UM Graduate Student Geoffrey Wodtke has a paper published in the March 2012 edition of  Social Psychology Quarterly finding that higher attainment of education had no bearing on attitudes about workplace affirmative action.  While he found that being better educated did not increase the likelihood that whites and minorities approved of affirmative action in the workplace, it did increase the probability that they supported race-targeted job training. “The distinction between those two policies is that one is opportunity enhancing and the other is outcome equalizing,” Wodtke said.