A months-long literature search that involved tracking down century-old scientific papers and translating others from Czech and French helped University of Michigan ecologist Meghan Duffy answer a question she'd wondered about for years.

The early studies helped Duffy determine that the microscopic aquatic parasite she first observed as a graduate student, and which her research team had recently collected in more than a dozen southeast Michigan lakes, is the same fungus-like organism that a French biologist first described in 1903.

"The longer historical perspective – especially that provided by the non-English literature – has been essential," said Duffy, an associate professor in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. "If not for those papers, we would think that this parasite hadn't been described before and was in need of a name."

But it already has a name: Blastulidium paedophthorum, coined by biologist C. Pérez when he described it in 1903. Bp, the shorthand name favored by Duffy and her colleagues, attacks the developing embryos of Daphnia, the sand grain-size freshwater crustaceans also known as water fleas.

In a study published in August 2015 in the print edition of Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Duffy and two colleagues connect previous descriptions of the parasite with new information about its ecology and evolutionary history.

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