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Academic Misconduct

As described in our LSA Community Standards of Academic Integrity, “academic dishonesty may be understood as any action or attempted action that may result in creating an unfair academic advantage for oneself or an unfair academic advantage or disadvantage for any other member or members of the academic community.”

Examples of academic misconduct include but are not limited to the following:


Cheating is committing fraud and/or deception on a record, report, paper, computer assignment, examination, or any other course requirement. Examples of cheating include:

  • Obtaining work or information from someone else and submitting it under one’s own name.

  • Using, or attempting to use, unauthorized notes, or study aids, or information from another student or student’s paper on an examination.

  • Communicating answers with another person during an exam.

  • Altering graded work after it has been returned, and then submitting the work for regrading.

  • Allowing another person to do one’s work and submitting it under one’s own name.

  • Using electronic devices (e.g., phones, watches, calculators) that provide answers or other unauthorized information for exams.

  • Taking an exam for another person or having someone take an exam for you.

  • Fabricating data which were not gathered in accordance with the appropriate methods for collecting or generating data and failing to include a substantially accurate account of the method by which the data were gathered or collected.


Plagiarism is representing someone else’s ideas, words, statements, or other work as one’s own without proper acknowledgement or citation. Examples of plagiarism include:

  • Copying word-for-word or lifting phrases, special terms, or definitions from a source or reference (whether oral, printed, or on the internet) without proper attribution.

  • Paraphrasing, that is, using another person’s written words or ideas, albeit in one’s own words, as if they were one’s own thought.

  • Borrowing facts, statistics, graphs, or other illustrative material without proper reference, unless the information is common knowledge, in common public use.

  • Submitting substantially the same paper for two or more classes (or the same class) in the same or different terms (i.e., self-plagiarism) without the expressed approval of each instructor.

Unacceptable Collaboration

Collaboration is unacceptable when a student works with another or others on a project and then submits written work which is represented explicitly or implicitly as the student’s own individual work. Examples of unacceptable collaboration include:

  • Using answers, solutions, or ideas that are the result of collaboration without citing the fact of collaboration.

  • Discussing/providing/taking solutions or answers with/to/from other students, when instructions are for students to complete that portion of the work independently.

Falsification of Data, Records, and Official Documents

  • Fabrication of data

  • Altering academic records, or documents related to academic records

  • Misrepresentation of academic status, including attendance

  • Forging a signature of authorization or falsifying information on an official academic document, grade report, letter of recommendation/reference, letter of permission, petition, or any document designed to meet or exempt a student from an established class, College, or University academic regulation.

Aiding and Abetting Dishonesty

Providing material or information to another person which allows for these materials or information to be used improperly. This includes both deliberate and inadvertent actions.

Unauthorized or Malicious Interference/Tampering with Office Property

Unauthorized or malicious interference or tampering with faculty, administrative, or staff offices, including computers, is considered an academic offense and, as such, is subject to College judicial procedures and sanctions.

Classroom Disturbances

Classroom disturbances can also serve to create an unfair academic advantage for oneself or disadvantage for another member of the academic community. Some examples of actions that may violate the LSA Community Standards of Academic Integrity include:

  • Interference with the course of instruction or an exam to the detriment of other students.

  • Disruption of classes or other academic activities in an attempt to stifle academic freedom of speech.

  • Failure to comply with the instructions or directives