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Biology Major

Effective Winter 2019

Exclusions:

Students who elect a major in Biology may not elect the following majors: Biology, Health, and Society (formerly known as General Biology); Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology (MCDB - formerly known as Cellular & Molecular Biology or CMB); Cellular and Molecular Biomedical Science (formerly known as CMB:BME); Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Ecology, Evolution, and Biodiversity; Microbiology; Plant Biology; Biochemistry; Biomolecular Science; or Neuroscience. They also may not elect a minor in Biology; Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Plant Biology; Chemistry; or Biochemistry.

Advising

Students are advised by a combination of Undergraduate Biology Office staff and faculty department advisors. Advising topics include investigating majors, declaring a major, course planning, research and honors, major releases, graduate school and career advice. Students who are interested in the Program in Biology majors or minors should consult a general advisor during the freshman year, and are strongly encouraged to meet with a department advisor early in their academic career, but no later than the second term of their sophomore year. It is not necessary to complete every prerequisite before declaring a major.

To make an appointment, go to the Program in Biology website at www.lsa.umich.edu/biology.

Grade Policies

Total Credits and GPA Requirement for Biology:

Minimum 30 cr. in the Major.

Minimum 2.0 GPA in the Major.

GPA is calculated from all mandatory prerequisites, all courses used for major requirements (including cognates) and all courses in BIOLOGY, EEB, and MCDB.

The introductory biology sequence must be taken for a grade.  Prerequisites other than introductory biology may be taken pass/fail; however, it is not recommended, especially for chemistry. Remember that at least a C- must be earned to pass a course taken pass/fail. 

Courses used for the major may not be taken pass/fail.

Prerequisites

Introductory Biology Sequence:
Choose A, B, or C:

    1. BIOLOGY 171, BIOLOGY 172 or 174, & BIOLOGY 173; or
    2. BIOLOGY 195 (AP/IB) & BIOLOGY 173; or
    3. BIOLOGY 191 (transfer credit), BIOLOGY 192, & BIOLOGY 173

Chemistry Sequence:

  • CHEM 210 & 211; and,
  • CHEM 215 & 216


Quantitative Analysis Sequence:

  • CALCULUS I: MATH 115, 120 (AP), 175, 185, or 295; and,
  • One course from MATH 116, 121 (AP), 156, 176, 186, or 296; STATS 180 (AP),  206 (only if elected F20 or later), 250 or 280; STATS 400-level or above (min. 3 credits); BIOLOGY 202; BIOPHYS / PHYSICS 290; EECS 183, 203 or 280; EARTH 468; or other course with a MATH 115 prereq. chosen in consultation with a major advisor.

[Note: Any course used to fulfill this requirement cannot also be used as a major elective; i.e., a course cannot "double-count."]


Physics Sequence:

  • Physics I (lecture & lab): One of the following combinations: PHYSICS 125 & 127; 135 & 136; 140 & 141; or 160 & 161.  PHYSICS 139 (AP) will also fulfill this requirement.
  • Physics II (lecture & lab): One of the following combinations: PHYSICS 126 & 128; 235 & 236; 240 & 241; or 260 & 261.  PHYSICS 239 (AP) will also fulfill this requirement.

Requirements

Minimum Credits: 30

Biology Group Options

(Courses with an asterisk (*) may overlap with the lab requirement):

Choose from one Group I and one from Group II:

  • Group I - MCDB Elective: Choose 1 from: BIOLOGY 205, BIOLOGY 207*, BIOLOGY 222, BIOLOGY 225, or BIOLOGY 230*; BIOLOGY 272; and,
  • Group II - EEB Elective: Choose 1 from: BIOLOGY 207*, BIOLOGY 230*, BIOLOGY 252*, BIOLOGY 255*, BIOLOGY 256, BIOLOGY 281, BIOLOGY 288*, or EEB 381*

Required Courses
(Courses with an asterisk (*) may overlap with the lab requirement):

  • Genetics: BIOLOGY 305
  • Biochemistry: Choose from: MCDB 310, BIOLCHEM 415, or CHEM 351
  • Evolution: EEB 390, 391, or 392*

Upper-Level Elective
(May overlap with the lab requirement):

Choose one course in EEB or MCDB at the 300- or 400- level

  • EEB / MCDB 301, EEB/MCDB 302, EEB/MCDB 399, EEB/MCDB 499, MCDB 412, MCDB 461 (only if elected WN21 or later) and a non-specific (departmental) transfer courses are EXCLUDED.
  • EEB / MCDB 300 or 400 (Independent Research), elected for a minimum of 3 credits in a single term, may be used to fulfill this requirement. (3 credit max. applies; see CONSTRAINTS below.)

Lab Courses for Biology
(This requirement may OVERLAP with other major reqs.):

3 courses with labs are required.  Choose from BIOLOGY 207, 226, 230, 252, 255, 288; EEB 300*, 313, 320, 321, 330, 341, 348, 372, 381, 392, 400*, 405, 416, 431, 433, 436, 441, 443, 450, 451, 453, 455, 457, 468, 477, 482, 483, 486, 489, 493, 556; MCDB 300*, 306, 308, 400*, 416, 419, 423, 424, 429.
*EEB / MCDB 300 or 400 (Independent Research), elected for a minimum of 3 credits in a single term, may be used to fulfill a lab requirement. (3 credit max. applies; see CONSTRAINTS below.)

Additional Course(s):
Choose additional BIOLOGY, EEB, and MCDB courses at the 200-, 300-, or 400-level, to reach 30 major credit hours.

