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Majority-Minority Relationships in National Constitutions

Led by Professor Kiyoteru Tsutsui, this study traces historical changes in the mode of incorporation of minorities in national constitutions. Our first research question is about how constitutional stipulations about minority-majority relationships have changed since 1789. Our second research question is about the factors that contributed to the vacillating popularity of different models of majority-minority relationships. Our third task is to investigate how the changing models of majority-minority relationships have affected the actual lives of minority groups. The newer models of incorporation of minorities are intended to help reduce ethnic conflict and improve minorities’ lives. Therefore, it is important to examine whether countries with individual cultural rights model and multicultural polices are more likely to reduce ethnic conflict or minority disadvantages.

Duties to be performed by undergraduate:
Undergraduate student research assistants would code national constitutions from all nation-states for minority rights stipulations. This would entail reading constitutions, marking them for relevant content, and then copying that content into a large excel document. Additionally, students will meet weekly with the graduate student study supervisor Jeff Swindle to discuss any questions they have or problems they encounter. If you are interested in joining the project as a research assistant, contact Jeff by email at:

Supervising Faculty Advisor:
Kiyoteru Tsutsui

Interested Students Should Contact:
Jeffrey Swindle –

Approximate Hours Per Week:
3 hours per credit enrolled

Range of Credit Hours:

Number of Positions Available: