Lab Profile

Research in the Gender and Respect in Organizations (GRO) lab addresses gender and (dis)respect in work organizations, with a special focus on personal and professional outcomes of the targeted individual. Current projects concentrate on disrespect in the form of workplace incivility, sex-based harassment, and heterosexist harassment. We study processes through which these behaviors undermine the well-being and performance of employees from diverse backgrounds, including different gender, race, sexual orientation, and industry groups. Our overarching goal is to better understand these dysfunctional dynamics in organizations so as to inform institutional change, ultimately promoting positive individual and organizational growth.

To download representative publications, scroll to the bottom of this page. The last article (Cortina et al., 2001) contains the original 7-item Workplace Incivility Scale (WIS), and the Cortina et al. (2011/13) article contains a revised, 12-item version of that scale.

Please note: Dr. Cortina will not be taking new graduate students during the 2017-18 admissions cycle.


Principal Investigator

Lilia Cortina, PhD

Professor of Psychology, Women's Studies, & Management (by courtesy)

As a researcher of hostile work experiences, Lilia investigates the many ways in which people are subordinated, violated, and relegated to the margins of organizational life. These interpersonal indignities range from subtle social slights to general incivility to blatant harassment and violence. Her scholarship spans the full spectrum, concentrating on populations that have historically been marginalized in organizations (e.g., women, racial and sexual minorities). One line of Lilia's work addresses harassment based on sex, sexuality, and gender - focusing on the contours and consequences of harassing experiences in employment. In another stream of research, she investigates workplace incivility, i.e., everyday discourtesies that violate social norms of respect and undermine worker wellbeing.

Click here for Lilia Cortina's CV


Doctoral Students in the Lab

Maira Arequin

Maira researches Latin@ farmworkers’ experiences with discrimination as it relates to their health. She is specifically interested in environmental microaggressions -- the negative messages communicated to marginalized individuals from their social environment. She hopes to shed light on their experiences because, even though farmworkers are the backbone of the billion dollar agricultural industry, they remain a largely understudied and vulnerable population. 


Allura Casanova

Allura's research aims to understand experiences of individuals who defy stereotypes attached to their gender or race. For example, in one study, she investigated experiences of masculinity among stay-at-home fathers. In another project, she is analyzing the barriers. stressors, and supports encountered by Black men in STEM careers.


Kathrina Robotham

Kathrina's research interests revolve around workplace hostility, identity, and health. In one project, she is analyzing leadership efforts around harassment and disrespect as tools for reducing gendered and sexualized violence in the the US military. In another project, she is investigating how the threat of mistreatment boosts stress and derails performance among Black women.



Emily Vargas

Emily's research focuses on both the experience and expression of prejudice, especially in organizational settings. In one line of work, she is investigating how perceived identity conflict relates to evaluations of the leadership of women, people of color, and gay employees. In another project, she is investigating influences of gender and bias on organizational value systems.



Lab Alumni

Kathryn (Katy) Holland, Asst Professor, University of Nebraska Kevin Goodman, Visiting Assistant Professor, UMass - Amherst
Verónica Caridad Cruz Rabelo, Asst Professor, San Francisco State U Rita Seabrook, Postdoctoral Fellow, Rutgers University
Cathleen Clerkin, Senior Research Faculty, Center for Creative Leadership Brianna Barker Caza, Assoc Professor, University of Manitoba
Melanie Henderson, Asst Professor, Ohio Wesleyan University Marisela Huerta, Clinical Psychologist, Weill Cornell Medicine
Elma Lorenzo-Blanco, Asst Professor, University of South Carolina Perry Silverschanz, Asst Professor, Eastern Michigan University
Dana Kabat-Farr, Asst Professor, Dalhousie University Cindy Torges, Asst Professor, North Dakota State University
Emily Leskinen, Asst Professor, Carthage College Julie Konik, Asst Professor, University of Wisconsin - Sheboygan
Lisa Marchiondo, Asst Professor, University of New Mexico Sandy Lim, Assoc Professor, National University of Singapore
Quyen Epstein-Ngo, Research Asst Professor, University of Michigan Kathi Miner, Assoc Professor, Texas A&M University
Nicky Newton, Asst Professor, Wilfrid Laurier University Sheryl Pimlott Kubiak, Professor, Michigan State University


Research Assistants

Sydney & Roman Cortina


Selected Publications

(click on underlined titles to see articles in full-text)

Holland, K.J., Cortina, L.M. & Freyd, J. (in press). Compelled disclosure of college sexual assault. American Psychologist.

Cortina, L.M., Kabat-Farr, D., Nelson, K. & Magley, V.M. (2017). Researching rudeness: The past, present, and future of the science of incivility. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 22, 299-313.

Kabat-Farr, D. & Cortina, L.M. (2017). Receipt of interpersonal citizenship: Fostering agentic emotion, cognition, and action in organizations. Journal of Applied Social Psychology47(2), 74-89.