  • BIOLOGY 241, BIOLOGY 299, EEB / MCDB 301, EEB / MCDB 302, MCDB 412, MCDB 600, and non-specific (departmental) transfer courses are EXCLUDED.
  • A maximum of two approved cognate courses may be used as additional courses: ANTHRBIO 365, 368, ANTHRBIO / ENVIRON 461; BIOLCHEM 650; BIOMEDE 231; CHEM 230 and above; CLIMATE / EARTH / SPACE 320; CMPLXSYS 501, 530; EARTH 418, 436, 437; EARTH / ENVIRON 450, 453; ENVIRON 310, 317; EPID 543, 560; HUMGEN 541; MATH 200 and above; MICRBIOL / IMMUN 440; MICRBIOL 405, 415, 430, 460; PHRMACOL 310, 425; PHYSICS / BIOPHYS 290* (only if not used as a prerequisite); PSYCH 337, 338; STATS 401, 412, 425.

Constraints

  • Prerequisites, introductory science courses, and non-specific (departmental) transfer courses are EXCLUDED from the 30 cr. required for the major.
  • A maximum of three credits of independent research (BIOLOGY 200, EEB/MCDB 300 or 400 or MCDB 360, 361, or 461 if elected FA19 or later) may be counted toward the major.

 

Distribution Policy

No course used to fulfill a major requirement may be used toward the LSA Distribution Requirement. In addition, courses in the BIOLOGY, EEB, MCDB, and MICRBIOL subject areas may not be used toward the Distribution Requirement.

Honors

The Program in Biology administers an Honors major to train students to conduct independent research in the biological sciences.  Participating in the Honors major allows students to develop their research skills, deepen their understanding of the field, and form productive relationships with faculty and other students. The achievement is noted on the diploma and official transcript.

In addition to completing all the requirements for the major, an honors degree requires:

  1. an overall and major GPA of at least 3.4, and
  2. the completion of a significant piece of independent research that is
    1. reported in an honors thesis and
    2. presented in a public forum.

For more information, consult the Program in Biology Honors Information page or a Program in Biology advisor.

Biology (Major) (Fall 2018)

Effective Fall 2018

Exclusions:

Students who elect a major in Biology may not elect the following majors: Biology, Health, and Society (formerly known as General Biology); Cellular and Molecular Biology; CMB:BME, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Ecology, Evolution, and Biodiversity, Microbiology; Plant Biology; Biochemistry; Biomolecular Science; or Neuroscience. They may also not elect a minor in Biology; Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Plant Biology; Chemistry; or Biochemistry.

Advising

Students are advised by a combination of Undergraduate Biology Office staff and faculty department advisors. Advising topics include investigating majors, declaring a major, course planning, research and honors, major releases, graduate school and career advice. Students who are interested in the Program in Biology majors or minors should consult a general advisor during the freshman year, and are strongly encouraged to meet with a department advisor early in their academic career, but no later than the second term of their sophomore year. It is not necessary to complete every prerequisite before declaring a major.

To make an appointment, go to the Program in Biology website at www.lsa.umich.edu/biology.

Grade Policies

Total Credits and GPA Requirement for Biology:

Minimum 30 cr. in the Major.

Minimum 2.0 GPA in the Major.

GPA is calculated from all mandatory prerequisites, all courses used for major requirements (including cognates) and all courses in BIOLOGY, EEB, and MCDB.

The introductory biology sequence must be taken for a grade.  Prerequisites other than introductory biology may be taken pass/fail; however, it is not recommended, especially for chemistry. Remember that at least a C- must be earned to pass a course taken pass/fail. 

Courses used for the major may not be taken pass/fail.

Prerequisites

Introductory Biology Sequence:
Choose A, B, or C:

    1. BIOLOGY 171, BIOLOGY 172 or 174, & BIOLOGY 173; or
    2. BIOLOGY 195 (AP/IB) & BIOLOGY 173; or
    3. BIOLOGY 191 (transfer credit), BIOLOGY 192, & BIOLOGY 173

Chemistry Sequence:

  • CHEM 210 & 211; and,
  • CHEM 215 & 216


Quantitative Analysis Sequence:

  • CALCULUS I: MATH 115, 120 (AP), 175, 185, or 295; and,
  • One course from MATH 116, 121 (AP), 156, 176, 186, or 296; STATS 180 (AP), 206 (only if elected F20 or later), 250 or 280; STATS 400-level or above (min. 3 credits); BIOLOGY 202; BIOPHYS / PHYSICS 290; EECS 183, 203 or 280; EARTH 468; or other course with a MATH 115 prereq. chosen in consultation with a major advisor. [Note: Any course used to fulfill this requirement cannot also be used as a major elective; i.e., a course cannot "double-count."]


Physics Sequence:

  • Physics I (lecture & lab): One of the following combinations: PHYSICS 125 & 127, 135 & 136, 140 & 141, or 160 & 161.  PHYSICS 139 (AP) will also fulfill this requirement.
  • Physics II (lecture & lab): One of the following combinations: PHYSICS 126 & 128, 235 & 236, 240 & 241, or 260 & 261.  PHYSICS 239 (AP) will also fulfill this requirement.

Requirements

Minimum Credits: 30

Biology Group Options

(Courses with an asterisk (*) may overlap with the lab requirement):

Choose from one Group I and one from Group II:

  • Group I - MCDB Elective: Choose 1 from: BIOLOGY 205, BIOLOGY 207*, BIOLOGY 222, BIOLOGY 225, or BIOLOGY 230*; BIOLOGY 272; and,
  • Group II - EEB Elective: Choose 1 from: BIOLOGY 207*, BIOLOGY 230*, BIOLOGY 252*, BIOLOGY 255*, BIOLOGY 256, BIOLOGY 281, BIOLOGY 288*, or EEB 381*

Required Courses
(Courses with an asterisk (*) may overlap with the lab requirement):

  • Genetics: BIOLOGY 305
  • Biochemistry: Choose from: MCDB 310, BIOLCHEM 415, or CHEM 351
  • Evolution: EEB 390, 391, or 392*

Upper-Level Elective
(May overlap with the lab requirement):

Choose one course in EEB or MCDB at the 300- or 400- level

  • EEB / MCDB 301, EEB/MCDB 302, EEB/MCDB 399, EEB/MCDB 499, MCDB 412,  MCDB 461 (only if elected WN21 or later) and a non-specific (departmental) transfer courses are EXCLUDED.
  • EEB / MCDB 300 or 400 (Independent Research), elected for a minimum of 3 credits in a single term, may be used to fulfill this requirement. (3 credit max. applies; see CONSTRAINTS below.)

