(not experiment reports)
& motivation articles are in blue)
Reprints are provided solely for your individual personal use.
Berridge, K.C. A liking versus wanting perspective on emotion and the brain. In The Oxford Handbook of Positive Emotion and Psychopathology (J. Gruber, Ed.). Oxford University Press, pp. 184-196, 2019.
Cole, S.L., Robinson, M.J.F., & Berridge, K.C. Optogenetic self-stimulation in the nucleus accumbens: D1 reward versus D2 ambivalence. PLoS One 13(11): e0207694, 2018 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0207694
Mitchell, M.R., Berridge, K.C., & Mahler, S.V. Endocannabinoid enhanced 'liking' in nuleus accumbens shell hedonic hotspot requires endogenous opioid signals. Cannabis & Cannabinoid Research 3, 1666-170, 2018.
Olney, J.J. & Warlow, S.M., & Naffziger, E.E. & Berridge, K.C. Current perspectives on incentive salience and applications to clinical disorders. Current Opinions in Behavioral Sciences, 22: 59-69, 2018.
Badiani, A. Berridge, K.C., Heilig, M., Nutt, D.J., & Robinson, T.E. Addiction research and theory: a commentary on the Surgeon General's Report on alcohol, drugs and health. Addiction Biology, 23(1), 3-5, 2018.
. Castro, D.C. & Berridge, K.C. Opioid and orexin hedonic hotspots in rat orbitofrontal cortex and insula. Proceedings of the National Academy of Scences. Online early doi: 10.1073/pnas.170575311r, 2017. Version with supplemental materials.
Robinson, T.E. & Berridge, K. C.. Beyond Wise et al.: Neuroleptic-induced "anhedonia" in rats: Pimozide blocks reward quality of food. In Brain and Behavior: Revisiting the Classic Studies . (B. Kolb & I. Whishaw, Eds.) Sage Publications, pp 190-200, 2017.
Kringelbach, M.L. & Berridge, K.C. Neuroscience of reward, motivation and drive. In The Recent Developments in Neuroscience Research on Human Motivation, (S-i. Kim, Reeve, & Bong, Eds.). Emerald Group Publishing, pp. 23-35 (2016).
DiFeliceantonio, A. G.. & Berridge, K.C. Dorsolateral neostriatum contribution to incentive salience: Opioid or dopamine stimulation makes one reward cue more motivationally attractive than another. European Journal of Neuroscience, 43, 1203-1218, 2016.
Castro, D.C., Terry, R.A., & Berridge, K.C. Orexin in rostral hotspot of nucleus accumbens enhances sucrose 'liking' and intake but scopolamine in caudal shell shifts 'liking' toward 'disgust' and 'fear'. Neuropsychopharmacology, 41, 2101-2111, 2016.
Kalueff, A.V., Stewart, A.M., Song, C., Berridge, K.C., Graybiel, A.M., & Fentress, J.C. Neurobiology of rodent self-grooming and its value for translational neuroscience. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 17 45-59, 2016.
Robinson, M.J.F., Burghardt, P.R., Patterson, C.M., Nobile, C.W., Akil, H. Watson, S.J., Berridge, K.C. & Ferrio, C.R. Individual differences in cue-induced motivation and striatal systems in rats susceptible to diet-induced obesity. Neuropsychopharmacology, 40: 2113-2123, 2015.
Castro, D.C., Cole, S.L. & Berridge, K.C. Lateral hypothalamus, nucleus accumbens and ventral pallidum roles in eating and hunger: interactions between homeostatic and reward circuitry. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, 9:90. doi: 10.3389/fnsys.2015.00090 . 2015.
Robinson, M.J.F., Anselme, P., Suchomel, K., & Berridge, K.C. Amphetamine-induced sensitization and reward uncertainty simiilarly enhance incentive salience for conditioned cues. Behavioral Neuroscience, 2015. DOI link to authoritative document: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bne0000064
Robinson, M.J.F., Warlow, S.M. & Berridge, K.C. Optogenetic excitation of central amydala amplifies and narrows incentive motivation to pursue one reward over another. Journal of Neuroscience, 34, 16567-16580, 2014.
