From the article: 

"The Neanderthal never stood a chance. Modern humans who entered Europe may have outnumbered their hominid relatives 10 to 1, a new study has found.

The research, published online Thursday in the journal Science, helps explain why Neanderthals — who had lived in Europe for at least 200,000 years — died out about 40,000 years ago, soon after modern humans migrated from Africa."

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