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Elucidating Energy Storage in Soft Nanostructures through Versatile Electrochemistry

Joaquin Rodriguez-Lopez (University of Illinois)
Tuesday, September 26, 2017
4:00-5:30 PM
Chem 1640 Chemistry Dow Lab Map
My group is interested in exploring the impact of structural and reactive heterogeneity in soft materials with the intention of discovering synergies at the nano and mesoscale that enhance properties of interest for energy storage applications. In my talk, I will discuss two emerging systems where nano-scale heterogeneity has an impact on macro-scale performance: novel redox active polymers (RAPs) for size selective flow batteries, and ultra-thin graphene electrodes. Highly soluble RAPs are new players in redox flow technologies, and as part of our collaboration with the Joint Center for Research Energy Storage (JCESR), we are exploring the opportunities that polymeric design offers for tuning their electrochemical performance. Likewise, graphene is an emerging material that offers new opportunities in contrast to bulk carbon due to its unique thickness-dependent electron and ion transfer behavior. In both cases, short range interactions between their components determine charge transfer and transport mechanisms, so it is essential to count with the right toolbox to elucidate their functioning. For this purpose, my group develops nano-electrochemical methods based on scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) that uniquely probe electronic and ionic processes in situ. Using these and other tools, we are starting to understand fundamental balances between electronic and ionic reactivity that we hope will have an impact on a various other applications for energy conversion and storage.

References:
[1] Barton, Z.J.; Rodríguez-López. Lithium Ion Quantification using Mercury Amalgams as In Situ Electrochemical Probes in Nonaqueous Media. Anal. Chem. 2014, 86, 10660-10667.
[2] Gavvalapalli, N.; Hui, J.; Cheng, K.; Lichtenstein, T.; Shen, M.; Moore, J.S.; Rodríguez-López. Impact of Redox Active Polymer Molecular Weight on the Electrochemical Properties and Transport Across Porous Separators in Non-Aqueous Solvents. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2014, 136, 16309-16316.
[3] Hui, J.; Burgess, M.; Zhang, J.; Rodríguez-López, J. Layer Number Dependence of Li+ Intercalation on Few-Layer Graphene and Electrochemical Imaging of Its Solid-Electrolyte Interphase Evolution. ACS Nano, 2016 , 10 , 4248-4257. Joaquin Rodriguez-Lopez (University of Illinois)
Building: Chemistry Dow Lab
Event Type: Other
Tags: Chemistry, Science
Source: Happening @ Michigan from Department of Chemistry