUDY 310 Formal Organizations and Environments (fulfills ULWR)

See the Organizational Studies Courses for OS Majors for course descriptions of ORGSTUDY 305 and ORGSTUDY 310.

Quantitative Skills Requirements

Quantitative Skills (choose one): 

  • Soc 210 Elementary Statistics
  • Stats 250 Intro to Stats and Data Analysis
  • Stats 280 Honors Intro Stats

All courses listed above also fulfill the LSA Quantitative Reasoning requirement.

Please note: If you received credit for AP Stats (listed as Stats 180 on your transcript), you will lose that credit when you take Soc 210 or Stats 250 (can't have credit for both).  If you take Stats 280 Honors Intro Stats, you may keep your AP credit.  

Senior Research Capstone Requirement

Senior Research Capstone (choose one option):

  • Orgstudy 410 Advanced Research Methods in Organizational Studies (OS senior cohort only) OR
  • Orgstudy 497 & 498 OS Honors Research I & II (OS Honors students only)

OS 410 is offered in the Fall term only.  For honors students, please note that two research courses are required (typically OS 497 in fall and OS 498 in winter).

Cluster Requirement

Cluster courses must be chosen according to the following guidelines:

  • 2 courses in Cluster A (Orgs and Individuals)
  • 2 courses in Cluster B (Orgs and Society)
  • 3 courses in any Cluster (A, B or C - Interest Cluster)


  • 2 of the 7 cluster courses must be ORGSTUDY 300/400-level courses
  • Limit of 2 200-level courses in the Clusters
  • Limit of 2 cluster courses taken off the AA campus

Definitions of each cluster are available here, and cluster course lists are available in the drop-down menus below.

TWO CLUSTER A COURSES - Orgs and Individuals (6 Credits min)

Cluster A (micro) courses are those that focus mainly on questions and topics concerning the organized behavior of individuals or the behavior of individuals in organizations. Cluster A classes are broader in scope than Cluster C courses below, and are typically upper level offerings in the LSA curriculum. These courses may address the relations of individuals to larger social structures such as the family or formal organizations, but their concern with these larger structures will typically remain the impact thereof on individual psychology or individual behavior. Most psychology courses concerned with organizations and organized behavior will fall in this cluster, as will some courses in political science, anthropology, communications, and economics. Sociology courses rarely fall in this cluster.

Cross-listed courses are listed only once, under the first department alphabetically.

ALA 220/Psy 213/Soc 218 Foundations of Intergroup Relations
ALA 228/Psy 312/Soc 375 Intrgrp Conflict & Coexistence 
ALA 321/Psy 311/Soc 321 Practicum in Facil IGR
ALA 324 Facilitation for Effective Leadership
Anthrcul 330 Culture, Thought, and Meaning
Anthrcul/Ling 370 Lang & Discr: Lang as Soc Stmnt
Anthrcul/Ling 374 Language and Culture
BE/TO 435 Behvrl Econ and Behvrl Operations
Cmplxsys 270 Agent-Based Modeling
Comm 281 Media Psychology
Econ 401 Intermediate Microeconomic Theory
Environ/Psych 360 Behavior and Environment
Environ/Orgstudy/RCIDIV 391 Sustainability and the Campus (A or B, stdt choice)
Environ/Orgstudy 418 Ldrshp & Env Stwrdshp Orgs (A or B, stdt choice)
Environ/Orgstudy 419 Business, Sustainability, DEI (A or B, stdt choice)
Mkt 313 Consumer Behavior
Orgstudy 201 Leadership and Collaboration
Orgstudy 205 Psych of Inequality (no crdt for OS 495 same topic or OS 425)
Orgstudy 295 Soc Sci Topics OS (will be designated A or B based on topic)
Orgstudy 405 Negotiations
Orgstudy 425 Psych of Inequality
Orgstudy 435 Mng People & Strat Chng in Orgs (A or B, stdt choice)
Orgstudy 445 Organizational Culture (A or B, stdt choice)
Orgstudy 455 Organizational Wrongdoing (A or B, stdt choice)
Orgstudy 490 Adv Resrch Tm (will be designated A or B based on topic)
Orgstudy 495 Spec Tpcs OS (will be designated A or B based on topic)
Polsci 490 Game Theory and Formal Models
Psych 280 Social Psychology
Psych 297/WGS 297 Promoting Equity&Incl Univ & Wrkpl
Psych 353 Social Development
Psych 389 Psychology and Law
Psych 393 Political Psychology
Psych 449 DecisionProcesses
Psych 467 Current Topics in Organizational Psych (all topics)
SI 301 Models of Soc Info Processing
SI 310 Information Environments and Work
SI 315 Interpers & Psych Implications of Social Media