Lab Courses for Biology
(This requirement may OVERLAP with other major reqs.):

3 courses with labs are required.  Choose from BIOLOGY 207, 226, 230, 252, 255, 288; EEB 300*, 313, 320, 321, 330, 341, 348, 372, 381, 392, 400*, 405, 416, 431, 433, 436, 441, 443, 450, 451, 453, 455, 457, 459, 463, 468, 477, 482, 483, 486, 489, 493, 556; MCDB 300*, 306, 308, 400*, 413 (only through Fall 2018), 416, 419, 423, 424, 429.
*EEB / MCDB 300 or 400 (Independent Research), elected for a minimum of 3 credits in a single term, may be used to fulfill a lab requirement. (3 credit max. applies; see CONSTRAINTS below.)

Additional Course(s):
Choose additional BIOLOGY, EEB, and MCDB courses at the 200- level and above, to reach 30 major credit hours.

  • BIOLOGY 241, BIOLOGY 299 (only if elected after Winter 2019),  EEB / MCDB 301, EEB / MCDB 302, EEB / MCDB 800, MCDB 412, and non-specific (departmental) transfer courses are EXCLUDED.
  • A maximum of two approved cognate courses may be used as additional courses: ANTHRBIO 365, 368, ANTHRBIO / ENVIRON 461; BIOLCHEM 650; BIOMEDE 231; CHEM 230 and above; CLIMATE / EARTH / SPACE 320; CMPLXSYS 501, 530; EARTH 418, 436, 437; EARTH / ENVIRON 450, 453; ENVIRON 310, 317; EPID 543, 560; HUMGEN 541; MATH 200 and above; MICRBIOL / IMMUN 440; MICRBIOL 405, 415, 430, 460; PHRMACOL 310, 425; PHYSICS / BIOPHYS 290* (only if not used as a prerequisite); PSYCH 337, 338; STATS 401, 412, 425.

Constraints

  • Prerequisites, introductory science courses, and non-specific (departmental) transfer courses are EXCLUDED from the 30 cr. required for the major.
  • A maximum of three credits of independent research (BIOLOGY 200, EEB/MCDB 300 or 400 or MCDB 360, 361, or 461 if elected FA19 or later) may be counted toward the major.

 

Distribution Policy

No course used to fulfill a major requirement may be used toward the LSA Distribution Requirement. In addition, courses in the BIOLOGY, EEB, MCDB, and MICRBIOL subject areas may not be used toward the Distribution Requirement.

Honors

The Program in Biology administers an Honors major to train students to conduct independent research in the biological sciences.  Participating in the Honors major allows students to develop their research skills, deepen their understanding of the field, and form productive relationships with faculty and other students.  The achievement is noted on the diploma and official transcript.

In addition to completing all the requirements for the major, an honors degree requires:

  1. a major GPA of at least 3.4, and
  2. the completion of a significant piece of independent research that is
    1. reported in an honors thesis and
    2. presented in a public forum.

For more information, consult the Program in Biology Honors Information page or a Program in Biology advisor.

Biology (Major) (Winter 2017 - Summer 2018)

Effective Winter 2017

Exclusions:

Students who elect a major in Biology may not elect the following majors: Biology, Health, and Society (formerly known as General Biology); Cellular and Molecular Biology; CMB:BME, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Ecology, Evolution, and Biodiversity, Microbiology; Plant Biology; Biochemistry; Biomolecular Science; or Neuroscience. They may also not elect a minor in Biology; Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Plant Biology; Chemistry; or Biochemistry.

Advising

Students are advised by a combination of Undergraduate Biology Office staff and faculty department advisors. Advising topics include investigating majors, declaring a major, course planning, research and honors, major releases, graduate school and career advice. Students who are interested in the Program in Biology majors or minors should consult a general advisor during the freshman year, and are strongly encouraged to meet with a department advisor early in their academic career, but no later than the second term of their sophomore year. It is not necessary to complete every prerequisite before declaring a major.

To make an appointment, go to the Program in Biology website at www.lsa.umich.edu/biology.

Grade Policies

Total Credits and GPA Requirement for Biology:

Minimum 30 cr. in the Major.

Minimum 2.0 GPA in the Major.

GPA is calculated from all mandatory prerequisites, all courses used for major requirements (including cognates) and all courses in BIOLOGY, EEB, and MCDB.

The introductory biology sequence must be taken for a grade.  Prerequisites other than introductory biology may be taken pass/fail; however, it is not recommended, especially for chemistry. Remember that at least a C- must be earned to pass a course taken pass/fail. 

Courses used for the major may not be taken pass/fail.

Prerequisites

Introductory Biology Sequence:
Choose A or B:

    1. BIOLOGY 171, 172 or 174, & 173; or,
    2. BIOLOGY 195 (AP) & 173

Chemistry Sequence:

  • CHEM 210 & 211; and,
  • CHEM 215 & 216


Quantitative Analysis Sequence:

  • CALCULUS I: MATH 115, 120 (AP), 175, 185, or 295; and,
  • One course from MATH 116, 121 (AP), 156, 176, 186, or 296; STATS 180, 206 (only if elected F20 or later),250 or 280; STATS 400-level or above (min. 3 credits); BIOLOGY 202; BIOPHYS/PHYSICS 290; EECS 183 (W18), 203 or 280; EARTH 468; or other course with a MATH 115 prereq. chosen in consultation with a major advisor. [Note: Any course used to fulfill this requirement cannot also be used as a major elective; i.e., a course cannot "double-count."]


