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Selected Bibliography


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Abel, A.H. 1919-1925. Slaveholding Indians, 3 vols.

Affleck, T. 1847. Cotton Plantation Record and Account Book.

Allen, W.F.; Garrison, L.M., & Ware, C.P. 1867. Slave Songs of the United States.

Anthony, C. 1976. “The Big House and the Slave Quarters,” (Three parts) Landscape v.21.

Aptheker, H. 1975. A Documentary History of the Negro People in the United States.

Aptheker, H. 1983. Negro Slave Revolts.

Araujo, A.L. 2014. Shadows of the Slave Past: Memory, Heritage, and Slavery.

Araujo, A.L. 2017. Reparations for Slavery and the Slave Trade: A Transnational and Comparative History.

Archer, L. 2013. Slavery: And Other Forms of Unfree Labour.

Austen, R.A. 1979. "The Trans-Saharan Slave Trade: A Tentative Census," In Gemery, H.A., &     Hogendorn, J.S. (eds.) Uncommon Markets, 23-76.

Averkieva, I.P. 1966. Slavery among the Indians of North America. Victoria, B.C.

Bales, K. 2012. Disposable People: New Slavery in the Global Economy.

Baptist, E. 2016. The Half Has Never Been Told: Slavery and the Making of American     Capitalism. 

Barrow, R.H. 1928. Slavery in the Roman Empire.

Barry, K. 1979. Female Sexual Slavery.

Bartlett, J.R. 1866. Catalogue of Books and Pamphlets Relating to the Civil War in the U.S. and     On Subjects Growing out of that Event; Together with works on American Slavery, and Essays from Reviews and Magazines on the Same Subject.

Beach, Caitlin. 2018. “Sculpture, Slavery, and Commerce in the Nineteenth-Century Atlantic     World.” PhD dissertation, Columbia University.

Beckert, S. and Rockman, S. (eds.) 2016. Slavery’s Capitalism: A New History of American     Economic Development.

Beiguelman, P. 1978. "The Destruction of Modern Slavery: A Theoretical Issue," Review 2.1,     71-80.

Bennett, H.L. 2018. African Kings and Black Slaves: Sovereignity and Dispossession in the Early Moderdn Atlantic.

Berlin, I. 1998. Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America.

Berlin, I. 2003. Generations of Captivity: A History of African American Slaves.

Berlin, I. 2004. “American Slavery in History and Memory and the Search for Social Justice,”     Journal of American History 90(4), 1251-1268.

Berlin, I.,, (eds.). 1998. Remembering Slavery.

Berry, D.R. 2017. The Price for their Pound of Flesh: The Value of the Enslved, from Womb to        Grave, in the Building of a Nation

Berry, D.R., & Alford, D. (eds.) 2017. Enslaved Women in America: An Encyclopedia.

Berry, D.R., & Harris, L.M. 2018. Sexuality & Slavery: Reclaiming Intimate Histories in the     Americas.

Black , J. 2011 A Brief  History Slavery: A New Global History.

Black, J. 2015. The Atlantic Slave Trade in World History. 

Blackmon, D.A. 2008. Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from     the Civil War to World War II.

Blassingame, J. 1972. Slave Community: Plantation Life in the Antebellum South.

Blassingame, J. 1976. Slave Testimony: Two Centuries of Letters, Speeches, Interviews, and     Autobiographies.

Blassingame, J.W. 1975. “The Planter on the Couch: Earl E. Thorpe and the Psychodynamics of     Slavery,” Journal of Negro History 60; 320-31.

Botkin, B.A. (ed.) 1945. Lay My Burden Down: A Folk History of Slavery.

Boulukos, G. 2008. The Grateful Slave: The Emergence of Race in Eighteenth-Century British     and American Culture. Cambridge University Press.

Brace, L. 2018. The Politics of Slavery.

Bracey, J.; Meier, A., & Rudwick, E. (eds.) 1971. American Slavery: The Question of Resistance.

Braithwaite, E.K.  2003. “The ‘Folk’ Culture of the Slaves,” The Slavery Reader.

Cade, J.B. 1935. “Out of the Mouths of Ex-Slaves,” Journal of Negro History 20; 294-337.

Calarco, T. 2010. Places on the Underground Railroad: A Geographical Guide.

Campbell, M. 1974. "Aristotle and Black Slavery: A Study in Race Prejudice," Race, 15.3, 283-    302.

