Markus Nornes recently traveled to Stanford and to Nanyang Technical University
in Singapore in order to present "afterthoughts" about his influential 1999 essay "For an Abusive Subtitling: Illuminating Cinema's Apparatus of Translation." Inspired by amateur anime subtitling collectives, this essay looks at the history of subtitling to critique conventional approaches and propose an "abusive" approach from a profoundly different notion of fidelity.