Physics Sequence:

  • Physics I (lecture & lab): One of the following combinations: PHYSICS 125 & 127, 135 & 136, 140 & 141, or 160 & 161.  PHYSICS 139 (AP) will also fulfill this requirement.
  • Physics II (lecture & lab): One of the following combinations: PHYSICS 126 & 128, 235 & 236, 240 & 241, or 260 & 261.  PHYSICS 239 (AP) will also fulfill this requirement.

Requirements

Minimum Credits: 30

Biology Group Options

(Courses with an asterisk (*) may overlap with the lab requirement):

Choose from one Group I and one from Group II:

  • Group I - MCDB Elective: Choose 1 from: BIOLOGY 205, BIOLOGY 207*, BIOLOGY 222, BIOLOGY 225, or BIOLOGY 230*; BIOLOGY 272; and,
  • Group II - EEB Elective: Choose 1 from: BIOLOGY 207, BIOLOGY 230*, BIOLOGY 252*, BIOLOGY 255*, BIOLOGY 256, BIOLOGY 281, BIOLOGY 288*, or EEB 381*

Required Courses
(Courses with an asterisk (*) may overlap with the lab requirement):

  • Genetics: BIOLOGY 305
  • Biochemistry: Choose from: MCDB 310, BIOLCHEM 415, or CHEM 351
  • Evolution: EEB 390, 391, or 392*

Upper-Level Elective
(May overlap with the lab requirement):

Choose one course in EEB or MCDB at the 300- or 400- level

  • EEB/MCDB 301, EEB/MCDB 302, EEB/MCDB 399, EEB/MCDB 499, MCDB 412, MCDB 461 (only if elected WN21 or later) and a non-specific (departmental) transfer courses are EXCLUDED.
  • EEB/MCDB 300 or 400 (Independent Research), elected for a minimum of 3 credits in a single term, may be used to fulfill this requirement. (3 credit max. applies; see CONSTRAINTS below.)

Lab Courses for Biology
(This requirement may OVERLAP with other major reqs.):

3 courses with labs are required.  Choose from BIOLOGY 207, 226, 230, 252, 255, 288; EEB 300*, 313, 320, 321, 330, 341, 348, 372, 381, 392, 400*, 405, 416, 431, 433, 436, 441, 442 (only through SU17), 443, 450, 451, 453, 455, 457, 459, 463, 468, 477, 482, 483, 486, 489, 493, 556; MCDB 300*, 306, 308, 400*, 413 (only through Fall 2018), 416, 419, 423, 424, 429.
*EEB/MCDB 300 or 400 (Independent Research), elected for a minimum of 3 credits in a single term, may be used to fulfill a lab requirement. (3 credit max. applies; see CONSTRAINTS below.)

Additional Course(s):
Choose additional BIOLOGY, EEB, and MCDB courses at the 200- level and above, to reach 30 major credit hours.

  • BIOLOGY 241, BIOLOGY 262, BIOLOGY 299 (only if elected after Winter 2019), EEB/MCDB 301, EEB/MCDB 302, EEB/MCDB 800, MCDB 412, and non-specific (departmental) transfer courses are EXCLUDED.
  • A maximum of two approved cognate courses may be used as additional courses: ANTHRBIO 365, 368; BIOLCHEM 650; BIOMEDE 231; CHEM 230 and above; CMPLXSYS 501, 530; EARTH 418, 436, 437; EARTH/ENVIRON 450; EARTH/CLIMATE/SPACE 320; ENVIRON 310, 317, 453; ENVIRON/ANTHRBIO 461; EPID 543, 560; HUMGEN 541; MATH 200 and above; MICRBIOL/IMMUN 440; MICRBIOL 405, 415, 430, 460; PHARMACOL 425; PHYSICS as approved; PHYSICS/BIOPHYS 290* (only if not used as a prerequisite); PSYCH 332, 337, 338, 530; STATS 400, 401, 412; STATS/MATH 425.

Constraints

  • Prerequisites, introductory science courses, and non-specific (departmental) transfer courses are EXCLUDED from the 30 cr. required for the major.
  • A maximum of three credits of independent research (BIOLOGY 200, EEB/MCDB 300 or 400 or MCDB 360, 361, or 461 if elected FA19 or later) may be counted toward the major.

 

Distribution Policy

No course used to fulfill a major requirement may be used toward the LSA Distribution Requirement. In addition, courses in the BIOLOGY, EEB, MCDB, and MICRBIOL subject areas may not be used toward the Distribution Requirement.

Honors

The Program in Biology administers an Honors major to train students to conduct independent research in the biological sciences.  Participating in the Honors major allows students to develop their research skills, deepen their understanding of the field, and form productive relationships with faculty and other students.  The achievement is noted on the diploma and official transcript.

In addition to completing all the requirements for the major, an honors degree requires:

  1. a major GPA of at least 3.4, and
  2. the completion of a significant piece of independent research that is
    1. reported in an honors thesis and
    2. presented in a public forum.

For more information, consult the Program in Biology Honors Information page or a Program in Biology advisor.

Biology (Major) (Fall 2015 - Fall 2016)

Effective Fall 2015

Exclusions:

Students who elect a major in Biology may not elect the following majors: General Biology; Cellular and Molecular Biology; CMB:BME, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Ecology, Evolution, and Biodiversity, Microbiology; Plant Biology; Biochemistry; Biomolecular Science; or Neuroscience. They may also not elect a minor in Biology; Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Plant Biology; Chemistry; or Biochemistry.

