“We no longer need to separate Paul from Judaism in order to claim his Christianness,” writes Gabriele Boccaccini, adding, “nor do we need to separate him from the early Jesus movement in order to state his Jewishness.” With this guiding principle, Boccaccini unpacks the implications of Paul’s “belonging” simultaneously to Judaism and Christianity to arrive at the surprising and provocative conclusion that there are in fact three means of salvation:
- For Jews, adherence to Torah.
- For gentiles, good works according to conscience and natural law.
- For all sinners, forgiveness through faith in Jesus Christ.
Paul’s Three Paths to Salvation is an attempt to reconcile the many facets of Paul’s complex identity while reclaiming him from accusations of intolerance, and Boccaccini’s work in reestablishing the figure of Paul as a messenger of God’s Mercy to the sinners is an important contribution to the ongoing conversation about Paul’s place in the contemporary pluralistic world.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: Paul the Jew and Paul the Christian
2. Paul the Convert Who Never Converted
3. Paul the Apocalyptic Jew
4. Paul the Messianic Jew
5. The Eschatological Gift of Forgiveness
6. The Divine Christology of Paul the Jew
7. Justified by Faith, Judged by Works
8. Paul the Apostle to the Gentiles
9. Summary and Conclusion