Catteral, H. (ed.). 1926-37. Judicial Cases Concerning American Slavery and the Negro, 5v.

Chattopadhyay, A.K. 1959. Slavery in India.

Clarence-Smith, W.G. 2006. Islam and the Abolition of Slavery.

Clarkson, T. 1786. An Essay on the Slavery and Commerce of the Human Species, Particularly     the African, Translated from a Latin Dissertation, Which Was Honoured with the First Prize in the University of Cambridge, for the Year 1785, with Additions. London

Clissold, S. 1977. The Barbary Slaves Close, S.K. 1997. Elderly Slaves of the Plantation South.

Cohen, D.W., & Greene, J.P. (eds.) 1972. Neither Slave Nor Free: The Freedmen of African     Descent in the Slave Societies of the New World.

Copeland, H. 2013. Bound to Appear: Art, Slavery, and the Site of Blackness in Multicultural     America.

Craton, M. (ed.) 1979. Current Directions in Slave Studies.

Crew, S.; Bunch, L.; & Price, C. 2014. Slave Culture: A Documentary Collection of the Slave     Narratives, 3vols.

Curtain, P.D. 1967. Africa Remembered: Narratives by West Africans from the Era of the Slave     Trade.

Dance, S. 1949. India from Primitive Communism to Slavery.

Davidson, B. 1961. The African Slave Trade.

Davidson, J.O.C. 2015. Modern Slavery: The Margins of Freedom.

Davis, A. 1971. “Reflections on the Black Woman‘s Role in the Community of Slaves,” The Black     Scholar 3.4; 2-15

Davis, D.B. 1966. The Problem of Slavery in Western Culture.

Davis, D.B. 1975. The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution, 1770-1823.

Davis, D.B. 2000. “Looking at Slavery from Broader Perspectives,” American Historical Review     105; 452-466.

Davis, D.B. 2008. Inhuman Bondage: The Rise and Fall of Slavery in the New World.

Davis, P.A.; Gutman, H.G., Sutch, R., Temin, P., & Wright, G. 1976. Reckoning with Slavery: A     Critical Study in the Quantitative History of American Negro Slavery.

Delbanco, A. 2018. The War before the War: Fugitive Slaves and the Struggle for America’s Soul from the Revolution to the Civil War.

DeLombard, J. M. 2007. Slavery on Trial: Law, Abolitionism, and Print Culture.

Diouf, S. 1998. Servants of Allah. African Muslims Enslaved in the Americas.

Donnan, E. 1930-35. Documents Illustrative of the Slave Trade to America.

Dow, G.F. 1927. Slave Ships and Slaving.

Drescher, S., & Engerman, S.L. 1998. A Historical Guide to World Slavery.

Drummond, W. 1961. A Bibliography of Anti-Slavery in America.

Du Bois, P. 2003. Slaves and Other Objects.

Du Bois, W.E.B. 1935. Black Reconstruction.

Du Bois, W.E.B. 1896. The Suppression of the African Slave Trade.

Du Bois, W.E.B. 1903. The Souls of Black Folk.

Earl, R.R. 2003. Dark Symbols, Obscure Signs: God, Self, and Community in the Slave Mind.

Egypt, O.S.; Masuoka, S.J., & Johnson, C.S. (eds.) 1968. The Unwritten History of Slavery:     Autobiographical Accounts of Ex-Slaves.

Eichstedt, J.L. & Small, S. 2003. Representation of Slavery: Race and Ideology in Southern     Plantation Museums.

Elkins, S. 1959. Slavery: A Problem in American Institutional and Intellectual Life.

Ellis, C. & Ginsburg, R. 2010. Cabin, Quarter, Plantation: Architecture and Landscapes of North American Slavery.

Eltis, D. 2011. Voyages: Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database.

Eltis, D., & Richardson, D. 1997. Routes to Slavery: Directions, Ethnicity, and Mortality in the     Atlantic Slave Trade.

Epstein, D.J. 1963. “Slave Music in the United States Before 1860: A Survey of Sources (Part 1),” Notes (April), 195-212 [Latin American Studies Notes?]

Ericson, D.F. 2011. Slavery in the American Republic: Developing the Federal Government,     1791-1861.

Eyerman, R. 2001. Cultural Trauma: Slavery and the Formation of African American Identity.

Faber, E. 2000. Jews, Slaves and the Slave Trade: Setting the Record Straight.