Advising

Students are advised by a combination of Undergraduate Biology Office staff and faculty department advisors. Advising topics include investigating majors, declaring a major, course planning, research and honors, major releases, graduate school and career advice. Students who are interested in the Program in Biology majors or minors should consult a general advisor during the freshman year, and are strongly encouraged to meet with a department advisor early in their academic career, but no later than the second term of their sophomore year. It is not necessary to complete every prerequisite before declaring a major.

To make an appointment, go to the Program in Biology website at www.lsa.umich.edu/biology.

Grade Policies

Total Credits and GPA Requirement for Biology:

Minimum 30 cr. in the Major.

Minimum 2.0 GPA in the Major.

GPA is calculated from all mandatory prerequisites, all courses used for major requirements (including cognates) and all courses in BIOLOGY, EEB, and MCDB.

Prerequisites

Introductory Biology Sequence:
Choose A or B:

    1. BIOLOGY 171, 172 or 174, & 173; or,
    2. BIOLOGY 195 (AP) & 173

Chemistry Sequence:

  • CHEM 210 & 211; and,
  • CHEM 215 & 216


Quantitative Analysis Sequence:

  • CALCULUS I: MATH 115, 120 (AP), 175, 185, or 295; and,
  • One course from MATH 116, 121 (AP), 156, 176, 186, or 296; STATS 180, 206 (only if elected F20 or later),250 or 280; STATS 400-level or above (min. 3 credits); BIOLOGY 202; BIOPHYS/PHYSICS 290; EECS 203 or 280; EARTH 468; or other course with a MATH 115 prereq. chosen in consultation with a major advisor. [Note: Any course used to fulfill this requirement cannot also be used as a major elective; i.e., a course cannot "double-count."]


Physics Sequence:

  • Physics I (lecture & lab): One of the following combinations: PHYSICS 125 & 127, 135 & 136, 140 & 141, or 160 & 161.  PHYSICS 139 (AP) will also fulfill this requirement.
  • Physics II (lecture & lab): One of the following combinations: PHYSICS 126 & 128, 235 & 236, 240 & 241, or 260 & 261.  PHYSICS 239 (AP) will also fulfill this requirement.

Requirements

Minimum Credits: 30

Biology Group Options

(Courses with an asterisk (*) may overlap with the lab requirement):

Choose from one Group I and one from Group II:

  • Group I - MCDB Elective: Choose 1 from: BIOLOGY 205, BIOLOGY 207*, BIOLOGY 222, BIOLOGY 225, or BIOLOGY 230*; and,
  • Group II - EEB Elective: Choose 1 from: BIOLOGY 230*, BIOLOGY 252*, BIOLOGY 255*, BIOLOGY 256, BIOLOGY 281, BIOLOGY 288*, or EEB 381*

Required Courses
(Courses with an asterisk (*) may overlap with the lab requirement):

  • Genetics: BIOLOGY 305
  • Biochemistry: Choose from: MCDB 310, BIOLCHEM 415, or CHEM 351
  • Evolution: EEB 390, 391, or 392*

Upper-Level Elective
(May overlap with the lab requirement):

Choose one course in EEB or MCDB at the 300- or 400- level

  • EEB/MCDB 301, EEB/MCDB 302, EEB/MCDB 399, EEB/MCDB 499, MCDB 412, MCDB 461 (only if elected WN21 or later) and a non-specific (departmental) transfer courses are EXCLUDED.
  • EEB/MCDB 300 or 400 (Independent Research), elected for a minimum of 3 credits in a single term, may be used to fulfill this requirement. (3 credit max. applies; see CONSTRAINTS below.)

Lab Courses for Biology
(This requirement may OVERLAP with other major reqs.):

3 courses with labs are required.  Choose from BIOLOGY 207, 226, 230, 252, 255, 288; EEB 300*, 313, 320, 321, 330, 341, 348, 372, 381, 392, 400*, 405, 416, 431, 433, 436, 441, 442, 443, 450, 451, 453, 455, 457, 459, 463, 468, 477, 482, 483, 486, 489, 493, 556; MCDB 300*, 306, 308, 400*, 413 (only through Fall 2018), 416, 419, 423, 424, 429.
*EEB/MCDB 300 or 400 (Independent Research), elected for a minimum of 3 credits in a single term, may be used to fulfill a lab requirement. (3 credit max. applies; see CONSTRAINTS below.)

Additional Course(s):
Choose additional BIOLOGY, EEB, and MCDB courses at the 200- level and above, to reach 30 major credit hours.

  • BIOLOGY 241, BIOLOGY 262, BIOLOGY 299 (only if elected after Winter 2019), EEB/MCDB 301, EEB/MCDB 302, EEB/MCDB 800, MCDB 412, and non-specific (departmental) transfer courses are EXCLUDED.
  • A maximum of two approved cognate courses may be used as additional courses: ANTHRBIO 365, 368; ANTHRBIO/ENVIRON 461; BIOLCHEM 650; BIOMEDE 231; CHEM 230 and above; CLIMATE/EARTH/SPACE 320; CMPLXSYS 501, 530; EARTH 418, 436, 437; EARTH/ENVIRON 450, 453; ENVIRON 310, 317; EPID 543, 560; HUMGEN 541; MATH 200 and above; MICRBIOL/IMMUN 440; MICRBIOL 405, 415, 430, 460; PHARMACOL 425; PHYSICS/BIOPHYS 290; PHYSICS as approved; PSYCH 337, 338; STATS 401, 412, 425.

Constraints

  • Prerequisites, introductory science courses, and non-specific (departmental) transfer courses are EXCLUDED from the 30 cr. required for the major.
  • A maximum of three credits of independent research (BIOLOGY 200, EEB/MCDB 300 or 400 or MCDB 360, 361, or 461 if elected FA19 or later) may be counted toward the major.