   *Special topics course, only topic listed is approved to count for OS

TWO CLUSTER B COURSES - Orgs and Society (6 Credits min)

Cluster B (macro) courses are those that focus mainly on questions and topics concerning the organization of social groups (e.g., ethnic groups), historical processes (e.g., the rise of capitalism), and/or medium to large social structures (e.g., corporations, national governments, or global governing bodies). They are broader in scope than Cluster C courses below, and are typically upper level offerings in the LSA curriculum. Although Cluster B courses may at times address the impact of such larger structures and processes on individual behavior or may include attention to particular individuals from U.S. or world history, the primary concern of Cluster B courses is with questions about how social groups, historical processes, and social structures emerge, remain stable, and/or change. Most sociology, political science, and history courses will fall in this cluster, as will some economics and anthropology courses.

Crosslisted courses are listed only once, under the first department alphabetically.

AAS 248 Crime, Race, and Law
AAS 262/History 272 20th Cent African-American Social Movements
AAS/Soc 303 Race and Ethnic Relations
AAS/RCSSCI 330 Urban and Community Studies
Amcult/Soc 221 Social Inequality
Amcult 281/History 281 How to Become Billionaire: Bus Tycns & Dev Wstrn Cptlsm
Amcult 314/ASIANPAM 314/History 378 History of Asian Americans in US
Amcult 399 Race, Racism and Ethnicity
Anthrcul/Ling 272 Language in Society
Anthrcul 331 Kinship, Soc Org, and Society
Cmplxsys/Environ/PubPol 250 Energy and Climate Change: Tech, Mkts, Policy
Cmplxsys/Soc 260 Social Dynamics
Cmplxsys/Polsci 391 Modeling Pol Processes
Comm 251/FTVM 324 Media Industries
Comm 370 Social Networks
Comm 421 Media Law and Policy
Comm 425 Internet, Society, and the Law
Econ 320 Survey of Labor Econ
Econ 330 American Industries
Econ 398 Strategy
Econ 402 Macroeconomics
Econ 414 Growth Theory
Econ 431 Industrial Org and Performance
Econ 444 European Economy
Environ/Orgstudy 208 Business and the Natural Environment
Environ/Orgstudy/RCIDIV 391 Sustainability and the Campus (A or B, stdt choice)
Environ/Orgstudy 418 Ldrshp & Env Stwrdshp Orgs (A or B, stdt choice)
Environ/Orgstudy 419 Business, Sustainability, DEI (A or B, stdt choice)
Orgstudy 204 Nonprofits (no credit for OS 420 Non-profit Orgs)
Orgstudy 206 Technological Innovation
Orgstudy 295 Soc Sci Tpcs OS (will be designated A or B based on topic)
Orgstudy 420 Non-profit Organizations (No credit for OS 204)
Orgstudy 435 Mng People & Strat Chng in Orgs (A or B, stdt choice)
Orgstudy 440 Organizations in the Developing World
Orgstudy 445 Organizational Culture (A or B, stdt choice)
Orgstudy 450 Technological Innovation
Orgstudy 455 Organizational Wrongdoing (A or B, stdt choice)
Orgstudy 490 Adv Resrch Tm (will be designated A or B based on topic)
Orgstudy 495 Spec Tpcs OS (will be designated A or B based on topic)
Polsci 311 American Political Process
PPE 300 Intro to Political Economy
PubPol 320 Politics, Pol Instit and Pub Polciy
PubPol 422 Congress and State Legislatures
RCSSCI 301/Soc 313 Social Science Theory I
Religion/Soc 455 Religion and Society
Soc 305 Intro to Sociological Theory
Soc 315 Economic Sociology
Soc 440 Sociology of Work
Soc/WGS 451 Women and Work
Soc 460 Social Change
Soc 461 Social Movements

