Jason De León featured in Time Magazine Article about Border Walls and the Balloon Affect
The wall President Trump pledged to build on the Mexican border is inching closer to becoming reality — even if it may not resemble the one he promised on the campaign trail. While Congress didn't allocate the funding Trump had requested to begin construction on the wall in his proposed federal budget, the plans are still moving forward in other ways. Companies recently submitted design concepts for the wall, which circulated online, and the Department of Homeland Security expects prototypes to be built this summer. To reinforce the Administration's commitment, Attorney General Jeff Sessions visited the border in April to vow an immigration crackdown.
But much about the wall is still unknown — including how much of it will be a wall at all. A barrier stretching from coast to coast is "unlikely," Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly said at a congressional hearing earlier this year. Such a wall would be incredibly expensive and difficult to construct, as it would need to traverse rough terrain, navigate the winding Rio Grande, cut through many privately owned properties — particularly in Texas — and divide tribal lands in Arizona. Instead, Homeland Security is expected to take a more piecemeal approach to construction.
But experts say that a wall, like the fences that are in place now, won't deter immigrants who are already risking their lives to cross the border. “As soon as security is increased [in one place], it’s the balloon affect — you grab one area and the flow goes to another area,” says Jason De León, assistant professor of anthropology at the University of Michigan, who has conducted long-term studies of undocumented border crossings.