Distribution Policy

No course used to fulfill a major requirement may be used toward the LSA Distribution Requirement. In addition, courses in the BIOLOGY, EEB, MCDB, and MICRBIOL subject areas may not be used toward the Distribution Requirement.

Honors

The Program in Biology administers an Honors Program to train students to conduct independent research in the biological sciences.  Participating in the honors program allows students to develop their research skills, deepen their understanding of the field, and form productive relationships with faculty and other students.  The achievement is noted on the diploma and official transcript.

In addition to completing all the requirements for the major, an honors degree requires:

  1. a major GPA of at least 3.4, and
  2. the completion of a significant piece of independent research that is
  3. reported in an honors thesis and
  4. presented in a public forum.

For more information, consult the Program in Biology Honors Program Information page or a Program in Biology advisor.

Biology Major (Winter 2015-Summer 2015)

Effective Winter 2015-Summer 2015

May be elected as an interdepartmental major

Exclusions: Students who elect a major in Biology may not elect the following majors: General Biology; Cell and Molecular Biology; Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Microbiology; Plant Biology; Biochemistry; Biomolecular Science; or Neuroscience.   They may also not elect a minor in Biology; Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Plant Biology; Chemistry; or Biochemistry.

This major program develops an appreciation of the levels of organization of life, its diversity, and the processes by which life has achieved its present forms. The program is recommended for those who wish to study biology as part of a liberal education, to prepare for a teaching career in secondary schools, or to prepare for graduate study in biology or the health professions.

Prerequisites to the Major

  • BIOLOGY 171, 172/174, and 173; or
    BIOLOGY 195 and 173
  • PHYSICS 125/127 and 126/128; or
    PHYSICS 135/136 and 235/236; or
    PHYSICS 140/141 and 240/241
  • CHEM 210/211 and 215/216;
  • Quantitative Analysis 1: One of MATH 115, 120, 156, 175, 185, or 295
  • Quantitative Analysis 2: One of
    • MATH 116, 121, 255, 176, 186, or 296
    • STATS 250; 400-level or above
    • BIOPHYS 290 / PHYSICS 290
    • EECS 203 or 280
    • EARTH 468
    • Any other course with a MATH 115 prerequisite chosen in consultation with a major advisor
    [Note: any course used to meet this requirement cannot also be used as a major elective, i.e., a course cannot “double count”.]

Requirements for the Major

 30 credits, distributed as follows :

  1.  Select at least one course from each of two groups I-II. (See Course Listings I-II for the available courses in each group.) Students should enroll in these courses as early as possible
    1.  Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology: 
      • BIOLOGY 205      (3) Developmental Biology
      • BIOLOGY 207*    (4) Introductory Microbiology
      • BIOLOGY 225      (3) Animal Physiology
      • BIOLOGY 230      (4) Introductory Plant Biology
        Note: Students taking BIOLOGY 225 also are encouraged to take BIOLOGY 226* - Animal Physiology Laboratory (2 credits).
    2. Ecology, Evolution, and Organismal Biology: 
      • BIOLOGY 230*    (4) Introduction to Plant Biology
      • BIOLOGY 252*    (4) Chordate Anatomy/Phylogeny
      • BIOLOGY 255*    (4) Plant Diversity
      • BIOLOGY 256      (4) Animals Functioning in Environments
      • BIOLOGY 281      (3) General Ecology
      • BIOLOGY 288*    (4) Animal Diversity
      • BIOLOGY 381*    (5) General Ecology (SU at U-M Biological Stations)
        Note: Students taking BIOLOGY 281 also are encouraged to take EEB  372* -- General Ecology Lab (3 credits).
    3. An asterisk (*) indicates a laboratory course or a lecture course with a laboratory component

  2. Required courses in genetics, biochemistry, and evolution: 
    1.  Genetics: BIOLOGY 305;
    2. Biochemistry: one of MCDB 310, BIOLCHEM 415, or CHEM 351
    3.  Evolution: EEB 390 or 391;  or EEB 392* (UMBS) (effective Winter 2016, retroactive to Fall 2008)
  3.  Electives and Cognates
    1. Select one course in EEB or MCDB at the 300- or 400-level 
    2. Select additional Biology, EEB, or MCDB courses at the 200-level or above to bring the major total to at least 30 credits. Two advisor-approved cognate courses may be used.
    3. Exclusions:  EEB 301, 302, 399 (effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2008), 499 (effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2018), MCDB 301, 302, 399 (effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2008), 412, 499 (effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2018)
  4. Three laboratory or field courses in biology beyond the introductory level.  Library "research" and introductory biology laboratories do not qualify.  A maximum of three credits of independent research (EEB 300 or 400, or MCDB 300 or 400), under the direct supervision of a faculty member, or, under a faculty member of another University of Michigan department with an EEB or MCDB faculty co-sponsor, may be used as one of the laboratory experiences.  Three credits of independent research must be completed in one term to satisfy a laboratory requirement.

    This requirement overlaps with other requirements (above) 
    (Effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2008). 

    A maximum of three credits of any independent study course may count toward the major program.  

Biology Major (Fall 2014)

Effective Fall 2014

May be elected as an interdepartmental major

Exclusions: Students who elect a major in Biology may not elect the following majors: General Biology; Cell and Molecular Biology; Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Microbiology; Plant Biology; Biochemistry; Biomolecular Science; or Neuroscience.   They may also not elect a minor in Biology; Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Plant Biology; Chemistry; or Biochemistry.

This major program develops an appreciation of the levels of organization of life, its diversity, and the processes by which life has achieved its present forms. The program is recommended for those who wish to study biology as part of a liberal education, to prepare for a teaching career in secondary schools, or to prepare for graduate study in biology or the health professions.