   *Special topics course: only topic listed is approved for OS credit

CLUSTER C – Interest Cluster (up to 3 courses (9 cr) may count for major)

Cluster C (interest) courses in the Organizational Studies curriculum are intended to allow majors to pursue their curriculum pathway interests in a more specialized way. Cluster C courses should have an organizational theme and can be of either the macro or micro variety, but are almost always more narrow and focused in their content. Cluster C courses can and do often come from a variety of departments both in LSA and in various University of Michigan schools and colleges.

Crosslisted courses are listed only once, under the first department alphabetically.

AAS 250 Law, Race, and Hist Process I
AAS 347/RCSSCI 343/Soc 335 Urban Inequality in America
AAS 356/Polsci 355 Democracy and Development in Africa
AAS 418/Polsci 324 Black Americans & Pol System
ACC 471 Accounting Principles
AMAS 330/AMCULT 330 Arab American Cultural Studies
Amcult 341/History 343 Rise of the Corporation
Amcult 438/History 444/Judaic 440 History of Jews & Soc Just in US
BA 445/Strategy 445 Base of the Pyramid: Bus Innov & Soc Impact
BA 453 Capstone Multidisc Action Projects
BA/History 476 American Business History
BL 306 Legal Aspects of Management and Finance
Busabrd 320 Global Immersion Study Abroad
Comm/Polsci 329 Media and Political Behvr
Comm 380 Persuasion, Commun, and Campaigns
Econ 310 Money and Banking
Econ 323 Econ and Gender
Econ 340 International Economics
Econ 370/Environ 375 Envir & Resource Economics
Educ 471 Dev and Advancement in Higher Educ
English 319 Literature and Social Change
Environ 361/Psych 362 Psych of Env Stewardship
Environ 370/URP 423 Intro to Urban & Environ Planning
ES 395 Entrepreneurial Management
ES 444 Finance for Societal Good
Fin 302 Making Financial Decisions
History 343/Amcult 341 Rise of the Corporation
History 349/LACS 349Revolutionary Mvmts in Mod Latin Amer
History 411/Polsci 319 Politics of Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Mkt 302 Marketing Management
MO 302 Leading People & Organizations
MO 321 Leadership in Organizations
MO 414 Managing Change
MO 415 Intro to Managing Human Capital
MO 455 Foundations in Positive Org Scholarship
Orgstudy 395 Current Issues in Org Studies (cluster may vary)
Polsci 369 Politics of Internatl Econ Relations
Psych 314 Positive Psychology
Psych 356 Educational Psychology
Psych 488/Soc/WGS 465 Soc Analysis of Deviant Behavior
PubHlth 200 Health & Society – Intro Pub Health
PubHlth 300 Behvrl & Soc Sci Foundtn for Hlth Professions
PubHlth 381 Pub Hlth Systems; Achvmnts & Challenges
PubPol 201 Systematic Thinking
PubPol 423 Political Campaign Strategy
RCSSCI 312/SW 312 Env Justice, Comm Org Detroit
RCSSCI 365 Excellence, Equity, and Politics of Educ
SI 334 Persuasion and Social Influence
SI 460 Modeling Success: Sci of Entrep in Info Age
SM 332 Organizational Behavior in Sports Orgs
Soc 270/WGS 270 Gender and the Law
Soc 331 Politics of Data
Soc 354 Law and Society
Soc/WGS 447 Sociology of Gender
Soc 458 Sociology of Education
Soc 475 Health, Medicine and Society
Soc 489/RCSSCI 461 Organizing: People, Power & Change
Strategy 302 Business Strategy
Strategy 400 Strategies for Sustainable Development
SW 305 Theories and Practices for Comm Actn & Soc Chng
Thtremus 385 Perform Arts Mgmt
TO 302 Managing Business Operations
WGS 350 Non-Profit Mgmt, Comm Engmnt, Feminist Prac

