- 2023-2024 Jewish Visual Cultures
- 2022-2023 Mizrahim and the Politics of Ethnicity
- 2021-2022 Second Temple Judaism: The Challenge of Diversity
- 2020-2021 Translating Jewish Cultures
- 2019-2020 Yiddish Matters
- 2018-2019: Sephardic Identities Medieval and Early Modern
- 2017-2018 Jews and the Material in Antiquity
- 2016-2017 Israeli Histories, Societies, and Cultures
- 2015-2016 Secularization/Sacralization
- 2014-2015 Jews and Empires
- 2013-2014 New Perspectives on Gender and Jewish Life
- 2012-2013 Borders of Jewishness: Microhistories of Encounter
- 2011-2012 Jews & Political Life
- 2010-2011 Critical Terms in Jewish Language Studies
- 2009-2010 The Culture of Jewish Objects
- 2008-2009 Studying Jews
- 2007-2008 Jews & the City
The Frankel Institute for Advanced Judaic Studies at the University of Michigan seeks scholars for a residential fellowship in 2021-2022 to explore the challenges of diversity in Second Temple Judaism. Diversity of ethnicity, religion, social status, gender, age, and ability was as much a feature of the ancient Mediterranean world as it is in the present. We aim to explore the diversity of religious, cultural, and political life during the period of the Second Temple, from after the Babylonian Exile up to and including the Bar Kokhba Revolt.
The modern notion of Second Temple Judaism was originally shaped by Christian scholars who imagined it as the “intertestamental” period between the Old and the New Testaments, or as the “age of Jesus.” On the other hand, Jewish scholars were uncomfortable with the periodization, only gradually accepting the notion that a significant transition also occurred between “Biblical” and “Rabbinic” Judaism, or “from the Bible to the Mishnah.” Second Temple Judaism, however, is much more than just a combination of “proto-Rabbinic” and “proto-Christian” traditions. It was the seedbed for multiple, distinctive worldviews, as recorded by Josephus and attested by the Dead Sea Scrolls, the so-called OT Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha, the New Testament, and the rich literature of Hellenistic Judaism.
The Frankel Institute aims to develop fruitful conversation about ancient Jewish diversity. We invite fellows to question the separation of the “canonical” from the “non-canonical,” and the “Christian” from the “Jewish.” We particularly welcome proposals that integrate the “traditional” tools of philology, intellectual and social history, and archaeology with “newer” methods of analysis (gender studies, post-colonial studies, etc.). By bringing together a group of international scholars who approach the material from different perspectives in an interdisciplinary and inclusive fashion, the Frankel Institute seeks to contribute to our understanding of the vibrant diversity of Second Temple Judaism and redefine its place within Jewish Studies.
Israel Antiquities Authority
"Resistance to Rome in Late Second Temple Jewish Literature"
Joseph L. Angel
"The Architecture of Election: Temple Architecture and the Construction of Social Identities in Ancient Judaism"
University of Michigan
"Christian and Rabbinic Origins: An Intellectual History, from Daniel to the Mishnah"
"Kings, Queens, and Caesars: Gentile Rulers in Early Jewish Literature"
Rodney Caruthers II
Gustavus Adolphus College
"Judaism and its Practice Beyond Ethiopian Rivers"
Kelley Coblentz Bautch
St. Edward's University
"Recovering Diverse Voices in 1 Maccabees"
New York University
"Rewriting Sacrifice in Second Temple Judaism"
Gregg E. Gardner
University of British Columbia
"The Archaeology of Diversity in Rural Palestine During the Second Temple Era"
University of Strasbourg
"Pseudepigraphy Between Canonical and Non-Canonical Literature"
"Scribal Refractions of Imperial Myth in Jewish Texts of the Persian Period"
"Diversity in Jewish Leadership in the First and Second Centuries CE"
"Semiotic Communities: Signs and the Construction of Jewish Group Identities in the Second Temple Period"
M Adryael Tong
Interdenominational Theological Center
"Difference and Circumcision"