U-M Linguistics Presents at Joint Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America & the Acoustical Society of Japan
Andries W. Coetzee, Dominique Bouavichith, and Justin Craft presented at the 5th Joint Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America (ASA) & the Acoustical Society of Japan (ASJ). “F0 and plosive voicing in Afrikaans” was coauthored by Andries W. Coetzee, Patrice S. Beddor, Dominique Bouavichith, Justin T. Craft, and Daan Wissing. Please find the abstract below.
Afrikaans plosives are traditionally described as contrasting in voicing ([b d] vs. [p t]). Coetzee et al. (2014, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 135, 2421), however, showed that the voicing contrast is collapsing word-initially, with voiced plosives merging with voiceless plosives. They also found that voicing loss does not result in loss of lexical contrast, which is preserved on the following vowel (high f0 after historically voiceless and low f0 after historically voiced plosives). That study investigated word-initial plosives, leaving unanswered whether word-medial plosives are also devoicing. The current study addresses this question. Acoustic analysis of data collected from nine Afrikaans speakers replicated the results of Coetzee et al. for word-initial plosives. For word-medial plosives, a robust voicing contrast was found along with a post-plosive f0 difference. The f0 difference in medial position was comparable to that in initial position in both magnitude and duration, and extended throughout the vowel. While lexical contrasts are hence cued by only f0 word initially, they are differentiated by both plosive voicing and the f0 of the following vowel word medially. The relevance of these results for theories of sound change and theories of phonological contrast will be discussed.
The ASA was established in 1929 and is now made up of over 7500 members who work in acoustics. Beyond linguistics, members work in physics, measurement technologies and instrumentation, engineering, oceanography, psychology, biology, and many more. The ASJ was founded in 1936 and has been printing its official English journal, Acoustical Science and Technology, since 1980.