Falconbridge, A. 1788. An Account of the Slave Trade on the Coast of Africa.

Faust, D.G. 1981. Ideology of Slavery: Proslavery Thought in the Antebellum South, 1830-1860.

Fields, B.J. 1990. “Slavery, Race and Ideology in the United States of America,” New Left Review 18 (May).

Finkelman, P. 2003. Defending Slavery: Proslavery Thought in the Old South.

Finkelman, P. 1998. The Law of Freedom and Bondage: A Casebook.

Finkelman, P. 1997. Slavery & the Law.

Finkelman, P. 1985. Slavery in the Courtroom: An Annotated Bibliography of American Cases.

Finkelman, P. 2001. Slavery and the Founders: Race and Liberty in the Age of Jefferson.

Finkelman, P. 2018. Supreme Injustice Slavery in the Nation’s Highest Court.

Finley, I.M. 1968. “Slavery,” International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences.

Finley, I.M. 2014. Classical Slavery.

Finely, I.M., & Shaw, B.D. 1980. Ancient Slavery and Modern Ideology.

Franklin, J.H. 1998. From Slavery to Freedom.

Franklin, J.H., & Schweniger, L. (eds.) 1999. Runaway Slaves: Rebels on the Plantation.

Fredrickson, G. M., & Lasch, C. (1967). “Resistance to Slavery,” Civil War History, 13(4), 315-    329.

Freyre, G. 1946. Masters and Slaves: A Study in the Development of Brazilian Civilization.

Friedman, S.S. 1998. Jews and the American Slave Trade.

Fisch, A.A. 2007. The Cambridge Companion to the African American Slave Narrative.

Fisher, M.M. 1953. Negro Slave Songs in the United States.

Fogel, R.W. 2003. The Slavery Debates, 1952-1990: A Retrospective.

Fogel, R.W., & Engerman, S.L. 1974. Time on the Cross: The Economics of American Negro     Slavery.

Forret, J. 2015. Slave Against Slave: Plantation Violence in the Old South.

Forret, J., & Sears, C.E. 2015. New Directions in Slavery Studies: Commodification, Community, and Comparison.

Foster, F.S. & Smith, F. 1994. Witnessing Slavery: The Development of Ante-Bellum Slave     Narratives.

Fox-Amato, M. 2019. Exposing Slavery: Photography, Human Bondage, and the Birth of Modern Visual Politics in America.

Gathercole, C. 1988. Slavery: A Bibliography of the Collection in Canterbury Library.

Gallay, A. (ed.) 2009. Indian Slavery in Colonial America.

Garney, P. 1996. Ideas of Slavery from Aristotle to Augustine.

Gemery, H.A., & Hogendorn, J.S. (eds.) 1979. The Uncommon Market: Essays in the Economic     History of the Atlantic Slave Trade. 

Genovese, E. 1963. The Political Economy of Slavery: Studies in Economy and Society of the     Slave South.

Genovese, E. 1974. Roll Jordan Roll.

Gikandi, S. 2011. Slavery and The Culture of Taste.

Glymph, T. 2008. Out of the House of Bondage: The Transformation of the Plantation     Household.

Goodell, W. 1953. The American Slave Code in Theory and Practice: Its Distinctive Features     Shown by Its Statutes, Judicial Decisions, and Illustrative Facts.

Greenberg, M. 1977. "The New Economic History and the Understanding of Slavery: A     Methodological Critique," Dialectical Anthropology 2, 131-147.

Greenridge. 1958. Slavery.

Gutman, H. 1976. Black Family in Slavery and Freedom.

Harris, J.C. 1971. The African Presence in Asia: Consequences of the East African Slave Trade.

Hine, W.L. 1975. "American Slavery and Russian Serfdom: A Preliminary Comparison," Phylon     36, 378-384.

Hartman, S.V. 1997. Scenes of Subjection: Terror, Slavery and Self-Making in Nineteenth Century America.

Haymes, S. N. (2015). Pedagogy and the philosophical anthropology of African-American slave     culture. In Not Only the Master's Tools (pp. 187-218). Routledge.

Heuman, G. & Malvin, J. 2003. The Slavery Reader.

Historical Encyclopedia of World Slavery. 1997.

Hogg, P.C. 2013. The African Slave Trade and Its Suppression: A Classified and Annotated     Bibliography of Books, Pamphlets and Periodical Articles.