Ho, C.-Y. & Berridge, K.C. Excessive disgust caused by brain lesions or temporary inactivations: mapping hotspots of the nucleus accumbens and ventral pallidum. European Journal of Neuroscience, 40, 3556-3572, 2014.
Castro, D.C. & Berridge, K.C. Opioid Hedonic hotspot in nucleus accumbens shell: Mu, delta, and kappa map for enhancement of sweetness 'liking' and 'wanting'. Journal of Neuroscience, 31: 4239-4250, 2014.
Robinson, M.J.F., Anselm, P., Fischer, A.M. & Berridge, K.C. Initial uncertainty in Pavlovian reward prediction persistently elevates incentive salience and extends sign-tracking to normally unattractive cues. Behavioural Brain Research, 266, 119-130, 2014.
Berridge, K.C & O'Doherty, J.P. From experienced utility to decision utility. In Neuroeconomics: Decisions and the brain (2nd edition). P. Glimcher & E. Fehr (Eds.), Academic Press, pp. 335-354, 2014.
Holton, R. & Berridge, K. Addiction between compulsion and choice. In Addiction and self control: Perspectives from philosophy, psychology and neuroscience. N. Levy (Ed.), Oxford University Press, pp.239-268, 2014.
Pecina, S. & Berridge, K.C Dopamine or opioid stimulation of nucleus accumbens similarly amplify cue-triggered 'wanting' for reward: entire core and medial shell mapped as substrates for PIT enhancement. European Journal of Neuroscience, 37, 1529-1540, 2013.
Richard, J.M., Plawecki, A.M. & Berridge, K.C. Nucleus accumbens GABAergic inhibition generates intense eating and fear that resists environmental retuning and needs no local dopamine. European Journal of Neuroscience, 37, 1789-1802, 2013.
Berridge, K.C & Kringelbach, M.L. Toward a neuroscience of well-being: implications of insights from pleasure research. In Human happiness and the purusit of maximization, (H. Brockmann & J. Delhey, Eds.) Springer, pp. 81-100, 2013.
Richard, J.M., Castro, D.C., DiFeliceantonio, A.G., Robinson, M.J.F. & Berridge, K.C. Mapping brain circuits of reward and motivation: in the footsteps of Ann Kelley. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 37, 1919-1931, 2013.
Berridge, K.C & Kringelbach, M.L. Toward a neuroscience of well-being: implications of insights from pleasure research. In Human Happiness and the Pursuit of Maximization. Edited by H. Brockmann & J. Delhey. pp. 81-100, Springer, Netherlands, 2013.
DiFeliceantonio, A. G. & Berridge, K.C. Which cue to 'want'? Opioid stimulation of central amygdala makes goal-trackers show stronger goal-tracking, just as sign-trackers show stronger sign-tracking. Behavioural Brain Research, 230, 399-408, 2012.
Zhang J., Berridge, K.C., & Aldridge, J.W. Computational models of incentive salience in addiction: dynamic limbic transfomation of learning into motivation. In Computational Neuroscience of Drug addiction. Edited by B. Gutkin & S.H. Ahmed. Springer, pp. 189-204, 2012.
Richard, J.M. & Berridge, K.C. Nucleus accumbens dopamine/glutamate interaction switches modes to generate desire versus dread: D1 for appetitive eating but D1 and D2 together for fear. Journal of Neuroscience, 31(36):12866 - 12879, 2011.
Smith, K.S., Berridge, K.C. & Aldridge, J.W. Disentangling pleasure from incentive salience and learning signals in brain reward circuitry. PNAS Plus, Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences, 108(27) E255-264, 2011. (Condensed 2-page summary: ) (Detailed methods and additional figures):
Richard, J.M. & Berridge, K.C. Metabotropic glutamate receptor blockade in nucleus accumbens shell shifts affective valence towards fear and disgust. European Journal of Neuroscience, 33, 736-474, 2011.