   *Special topics course, only topic listed is approved for OS credit

Organizational Studies (ORGSTUDY) Courses for OS Majors

ORGSTUDY 299 Undergraduate Internship
(1 credit; Credit/No Credit)
Does NOT count as credit toward OS Major Requirements.  ALA 225 can also be used by OS students to receive internship credit, and has a lower number of required hours (visit the Opportunity Hub website for ALA 225 information).

Students who are required or wish to receive credit for an internship experience, can register for this course. Students must complete at least 320 hours during the course of the internship. Upon completion of the internship, the internship supervisor must send an official email to the major advisor. Students typically register for the ORGSTUDY 299 during the fall term after their summer internship. OS students interested in registering for this course should email the OS Advisor prior to the summer internship.

ORGSTUDY 305 Inside Organizations
(3 credits; Fall term only)
Required Core course
for all OS juniors in fall term

This course offers an overview of the psychology of people in organizations, broadly defined. Topics will focus on social dynamics in organizations, including employee motivation, influencing others, decision-making, cooperation, culture, leadership, and teams, to name a few. The format of the course will comprise lectures, general discussions, and smaller seminar discussions. To complement the standard reading material, case studies will also be read as a common touchstone for analyzing and discussing psychological phenomena in a real world organizational context.

ORGSTUDY 310 Formal Organizations and Environments
(3 credits; Fall term only)
Required Core course
for all OS juniors in fall term

This course provides OS students with a survey of theory and research on formal organizations from sociological and economic perspectives. The course emphasizes multiple levels of analysis in organizational theory from internal structure and practice to organization-environment relationships. Students apply theories to existing case studies and develop original case research over the course of the term.

ORGSTUDY 405 Negotiation and Dispute Resolution
(3 credits; offering terms vary)
Fulfill Cluster A requirement

Based on psychological research on negotiation, conflict resolution, and social influence, this course aims to provide students with the theory-driven skills they need to become effective negotiators. Students will participate in in-class negotiation exercises, mini-lectures, and discussions on a weekly basis.  By the end of the term, students will have learned the fundamentals of distributive and integrative bargaining as well as an array of social influence strategies – all through the lens of theory – in order to succeed as a negotiator.  They will also become adept at analyzing every negotiation experience from the perspective of various psychological concepts and theories.

ORGSTUDY 410 Advanced Research Methods in Organizational Studies
(4 credits; typically offered in the fall term only)
OS Seniors only - Senior Research Capstone Credit

This course is an advanced exploration of the methods used in conducting organizational studies research. Students expand their abilities to conceptualize, design, implement, report, present, and critique research. Students learn through review and discussion of research methods, as well as their direct application in short assignments and a semester-long, team-based research project. Methods examined in the course include, but are not limited to, surveys, interviews, participant observation/ethnography, archival research, social network analysis, and experiments. Students build skills in presenting research and discuss research ethics.

ORGSTUDY 415 Networking
(3 credits; offering terms vary)
Fulfills Cluster B requirement

This course explores the relationship between formal and informal social networks and the dynamics of organizational processes. Networks may be based on friendship, technical expertise, family, authority, sexual relations, common interest, political alliances, electronic communication, or many other factors. We consider a variety of theories of networks (e.g., small worlds, the strength of weak ties, structural holes) and apply them to topics such as Facebook friendships, social movement activism, the choice of sexual partners, and advancement within a corporation. We will give special attention to the question of how to "use" networks to attain organizational objectives. Computer applications will be emphasized, though no specialized computing knowledge is prerequisite.

