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Microbial resistance to toxic fluoride: structural and functional features of fluoride channels and transporters

Monday, January 26, 2015
12:00 AM
1300 Chemistry

Joint seminar with Biophysics, Faculty Candidate

Bacteria, archaca, unicellular eukaryotes, and plants have confronted fluoride ion in their environment over evolutionary time, and possess multiple lines of defense against this toxin that inhibits glycolytic enolase, pyrophosphatase, and other phosphoryl transfer enzymes. One such defense mechanism is the presence of  membrane transport proteins to rid the cytoplasm of fluoride ions. Widespread microorganisms possess either of two classes of transporters from unrelated protein families: Fluc family of fluride channels or the CLCF-type F-/H+ transporters. This talk will address the highly unusual structural and functions features of membrane transport proteins, using membrane protein biochemistry, electrophysiology and x-ray crystallography.

Speaker:
Randy Stockbridge, Dept. of Biochemistry, Brandeis University