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Is stress exposure enough? The black-white mental health paradox and stress measurement

 

Theme: Mental Health Among Marginalized Communities
Project Title: Is stress exposure enough? The black-white mental health paradox and stress measurement
GranteeLauren Brown, NIA Postdoctoral Fellow at the Population Studies Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan
Grant Period: April-September 2020

Abstract
While African Americans demonstrate higher levels of chronic stress exposure and subsequent morbidity relative to whites, African Americans also have lower rates of common stress related psychopathology (i.e. anxiety and major depression), a paradox that the health disparities literature has failed to resolve. The purpose of this of this research is: (1) to improve our understanding of the black-white paradox in mental and physical health outcomes using a stress assessment that incorporates both exposure and appraisal, and (2) to develop a new measure of stress for population based surveys that includes the appraisal processes to better understand the distinct stress experience of minority groups, and specifically for aging African Americans.