ORGSTUDY/ENVIRON 418 Leadership and Environmental Stewardship
(3 credits; offering terms vary)
Fulfills either Cluster A or B requirement (student choice).

This course focuses on the skills and strategies that can help you become a more effective leader for the environment. Students will learn about the importance of decision-making, influence, and teamwork for implementing organization change and innovation towards greater environmental stewardship. We will focus on the different roles that leaders take in addressing environmental strategies within and across for-profit, not-for-profit, and governmental organizations. Students will also analyze and reflect upon their own personal goals and challenges as environmental leaders.

ORGSTUDY 420 Nonprofit Organizations
(3 credits; offering terms vary)
Fulfills Cluster B requirement.  Students cannot receive credit for both OS 204 and OS 420.

In the first half of the course, we will pose and answer questions about the nonprofit sector’s emergence in the United States; its changing relations with government and with the for-profit sector; the current state of the nonprofit sector; and its likely future. Attention to the nature of civil society abroad will shed light on the unique role of nonprofits in the U.S., while comparative analyses of different domains of U.S. nonprofit activity (the arts, education, healthcare, etc.) will provide an in-depth understanding of the processes and issues that divide and structure the nonprofit sector internally. In the second half of the course, drawing on readings in law, public policy, and business, we will develop practical knowledge of the special challenges that come with managing and working for a nonprofit organization. Among the topics we will take up in this half of the class is the formulation of nonprofit mission and strategy; the management of relations with boards, committees, volunteers, and employees; and marketing and fundraising for nonprofits.

ORGSTUDY 425 Psychology of Inequality
(3 credits, term varies)
This course can be used to fulfill Cluster A

This course provides a survey of the psychology of prejudice and inequality, the scientific study of human feeling, thinking, and behavior in situations involving conflict between groups. That is, the course examines the psychological factors that contribute to the perpetuation of inequality and discrimination. The course considers both proximate (immediate) influences on behavior, such as the current social context, as well as distal (more remote) influences on behavior, such as human
evolution. Both motivational approaches to understanding prejudice (e.g., explaining prejudice as a consequence of the desire for social dominance) as well as cognitive approaches (e.g., explaining prejudice as a byproduct of automatic associations people learn) are examined. Implications for societal organization and institutional discrimination will be explored.

ORGSTUDY 435 Managing People and Strategic Change in Organizations
(3 credits, term varies)
This course may be counted for Cluster A or B, student choice

One of the most critical success factors for organizational leaders is the ability to implement strategically important change. Change of any magnitude is an inherently social process in organizations. Grounded in organizationalbehavior research and theory, this course provides practical understanding and skills to manage human resources in the context of strategic change. Topics include (but are not limited to): thinking strategically, culture, job analysis and design, recruitment and selection, training and development, performance management, and incremental and transformational approaches to change.  The term “organization” is used broadly to refer not only to large for-profit corporations, but also other organizations such as non-profits, government entities, small businesses or other forms of organization

ORGSTUDY 440 Organizations in the Developing World
(3 credits; offering terms vary)
Fulfills Cluster B requirement

Have you ever wondered the extent to which a company or organization can shape the growth of a country? Or how it could redistribute wealth in a region? This course focuses on the relationship between developing countries and the organizations within them. Poverty and poor living standards in the developing world are frequently traced back to alleged pathologies in countries’ institutions, structural conditions, or levels of social capital. Some kinds of organizations help reduce or overcome these pathologies and allow their countries or regions to grow economically and raise economic well-being. For example, an effective planning agency in Korea promoted rapid (if unequal) technological and economic growth in South Korean businesses. But other forms of organizations, such as large business conglomerates in Latin America, may behave in ways that perpetuate those problems and prolong slow growth. This course explores this relationship between developmental outcomes and organizations in the developing world. It draws out lessons from both public sector organizations (bureaucracies) and business organizations, as well as from the manners in which they interact with one another.