Johnson, C.S.; Radin, P., & (eds.) 1993. God Struck Me Dead: Religious Conversion     Experiences and Autobiographies of Negro Ex-Slaves.

Johnson, W. 1999. Soul by Soul: Life Inside the Antebellum Slave Market.

Johnson, W. 2013. River of Dark Dreams: Slavery and Empire in the Cotton Kingdom.

Jones-Rogers, S. 2019. They Were Her Property: White Women as Slave Owners in the     American South.

Judy, R. A. 1993. (Dis) forming the American Canon: African-Arabic Slave Narratives and the     Vernacular. U of Minnesota Press.

Kaye, A.E. 2009. Joining Places: Slave Neighborhoods in the Old South.

King, W. 2005. Stolen Childhood: Slave Youth in the Nineteenth Century.

Klein, H.S. 1999. The Atlantic Slave Trade: A Database on CD-ROM.

Klein, M.A.  2002. A to Z of Slavery and Abolition.

Klein, M.A. 2014. Historical Dictionary of Slavery and Abolition.

Kohler, M.J. 1897. “The Jews and the American Anti-Slavery Movement,” American Jewish     History 5.

Kopytoff, I. 1982. “Slavery,” Annual Review of Anthropology 11; 207-230.

Kopytoff, I.; Miers, S. & Miers, S.D. (eds.) 1977. Slavery in Africa: Historical and Anthropology     Perspectives.

Kujoory, P. 2003. Black Slavery: An Annotated Mediagraphy.

Lambert, R. 2019 Narrating the Slave Trade, Theorizing Community.

LaRoche, C.J. 2014. Free Black Communities and the Underground Railroad: The Geography of     Resistance.

League of Nation. 1925-1936. Evidence and Reports of the Temporary Slavery Commission,     1924-1925; The Committee of Experts in Slavery, 1934-32; The Advisory Committee of Experts on Slavery, 1934-1936.

Lenski, N., & Cameron, C.M. 2018. What is a Slave Society?: The Practice of Slavery in Global     Perspective. 

Levine, L. 1977. Black Culture, Black Consciousness.

Levine, L.W. 1993. “Slave Songs and Slave Consciousness: Explorations in Neglected Sources.”     In The Unpredictable Past: Explorations in American Cultural History.

Lindsay, L.A. 2008. Captives as Commodities: The Transatlantic Slave Trade.

Lovejoy, P.E. 2000. Transformations in Slavery: A History of Slavery in Africa.

Lynch, W. 2009 [1712]. The Making of a Slave.

Mann, K. (2001). Shifting paradigms in the study of the African diaspora and of Atlantic history     and culture. Slavery and Abolition, 22(1), 1-2.

Majoribanks, C. 1792. Slavery: An Essay in Verse.

Marsh, H. 1974. Slavery and Race.

Mathieson, W.L. 1926. British Slavery and Its Abolition, 1823-1838.

McAfee, W.M., & Fehrenbacher, D.E. (eds.) 2001. The Slaveholding Republic: An Account of the United States Government’s Relations to Slavery.

McGary, J.H., & Lawson, B.E. 1993. Between Slavery and Freedom: Philosophy and American     Slavery.

McMillan Encylopedia of World Slavery. 1998.

McPherson, J., & Katz, W. (eds.). 1969. The Anti-Slavery Crusade in America.

Meillassoux, C. 1991. The Anthropology of Slavery: The Womb of Iron and Gold.

Mendelsohn, I. 1949. Slavery in the Ancient Near East.

Meltzer, M. 1993. Slavery: A World History.

Miles, T. 2006. Ties that Bind: The Story of an Afro-Cherokee Family in Slavery and Freedom.

Miles, T. 2017. The Dawn of Detroit: A Chronicle of Slavery and Freedom in the City of Straits.

Miller, J. 2001. The Complete History of Slavery. San Diego: Greenhaven Pr.

Miller, J.C. 1986. Slavery a Worldwide Bibliography, 1900-1982.

Miller, J.C. 1998. Slavery and Slaving in World History, A Bibliography, 1992-1996.

Miller, J.C. 2008. “Muslim Slavery and Slaving: A Bibliography,” Slavery and Abolition 13;     249-271.
Miller, J.C., & Boms, D.H. 1980. Slavery: A Supplementary Teaching Bibliography. 

Miller, R.M., & Smith, J.D. (eds.) 1997. Dictionary of Afro-American Slavery.