Kringelbach, M.L. & Berridge, K.C. The neurobiology of pleasure and happiness. In The Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics. Edited by Judy Illes and Barbara J. Sahakian. Oxford University Press, pp. 15-32, 2011.
Winkielman, P., Berridge, K.C. & Sher, S. Emotion, consciousness and social behavior. In The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience. J. Decety & J. Cacioppo (Eds.). Oxford University Press, pp. 195-211, 2011.
Faure, A., Richard, J.M. & Berridge, K.C. Desire and dread from the nucleus accumbens: Cortical glutamate and subcortical GABA differentially generate motivation and hedonic impact in the rat. PLoS ONE 5(6): e11223.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011223, 2010.
Smith, K.S., Mahler, S.V., Pecina, S. & Berridge, K.C. Hedonic hotspots: Generating sensory pleasure in the brain. In Pleasures of the Brain. M.L. Kringelbach & K.C. Berridge (Eds.), Oxford University Press, pp. 27-49, 2010.
Aldridge, J.W. & Berridge, K.C. Neural coding of pleasure: 'Rose-tinted glasses' of the ventral pallidum. In Pleasures of the Brain. M.L. Kringelbach & K.C. Berridge (Eds.), Oxford University Press, pp. 62-73, 2010.
Taylor, J.L., Rajbhandari, A.K., Berridge, K.C., & Aldridge, J.W. Dopamine receptor modulation of repetitive grooming actions in the rat: Potential relevance for Tourette syndrome. Brain Research, 1322, 92-101, 2010.
Zhang J., Berridge, K.C., Tindell, A.J., Smith, K.S. & Aldridge, J.W. A neural computational model of incentive salience. PLoS_Computational Biology 5(7):e1000437. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000437, 2009.
Mahler, S.V. & Berridge, K.C. Which cue to 'want'? Central amygdala opioid activation enhances and focuses incentive salience on a prepotent reward cue. Journal of Neuroscience, 29(20), 6500-6513, 2009.
Faure, A. Reynolds, S.M., Richard, J.M. & Berridge, K.C. Mesolimbic dopamine in desire and dread: Enabling motivation to be generated by localized glutamate disruptions in nucleus accumbens. Journal of Neuroscience, 28, 7184-7192, 2008.
Berridge, K.C, Zhang, J. & Aldridge, J.W. Computing motivation: incentive salience boosts of drug or appetite states [comment on Redish et al., A unified framework for addiction]. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 31, 440-441, 2008.
Mahler, S.V. Smith, K.S. & Berridge, K.C. Endocannabinoid hedonic hotspot for sensory pleasure: Anandamide in nucleus accumbens shell enhances 'liking' of a sweet reward. Neuropsychopharmacology, 32, 2267-2278, 2007.
Berridge, K.C.Brain reward systems for food incentives and hedonics in normal appetite and eating disorders. In Appetite and Body Weight. T.C. Kirkham & S.J. Cooper (Eds.), Academic Press, pp. 191-216, 2007.
Tindell, A.J., Smith, K.S., Peciña, S., Berridge, K.C., & Aldridge, J.W. Ventral pallidum firing codes hedonic reward: When a bad taste turns good. Journal of Neurophysiology, 96: 2399-2409, 2006.
Peciña, S. Schulkin , J., & Berridge, K.C. Nucleus accumbens corticotropin-releasing factor increases cue-triggered motivation for sucrose reward: paradoxical positive incentive effects in stress? BMC Biology 4:8 2006.
Britton JC, Taylor SF, Berridge KC, Mikels, J.A. and Liberzon I. Differential subjective and psychophysiological responses to socially and nonsocially generated emotonal stimuli. Emotion, 6(1): 150-155, 2006.
Tindel, A.J., Berridge, K.C., Zhang, J.,Pecina, S., & Aldridge, W. Ventral pallidal neurons code incentive motivation: amplification by mesolimbic sensitization and amphetamine. European Journal of Neuroscience, 22, 2617-2634, 2005.
Berridge, K.C., Aldridge, J.W., Houchard, K.R., & Zhuang, X. Sequential super-stereotypy of an instinctive fixed action pattern in hyper-dopaminergic mutant mice: a model of obsessive compulsive disorder and Tourette's. BMC Biology, 2005, 3:2, 2005.