ORGSTUDY 445 Org Culture
(3 credits, offering term varies)
Fulfills Cluster A or B requirement, student choice)

What makes Zingerman’s a great place to work (aside from the food)? Why does Zappos
encourage employees to decorate their cubicles and take naps during the
day?  The answers lie in the organizations’ cultures. This course adopts a multi-disciplinary approach to explore various aspects of organizational culture, including how it impacts
behavior in a variety of organizational settings. During the semester, we will examine how organizational culture can affect social interactions, facilitate wrongdoing, and reflect the broader national cultures in which they are embedded. In order to gain first-hand experience in how to diagnose and potentially transform an organization’s culture, you will analyze the culture of a large organization of your choice.

ORGSTUDY 450 Technological Innovation
(3 credits, offering term varies)
Fulfills Cluster B requirement

We are thought by some to be living in a golden age of innovation, with technological changes occurring at an increasing rate, but many enterprises and regions lag behind. Technological innovation is a primary goal of many business decisions and public policies alike. But what conditions actually engender or inhibit innovation? Focusing on innovation in the business world, this course examines

  1. what business-level characteristics make some better able to develop technologies than others, and
  2. what social, political, bureaucratic characteristics help make some regions more innovative than others.

The course will include theories of innovation and the analysis of historical and contemporary examples. Additionally, we will hear from guest speakers whose jobs involve technological innovation. Combining academic studies and real-world examples of technological innovation will present a holistic view on technology’s place in our rapidly changing world.

ORGSTUDY 455 Organizational Wrongdoing
3 credits, offering terms vary)
Fulfills Cluster A or B, student choice

Hardly a day goes by when organizational wrongdoing is not among the headlines - from the misuse of data and sports scandals to interpersonal behaviors such as cheating and sexual misconduct.  In this course, we will address these issues, among others, as we examine wrongdoing in and by organizations.  We will explore the structural and cultural conditions that increase the likelihood of misconduct, as well as the steps that organizations can take to prevent such behavior.  While some misconduct discussed in this course is the result of greed or the desire to do harm, we will also consider how wrongdoing can be unintentional or a product of benign organizational practices that can be avoided.  To this end, we will ask why ethical people sometimes engage in unethical behavior.


ORGSTUDY 490 Advanced Research Team
(3-4 credits; offering terms vary)
This course may vary clusters by term and section, depending on the topic offered.

Students participate in small research teams with OS faculty on their current research. Students in the research teams will conduct experiments and surveys, analyze data, and discuss findings with OS faculty. Research areas have included Psychology of Competitive Advantage, Social Movements and Political Parties, US Knowledge Economy, Leadership and Organizational Identity, and various other areas.

ORGSTUDY 495 Special Topics in Organizational Studies
(3-4 credits; offering terms vary)
This course may vary clusters by term and section, depending on the topic offered. 

This course investigates topics relating to structure and function of organizations. Topics vary by section and term.

ORGSTUDY 497 OS Honors Research I 
(3-4 credits; typically offered in the fall term, but can vary based on individual student circumstances) 

This class, in combination with OS 498, fulfills the Senior Research Capstone Experience. Students admitted to the OS Honors option will enroll in the OS Honors Research sequence in the senior year (OS 497+OS 498). These are independent study courses in which the student will work on research and thesis with a faculty mentor. Students will also meet twice per term with the OS Honors Coordinator for ongoing assistance and support throughout the project. Students typically enroll in OS 497 during the fall term of the senior year, during which the student will conduct research. The student will be graded by their faculty mentor on data analysis and an outline of the thesis (full paper to be completed the following term in OS 498). 

ORGSTUDY 498 OS Honors Research II
(3-4 credits; typically offered in the winter term, but can vary based on individual student circumstances)

This class, in combination with OS 497, fulfills the Senior Research Capstone Experience OS 498 is typically taken during the winter term of the senior year, during which the honors student will complete the research and thesis begun in OS 497. The thesis will be evaluated by a panel of 3 readers, who will indicate the Honors designation to appear on the student’s transcript and diploma. The student will also present their work at the OS Honors Symposium. OS 498 will be graded by the faculty mentor.