Prerequisites to the Major

  •  BIOLOGY 171, 172/174 and 173; or BIOLOGY 195 and 173;
  •  CHEMISTRY 210/211 and CHEMISTRY 215/216;
  • MATH 115 and 116;
  •  PHYSICS 125/127 and 126/128; or PHYSICS 135/136 and 235/236; or PHYSICS 140/141 and 240/241.

Requirements for the Major

 30 credits, distributed as follows :

  1.  Select at least one course from each of two groups I-II. (See Course Listings I-II for the available courses in each group.) Students should enroll in these courses as early as possible
    1.  Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology: 
      • BIOLOGY 205      (3) Developmental Biology
      • BIOLOGY 207*    (4) Introductory Microbiology
      • BIOLOGY 225      (3) Animal Physiology
      • BIOLOGY 230      (4) Introductory Plant Biology
        Note: Students taking BIOLOGY 225 also are encouraged to take BIOLOGY 226* - Animal Physiology Laboratory (2 credits).
    2. Ecology, Evolution, and Organismal Biology: 
      • BIOLOGY 230*    (4) Introduction to Plant Biology
      • BIOLOGY 252*    (4) Chordate Anatomy/Phylogeny
      • BIOLOGY 255*    (4) Plant Diversity
      • BIOLOGY 256      (4) Animals Functioning in Environments
      • BIOLOGY 281      (3) General Ecology
      • BIOLOGY 288*    (4) Animal Diversity
      • BIOLOGY 381*    (5) General Ecology (SU at U-M Biological Stations)
        Note: Students taking BIOLOGY 281 also are encouraged to take EEB  372* -- General Ecology Lab (3 credits).
    3. An asterisk (*) indicates a laboratory course or a lecture course with a laboratory component

  2. Required courses in genetics, biochemistry, and evolution: 
    1.  Genetics: BIOLOGY 305;
    2. Biochemistry: one of MCDB 310, BIOLCHEM 415, or CHEM 351
    3.  Evolution: EEB 390 or 391;  or EEB 392* (UMBS) (effective Winter 2016, retroactive to Fall 2008)
  3.  Electives and Cognates
    1. Select one course in EEB or MCDB at the 300- or 400-level.
    2. Select additional Biology, EEB, or MCDB courses at the 200-level or above to bring the major total to at least 30 credits. Two advisor-approved cognate courses may be used.
    3. Exclusions:  EEB 302, 399 (effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2008), 499 (effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2018), MCDB 302,  399 (effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2008), 412, 499 (effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2018)
  4. Three laboratory or field courses in biology beyond the introductory level.  Library "research" and introductory biology laboratories do not qualify.  A maximum of three credits of independent research (EEB 300 or 400, or MCDB 300 or 400), under the direct supervision of a faculty member, or, under a faculty member of another University of Michigan department with an EEB or MCDB faculty co-sponsor, may be used as one of the laboratory experiences.  Three credits of independent research must be completed in one term to satisfy a laboratory requirement.

    This requirement overlaps with other requirements (above) 
    (Effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2008). 

    A maximum of three credits of any independent study course may count toward the major program.  

Biology Major (Fall 2013-Summer 2014)

Effective Fall 2013-Summer 2014

May be elected as an interdepartmental major

Exclusions: Students who elect a major in Biology may not elect the following majors: General Biology; Cell and Molecular Biology; Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Microbiology; Plant Biology; Biochemistry; or Neuroscience.   They may also not elect a minor in Biology; Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Plant Biology; Chemistry; or Biochemistry.

This major program develops an appreciation of the levels of organization of life, its diversity, and the processes by which life has achieved its present forms. The program is recommended for those who wish to study biology as part of a liberal education, to prepare for a teaching career in secondary schools, or to prepare for graduate study in biology or the health professions.

Prerequisites to the Major.

  •  BIOLOGY 171, 172/174 and 173; or BIOLOGY 195 and 173;
  •  CHEMISTRY 210/211 and CHEMISTRY 215/216;
  • MATH 115 and 116;
  •  PHYSICS 125/127 and 126/128; or PHYSICS 135/136 and 235/236; or PHYSICS 140/141 and 240/241.

Program of study in a major. 30 credits (Students who have taken BIOLOGY 162 or 163 must take 33 credits to complete the major), distributed as follows :

  1.  Select at least one course from each of two groups I-II. (See Course Listings I-II for the available courses in each group.) Students should enroll in these courses as early as possible
    1.  Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology: 
      • BIOLOGY 205      (3) Developmental Biology
      • BIOLOGY 207*    (4) Introductory Microbiology
      • BIOLOGY 222      (3) Introduction to Neurobiology
      • BIOLOGY 225      (3) Animal Physiology
      • BIOLOGY 230      (4) Introductory Plant Biology
        Note: Students taking BIOLOGY 225 also are encouraged to take BIOLOGY 226* - Animal Physiology Laboratory (2 credits).
    2. Ecology, Evolution, and Organismal Biology: 
      • BIOLOGY 230*    (4) Introduction to Plant Biology
      • BIOLOGY 252*    (4) Chordate Anatomy/Phylogeny
      • BIOLOGY 255*    (4) Plant Diversity
      • BIOLOGY 256      (4) Animals Functioning in Environments
      • BIOLOGY 281      (3) General Ecology
      • BIOLOGY 288*    (4) Animal Diversity
      • BIOLOGY 381*    (5) General Ecology (SU at U-M Biological Station)
        Note: Students taking BIOLOGY 281 also are encouraged to take EEB  372* -- General Ecology Lab (3 credits).
    3. An asterisk (*) indicates a laboratory course or a lecture course with a laboratory component