Richardson, D.K., Reynolds, S. M., Cooper, S.J. & Berridge, K.C. Endogenous opioids are necessary for benzodiazepine palatability enhancement: naltrexone blocks diazepam-induced increase of sucrose 'liking'. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior 81 (3), 657-663, 2005.
Berridge, K.C. Espresso reward learning, hold the dopamine: Theoretical commentary on Robinson, Sandstrom, Denenberg, and Palmiter (invited commentary). Behavioral Neuroscience, 119(1) 336-341, 2005. (Link to target article: )
Winkielman, P., Berridge, K. C., & Wilbarger, J. L. Unconscious affective reactions to masked happy versus angry faces influence consumption behavior and judgments of value. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 31(1), 121-135, 2005.
Winkielman, P., Berridge, K. C., & Wilbarger, J. L. Emotion, behavior, and conscious experience: Once more without feeling. In Emotion and Consciousness. Barrett, L.F., Niedenthal, P.M., & Winkielman, P. (Eds). Guilford Press, N.Y., pp 335-362 (scanned pdf), 2005.
Berridge, K.C. Pleasure, unfelt affect and irrational desire. In Feelings and Emotions: The Amsterdam Symposium. A.S.R. Manstead, N.H. Frijda, & A.H. Fischer (Eds.). , pp 43-62 (PDF reprint posted by permission of Cambridge University Press) 2004.
Peciña S., Cagniard, B., Berridge, K.C., Aldridge, J.W. & Zhuang, X. Hyperdopaminergic mutant mice have higher 'wanting' but not 'liking' for sweet rewards. Journal of Neuroscience 23 (28), 9395-9402, 2003.
Winkielman, P. & Berridge, K.C. Irrational Wanting and Subrational Liking: How Rudimentary Motivational and Affective Processes Shape Preferences and Choices. Political Psychology 24(4), 657-680, 2003.
Berridge, K.C. Comparing the emotional brain of humans and other animals. In Handbook of Affective Sciences, R.J. Davidson, H.H. Goldsmith, & K. Scherer (Eds.), Chapt. 3: pp. 25-51, Oxford University Press, 2003.
Aldridge, J.W. & Berridge, K.C. Coding of behavioral sequences in the basal ganglia. In Nicolson, L.F.B. & Faull, R.L. (Eds.), The Basal Ganglia VII. pp. 53-66, Kluwer Academic/Plenum, New York, 2002.
Meyer-Luehmann, M., Thompson, J.F., Berridge, K.C., and Aldridge, J.W. Substantia nigra pars reticulata neurons code initiation of a serial pattern: Implications for natural action sequences and sequential disorders. European Journal of Neuroscience, 16, 1599-1608, 2002.
Reynolds, S. M. & Berridge, K.C. Positive and negative motivation in nucleus accumbens shell: Bivalent rostrocaudal gradients for GABA-elictied eating, taset 'liking'/'disliking' reactions, place preference/avoidance, and fear. Journal of Neuroscience, 22 (16), 7308-7320, 2002.
Reynolds, S. & Berridge, K.C. Fear and feeding in the nucleus accumbens shell: Rostrocaudal segregation of GABA elicitation of defensive behavior and eating behavior. Journal of Neuroscience, 21 (9), 3261-3270, 2001.
Steiner, J., Glaser, D. Hawilo, M.H., & Berridge, K.C. Comparative expression of hedonic impact: Affective reactions to taste by human infants and other primates. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 25, 53-74, 2001.
Wyvell, C.L. & Berridge, K.C Intra-accumbens amphetamine increases the conditioned incentive salience of sucrose reward: Enhancement of reward 'wanting' without enhanced 'liking' or response reinforcement. Journal of Neuroscience, 20, 8122-8130, 2000.
Bursten, S., Berridge, K.C. & Ownings, D.H. Do California ground squirrels (Spermophilus beecheyi) use ritualized syntactic cephalocaudal grooming as an agonistic signal? Journal of Comparative Psychology, 114, 281-290, 2000.