Moore, W.E. 1971. American Slavery and Abolition: A Sociological Study.

Morgan, E.S. 1975. American Slavery, American Freedom.

Morgan, J.L. 2004. Laboring Women: Reproduction and Gender in New World Slavery.

Morgan, K. (ed.) 2005. Slavery in America: A Reader and Guide.

“New Perspectives on the Transatlantic Slave Trade” (Special Issue). 2001. William and Mary     Quarterly 58.

Newman, R. 2018. Abolitionism: A Very Short Introduction

Nieboer, H.J. 2011. Slavery as an Industrial System.

Nieman, D. G. 1995. From Slaves to Citizens: African-Americans, Rights Consciousness, and Reconstruction. Cardozo L. Rev., 17, 2115.

Northrup, D. (ed.) 1994. The Atlantic Slave Trade.

O'Callaghan, S. 1962. The Slave Trade Today.

Orser, C.E., 1990. “Archeological Approaches to New World Plantation Slavery,” Archeological Method and Theory 2; 111-154.

The Oxford Handbook of Slavery in the Americas. 1999.

Padgug, R.A. 1976. "Problems in the Theory of Slavery and Slave Society," Science and Society     40, 3-27.

Palmie, S. 1995. Slave Cultures and the Cultures of Slavery.

Parish, P.J. 2018. Slavery: History and Historians.

Patterson, O. 1967. The Sociology of Slavery.

Patterson, O. 1977. “Slavery,” American Review of Sociology 3; 407-449.

Patterson, O. 1982. Slavery and Social Death. 

Peabody, S., & Grinberg, K. 2007. Slavery, Freedom, and the Law in the Atlantic World: A Brief     History with Documents.

Penningroth, D.C. 2003. The Claims of Kinfolk: African American Property and Community in the Nineteenth-Century South.

Phillips, U.B.  1936. American Negro Slavery.

Phillips, U.B. 1929.  Life and Labor in the Old South.

Phillips, W. 1985. Slavery from Roman Times to the Early Transatlantic Trade. 

Price, R. 1973. Maroon Societies: Rebel Slave Communities in America.

Raboteau, A.J. 1978. Slave Religion: The “Invisible Institution” in the American South. 

Rawick, G. 1972. The American Slave: A Composite Autobiography, 19 vols and supplements.

Rediker, M. 2007. The Slave Ship: A Human History.

Rice, K.S., & Katz-Hyman, M.B. 2011. World of a Slave: Encyclopedia of the Material Life of Slaves in the United States.

Richards, L.L. 2000. The Slave Power: The Free North and Southern Domination, 1780-1860.

Rodriguez, J.P. 2007 Slavery in the United States: A Social, Political, and Historical Encyclopedia.

Rodriguez, J.P., & Patterson, O. 1999. Chronology of World Slavery.

Rosenthal, C. 2018. Accounting for Slavery: Masters and Management. 

Ross, M.H. 2018. Slavery in the North: Forgetting History and Recovering Memory.

Roth, U. 2007. Thinking Tools: Agricultural Slavery between Evidence and Models.

Sana, J.D., & Mendelsohn, A.D. 2016. “Jews and Slavery”, and “Jews and Abolition.” In Jews     and The Civil War: A Reader.

Sawyer, R. 1996. Slavery in the Twentieth Century.

Schneider, D. & Schneider, C. 2000. Slavery in America: From Colonial Times to the Civil War.

Schweninger, L. 2018. Appealing for Liberty: Freedom Suits in the South.

Scott, R.J. 2002. Societies after Slavery: A Selected Annotated Bibliography of Printed Sources     on Cuba, Brazil, British Colonial Africa, South Africa, and the British West Indies.

Schwartz, M.J. 2000. Born in Bondage: Growing Up Enslaved in the Antebellum South.

Schwartz, M.J. 2017. Birthing a Slave: Motherhood and Medicine in the Antebellum South.

Sellin, J.T. 2016. Slavery and the Penal System.

Settle, E.O. 1933. "Social Attitudes during the Slave Regime: Household Servants versus Field     Hands," In Racial Contacts and Social Research 28, 95-98.

Simmons, K. 1926. Slavery.

Sinclair, William A. 2012. The Aftermath of Slavery [1905].

Singleton, T.A. 2009. The Archaeology of Slavery and Plantation Life.

Slave Insurrections: Selected Documents. 1970.

Slavery, A Bibliography and Union List of the Microform Collection. 1980.