  2. Required courses in genetics, biochemistry, and evolution: 
    1.  Genetics: BIOLOGY 305
    2. Biochemistry: one of MCDB 310, BIOLCHEM 415, or CHEM 351
    3.  Evolution: EEB  390 or 391;  or EEB 392* (UMBS) (effective Winter 2016, retroactive to Fall 2008)
  3.  Select one course in EEB or MCDB at the 300- or 400-level [except EEB 302, 399 (effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2008), 499 (effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2018), MCDB 302, 399 (effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2008), 499 (effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2018), 412].
  4.  Select additional Biology, EEB, or MCDB courses at the 200-level or above [except BIOLOGY 262, EEB 302,399 (effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2008), 499 (effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2018), MCDB 302, 399 (effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2008), 499 (effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2018), or MCDB 412]to bring the major total to at least 30 credits (33 for students who have taken BIOLOGY 162 or 163). Two advisor-approved cognate courses may be used. A partial list of these may be obtained from the Biology Office, 1111 Natural Science, or from any department advisor.
  5. Three laboratory or field courses in biology beyond the introductory level.  Library "research" and introductory biology laboratories do not qualify.  A maximum of three credits of independent research (EEB 300 or 400, or MCDB 300 or 400), under the direct supervision of a faculty member, or, under a faculty member of another University of Michigan department with an EEB or MCDB faculty co-sponsor, may be used as one of the laboratory experiences.  Three credits of independent research must be completed in one term to satisfy a laboratory requirement.

    This requirement overlaps with other requirements (above) 
    (Effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2008). 

    A maximum of three credits of any independent study course may count toward the major program.  

Biology Major (Fall 2011-Summer 2013)

Effective Fall 2011-Summer 2014

May be elected as an interdepartmental major

Exclusions: Students who elect a major in Biology may not elect the following majors: General Biology; Cell and Molecular Biology; Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Microbiology; Plant Biology; Biochemistry; or Neuroscience. They may also not elect a minor in Biology; Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Plant Biology; Chemistry; or Biochemistry.

This major program develops an appreciation of the levels of organization of life, its diversity, and the processes by which life has achieved its present forms. The program is recommended for those who wish to study biology as part of a liberal education, to prepare for a teaching career in secondary schools, or to prepare for graduate study in biology or the health professions.

Prerequisites to the Major.

  •  BIOLOGY 171, 172/174 and 173; or BIOLOGY 195 and 173;
  •  CHEMISTRY 210/211 and CHEMISTRY 215/216;
  • MATH 115 and 116;
  •  PHYSICS 125/127 and 126/128; or PHYSICS 135/136 and 235/236; or PHYSICS 140/141 and 240/241.

Program of study in a major. 30 credits (Students who have taken BIOLOGY 162 or 163 must take 33 credits to complete the major), distributed as follows :

  1.  Select at least one course from each of two groups I-II. (See Course Listings I-II for the available courses in each group.) Students should enroll in these courses as early as possible
    1.  Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology: 
      • BIOLOGY 205      (3) Developmental Biology
      • BIOLOGY 207*    (4) Introductory Microbiology
      • BIOLOGY 222      (3) Introduction to Neurobiology
      • BIOLOGY 225      (3) Animal Physiology
      • BIOLOGY 230      (4) Introductory Plant Biology
        Note: Students taking BIOLOGY 225 also are encouraged to take BIOLOGY 226* - Animal Physiology Laboratory (2 credits).
    2. Ecology, Evolution, and Organismal Biology: 
      • BIOLOGY 230*    (4) Introduction to Plant Biology
      • BIOLOGY 252*    (4) Chordate Anatomy/Phylogeny
      • BIOLOGY 255*    (4) Plant Diversity
      • BIOLOGY 281      (3) General Ecology
      • BIOLOGY 288*    (4) Animal Diversity
        Note: Students taking BIOLOGY 281 also are encouraged to take EEB  372* -- General Ecology Lab (3 credits).
    3. An asterisk (*) indicates a laboratory course or a lecture course with a laboratory component

  2. Required courses in genetics, biochemistry, and evolution: 
    1.  Genetics: BIOLOGY 305;
    2. Biochemistry: one of MCDB 310, BIOLCHEM 415, or CHEM 451 and 452, or BIOLCHEM 451 and 452; and
    3.  Evolution: EEB (BIOLOGY) 390;  or EEB 392* (UMBS) (effective Winter 2016, retroactive to Fall 2008)
  3.  Select one course in EEB or MCDB at the 300- or 400-level [except EEB 302, 399 (effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2008), 499 (effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2018),  MCDB 302, 399 (effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2008), 499 (effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2018),  or 412]
  4.  Select additional Biology, EEB, or MCDB courses at the 200-level or above [except BIOLOGY 262, EEB 302, 399 (effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2008), 499 (effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2018), MCDB 302, 399 (effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2008), 499 (effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2018), or MCDB 412] to bring the major total to at least 30 credits (33 for students who have taken BIOLOGY 162 or 163). Two advisor-approved cognate courses may be used. A partial list of these may be obtained from the Biology Office, 1111 Natural Science, or from any department advisor.
  5. Three laboratory or field courses in biology beyond the introductory level.  Library "research" and introductory biology laboratories do not qualify.  A maximum of three credits of independent research (EEB 300 or 400, or MCDB 300 or 400), under the direct supervision of a faculty member, or, under a faculty member of another University of Michigan department with an EEB or MCDB faculty co-sponsor, may be used as one of the laboratory experiences.  Three credits of independent research must be completed in one term to satisfy a laboratory requirement.

    This requirement overlaps with other requirements (above) 
    (Effective Fall 2015, retroactive to Fall 2008). 

    A maximum of three credits of any independent study course may count toward the major program.