Berridge, K.C. Pleasure, pain, desire, and dread: hidden core processes of emotion. In Well-Being: Foundations of Hedonic Psychology. Kahneman, D., Diener, E., & Schwarz, N. (Eds.), New York: Russell Sage Foundation, pp 527-559 (1999).
Peciña, S., Berridge, K.C., Parker, L.A. Pimozide does not shift palatability: Separation of anhedonia from sensorimotor effects by the taste reactivity paradigm. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior, 58, 801-811, 1997.
Cromwell, H.C. & Berridge, K.C. Haloperidol decreases hyperkinetic paw treading induced by globus pallidus lesions in the rat. Experimental Neurology, 145, 288-294, 1997.
Berridge, K.C. & Robinson, T.E. Control versus causation of addiction (commentary) Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 19, 576, 1996.
Robinson, T.E. & Berridge, K.C. The pursuit of value: tolerance or sensitization (commentary) Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 19, 594, 1996.
Berridge, K.C. The development of action patterns. In The Development of Behavioural Causation, J. Hogan & J. Bolhuis (Eds.), Cambridge University Press, pp. 147-180 (1994).
Laeng, B., Berridge, K.C., Butter, C.M. Pleasantness of a sweet taste during hunger and satiety: Effects of human gender and "sweet tooth". Appetite, 21, 247-254, 1993.
Galaverna, O.G., Seeley, R.J., Berridge, K.C., Grill, H.J., Schulkin, J., & Epstein, A.N. Lesions of the central nucleus of the amygdala: Effects on taste reactivity, taste aversion learning, and sodium appetite. Behavioral Brain Research, 59, 11-18, 1993.
Berridge, K.C. & Whishaw, I.Q. Cortex, Striatum, and Cerebellum: Control of syntactic grooming sequences. Experimental Brain Research, 90, 275-290, 1992 (scanned pdf).
Berridge, K.C. & Cromwell, H.C. Motivational-Sensorimotor Interaction controls aphagia and exaggerated treading after striatopallidal lesions. Behavioral Neuroscience, 104, 778-795, 1990. (scanned pdf)
Berridge, K.C. Substantia nigra 6-OHDA lesions mimic striatopallidal disruption of syntactic grooming chains: a neural systems analysis of sequence control. Psychobiology, 17, 377-385, 1989. (scanned pdf)
Berridge, K.C. Progressive degradation of serial grooming chains by descending decerebration. Behavioural Brain Research, 33, 241-253, 1989. (scanned pdf)
Berridge, K.C., Venier, I.L., & Robinson, T.E. Taste Reactivity Analysis of 6-OHDA aphagia without impairment of taste reactivity: Implications for theories of dopamine function. Behavioral Neuroscience, 103, 36-45, 1989. (scanned pdf)
Treit, D. Berridge, K.C. & Schultz, C.E. The direct enhancement of positive palatability by chlordiazepoxide is antagonized by Ro15-1788 and CGS 8216. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior 26, 709-714, 1987. (scanned pdf)
Delamater, A.R., LoLordo, V.M., & Berridge, K.C. Control of fluid palatability by exteroceptive Pavlovian signals. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behvaior Processes, 12:143-152, 1986. (scanned pdf)
Grill, H.J. & Berridge, K.C. Taste reactivity as a measure of the neural control of palatability. In Progress in Psychobiology and Physiological Psychology, Vol. 11 (J.M. Sprague & A.N. Epstein, Eds.), Academic Press, 1985. (scanned pdf)
Berridge, K.C. & Grill, H.J. Alternating ingestive and aversive consummatory responses suggests a two-dimensional analysis of palatability in rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 97, 563-573, 1983. (scanned pdf)
Berridge, K.C., Grill, H.J., & Norgren, R. Relation of consummatory responses and preabsorptive insulin release to palatability and learned taste aversions. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 95, 363-381, 1981. (scanned pdf)
(other older publications are listed on Berridge CV, but pdf files not available here)
2015 Article describing Berridge lab research from Intelligent Life