Slavery and Abolition (1979 - present) “Slavery: Current Bibliography”
"Slavery." 1973. Marxism, Communism and Western Society: A Comprehensive. Encyclopedia.

Smallwood, S. 2008. Saltwater Slavery: A Middle Passage from Africa to American Diaspora.

Smith, J.D. 1982. Black Slavery in the Americas: An Interdisciplinary Bibliography, 1865-1980.

Solow, B.L. 2016. The Economic Consequences of the Atlantic Slave Trade.

Songs of the American Negro Slaves. Folkways Records, FW05252.

St. Clair, W. 2007. The Door of No Return: The History of Cape Coast Castle and the Atlantic Slave Trade.

Stamp, K. 1956. The Peculiar Institution: Slavery in the Antebellum South.

Starobin, R.S. (ed.) 1970. Industrial Slavery in the Old South.

Stevens, W. 1904. The Slave in History.

Stevenson, B.E. 1997. Life in Black and White: Family and Community in the Slave South.

Stuckey, S. 1968. “Through the Prism of Folklore: The Black Ethos in Slavery,” Mass Rv.

Stuckey, S. 1987. Slave Culture: Nationalist Theory and the Foundations of Black America.

Tannebaum, F. 1946. Slave and Citizen.

Thomas, H. 1994. The Slave Trade.

Thorpe, E.E. 1967. Eros and Freedom in Southern Life and Thought.

Tomich, D.W. (ed.), 2016. The Politics of the Second Slavery. SUNY Press.

Tomich, D.W., 2017. The “Second Slavery”: Bonded Labor and the Transformation of the Nineteenth-Century World Economy. In Critical Readings on Global Slavery; 1326-1349.

Tomich, D. (ed.) 2017. Slavery and Historical Capitalism during the Ninetheenth Century.

Torrey, J. 1971 [1822]. American Slave Trade.

Tushnet, M.V. 1981. The American Law of Slavery, 1810-1860: Considerations of Humanity and     Interest.

United Nations. 1951. Suppression of Slavery.

Van Deburg, W.L. 1984. Slavery and Race in American Popular Culture.

Verlinden, C. 1970. "Medieval Slavers," Explorations in Economic History 7.1-2, 1-14.

Vlach, J.M. 1993. Back of the Big House: The Architecture of Plantation Slavery.

Wallerstein, I., 1976. American Slavery and the Capitalist World-Economy.

Walvin, J. 2008. The Trader, The Owner, The Slave: Parallel Lives in the Age of Slavery.

Wade, R. 1964. Slavery in Cities: The South, 1820-1860.

Watson, J.L. 1980. Asian and African Systems of Slavery.

Weber, T.L. 1981.  Deep Like the Rivers: Education in the Slave Quarters, 1831-1865.

Westerman, W.L. 1929. Upon Slavery in Ptolemaic Egypt.

What is a Slave Society?: The Practice of Slavery in Global Perspective. 2018

White, D.G. 1999. Ar’n’t I a Woman: Female Slaves in the Plantation South.

White, J. 1983. “Veiled Testimony: Negro Spirituals and the Slave Experience,” Journal of American Studies 17.2; 2551-2563

Williams, E. 1944. Capitalism and Slavery.

Williams, E. 1971. "The Origin of Negro Slavery," In Frucht, ed. Black Society in the New World

Wilson, W.J. 1976. "Slavery, Paternalism and White Hegemeony," J. of Sociology 81.5, 1190-    1198.

Williams, G.W. 1968. History of the Negro Race.

Williams, H.A. 2005. Self-Taught: African American Education in Slavery and Freedom.

Williams, H.A. 2012. Help Me to Find My People: The African American Search to Find Family     Lost in Slavery.

Williams, H.A. 2014. Slavery: A Very Short Introduction. NY: Oxford UP.

Willis, J.R. 2016. Slaves and Slavery in Africa. Volume One: Islam and the Ideology of Enslavement.

Winks, R. (ed.) 1972. Slavery: A Comparative Perspective.

Wood, B. 1997. The Origins of American Slavery.

Woodson, C.G. 1962. Negro in Our History.

Woodson, C.G. 1926. The Mind of the Negro as Reflected in His Letters during the Crisis.

Work, M.N. 1965. Bibliography of the Negro.

Yetman, N. R. (1984). Ex-slave interviews and the historiography of slavery. American Quarterly, 36(2), 181-210.