Holland, K.J., Rabelo, V.C. & Cortina, L.M. (2016). See something, do something: Predicting sexual assault bystander intentions in the U.S. military. American Journal of Community Psychology, 58, 3-15.

Rabelo, V.C. & Cortina, L.M. (2016). Two sides of the same coin: Gender harassment and heterosexist harassment in LGBQ work lives. Law & Human Behavior, 38, 378-391.

Kabat-Farr, D. & Cortina. L.M. (2014). Sex-based harassment in employment: New insights into gender and context. Law & Human Behavior, 38, 58-72.

Marchiondo, L.A. & Cortina, L.M. (2014). Plus ça change…Women’s top occupational concerns during the Great Recession. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy.

Kabat-Farr, D. & Cortina, L.M. (2012). Selective incivility: Gender, race, and the discriminatory workplace. In S. Fox & T. Lituchy (Eds.), Gender and the Dysfunctional Workplace. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Cortina, L.M., Kabat-Farr, D., Leskinen, E., Huerta, M. & Magley, V.J.  (2011/2013). Selective incivility as modern discrimination in organizations: Evidence and impact. Journal of Management, 39, 1579-1605.****12-item Workplace Incivility Scale available in this article

Leskinen, E., Cortina, L.M. & Kabat, D. (2010). Gender harassment: Broadening our understanding of sex-based harassment at work. Law & Human Behavior, 35, 25–39. ****Article received 2012 AWP Distinguished Publication Award; 2011 AWP & SPW Prize for Psychological Research on Women and Gender, Honorable Mention. ****Article reviewed here.

Cortina, L.M. & Magley, V.J..  (2009). Patterns and profiles of response to incivility in organizations.  Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 14, 272-288.

Caza, B.B. & Cortina, L.M. (2008). From insult to injury: Explaining the impact of incivility. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 29, 335-350.

Cortina, L.M. (2008). Unseen injustice: Incivility as modern discrimination in organizations. Academy of Management Review.  Academy of Management Review, 33, 55-75.

Cortina, L.M. & Berdahl, J.L. (2008). Sexual harassment in organizations: A decade of research in review. In C. Cooper & J. Barling (Eds.), Handbook of Organizational Behavior: Micro Perspectives (pp. 469-497).  Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.

Konik, J. & Cortina, L.M. (2008). Policing gender at work: Intersections of harassment based on sex and sexuality. Social Justice Research, 21, 313-337.

Lim, S., Cortina, L.M., & Magley, V.J. (2008). Personal and workgroup incivility: Impact on work and health outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93, 95-107.

Miner-Rubino, K. & Cortina, L.M. (2008). Beyond targets: Consequences of vicarious exposure to misogyny at work. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92, 1254-1269.

Silverschanz, P., Konik, J., Cortina, L.M., Magley, V.J. (2008). Slurs, snubs and queer jokes: Incidence and impact of heterosexist harassment in academica. Sex Roles, 58, 179-191.

Huerta, M., Cortina, L.M., Pang, J.S., Torges, C., & Magley, V.J. (2006). Sex and power in the academy: Modeling sexual harassment in the lives of college women. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32, 616-628 .

Cortina, L.M. & Pimlott-Kubiak , S. (2006). Gender and PTSD: Sexual violence as an explanation for women's increased risk. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 115, 753-759 .

Cortina, L.M. & Wasti, S.A. (2005). Profiles in coping: Responses to sexual harassment across persons, organizations, and cultures. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90, 182-192.

Lim, S.G.P. & Cortina, L.M. (2005). Interpersonal mistreatment in the workplace: The interface and impact of general incivility and sexual harassment. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90, 483-496.

Cortina, L.M. (2004). Hispanic perspectives on sexual harassment and social support. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30 , 570-584.

Miner-Rubino, K. & Cortina, L.M.. (2004). Working in a context of hostility toward women: Implications for employees' wellbeing. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 9, 107-122.

Cortina, L.M. & Magley, V.J. (2003). Raising voice, risking retaliation: Events following mistreatment in the workplace. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 8, 247-265.

Pimlott-Kubiak, S. & Cortina, L.M. (2003). Gender, victimization, and outcomes: Reconceptualizing risk. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71, 528-539.

Bergman, M., Langhout, R.D., Palmieri, P., Cortina, L.M., & Fitzgerald, L.F.  (2002). The (un)reasonableness of reporting: Antecedents and consequences of reporting sexual harassment.  Journal of Applied Psychology, 87, 230-242.

Wasti, S.A. & Cortina, L.M. (2002). Coping in context: Sociocultural determinants of responses to sexual harassment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83 , 394-405.

Cortina, L.M. (2001). Assessing sexual harassment among Latinas: Development of an instrument. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 7 , 164-181.

Cortina, L.M., Magley, V.J., Williams, J.H., & Langhout, R.D. (2001). Incivility in the workplace: Incidence and impact. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 6 , 64-80. *****Original Workplace Incivility Scale (WIS) available in this article (revised, 12-item version of the WIS available in Cortina, Kabat-Farr, Leskinen, Huerta & Magley, 2011)


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