ORGSTUDY 499 Independent Study 
(1-4 credits)
Does NOT count as credit toward OS Major Requirements unless approved by individual petition

The course used for individual independent study projects with a faculty supervisor. Due to credit variations, it does not count toward OS major requirements unless approved by individual petition.

Please refer to OS Waitlist Policy regarding overrides to any of these courses.

Organizational Studies (ORGSTUDY) Courses for ALL Students

Please note: These 200-level ORGSTUDY courses are not prerequisites for the OS major. They are intended to give first-year and sophomore students an introduction to the field of organizational studies from various disciplinary perspectives, but can also be counted toward OS major requirements.

Org Studies majors may take these courses, but there is a limit of two 200-level courses that may count in the Cluster requirements, and these courses do not fulfill the two required 300/400 level ORGSTUDY department courses in the Clusters.

ORGSTUDY 201 Leadership and Collaboration
(3 credits; Fall term).  Fulfills Cluster A requirement.

This is a project-based class that uses organizational sociology, psychology, economics, and political science to ask what good leadership is and how people can be effective leaders when they lack formal authority. 
This course satisfies the LSA Social Science Distribution requirement.

ORGSTUDY 204 Nonprofits
(3 credits; offering terms vary). Fulfills Cluster B requirement.  Students cannot receive credit for both OS 204 and OS 420.

This course is an introduction to the nonprofit sector. It focuses primarily on the history and structure of the nonprofit sector in the United States; contemporary debates concerning the function and impact of the nonprofit sector; and key differences between the U.S. nonprofit sector and those in other countries.

ORGSTUDY 205 Psychology of Inequality
(3 credits; offering term varies). Fulfills Cluster A requirement.
Students cannot receive credit for both OS 205 and the OS 495 offering of the same topic.

This course examines psychological theories about why intergroup prejudice, discrimination, and inequality are so ubiquitous, both in organizations and beyond. We consider the possibility that human evolution predisposes us to be biased in favor of the groups we belong to over other groups, and explore how human motivation and social context work in conjunction to produce behavior that either increases or decreases social inequality.  

ORGSTUDY 206 Technological Innovation
(3 credits; offering terms vary). Fulfills Cluster B requirement.

This course will be roughly organized into three different sections. As a starting place, (i) we will discuss some of the general characteristics of technological innovation as a social process; from there, (ii) we will examine some of the major characteristics offirms (and other organizations) that encourage or inhibit technological innovation or behaviors that are associated with innovative behavior; and, finally, (iii) we will make a brief study of the kinds of broader social, political, and economic conditions that are likely to facilitate technological innovation among local firms.
The intention of the course is to provide theoretical basis for understanding innovation, anchored by both historical and current empirical examples, applied case studies that require the application of existing theory, and guest speakers whose jobs involve technological innovation. There are, in fact, a number ofuncertainties and ongoing debates regarding both how to structure firms for innovation and what can be done to promote the environmental conditions the favor firms. That is to say, while you will draw applicable lessons from the course, it is intended to provide you a broad understanding of issues related to innovation rather than to more narrowly train you how to “do” innovation.

ORGSTUDY 208 Business and the Natural Environment 
(3 credits; offering terms vary). Fulfills Cluster B requirement.

This course offers a broad introduction to the study of business and the natural environment, integrating insights from sociology, psychology, and economics. It begins with an overview of the triple bottom line framework, in which corporations take into account social and environmental performance in addition to financial performance. Then it focuses on contemporary business activities that address the natural environment.

ORGSTUDY 295 Special Topics
3-4 credits, offering term varies.
Can fulfill varying clusters depending on topic offered.

Courses under this special topics description are meant to engage freshmen and sophomores with interests in Organizational Theory and its application to a wide variety of disciplines, including but not limited to sociology,psychology, and economics. While topics will vary, the courses will be taught by Organizational Studies or affiliated faculty, and will be thematic in nature, focusing on an interdisciplinary approach to studyingorganizations.

Please refer to OS Waitlist Policy regarding overrides to any of these courses.