- Navigating Difficulties
- Staying Motivated
- Study Tools and Academic Resources
- Managing Your Time
- How Do You Learn?
- Getting the Most from Class Time
- Reading Techniques
- Preparing for Tests
- Consulting with Faculty
- Collaborating with Peers
- Understand Your Grades
- Course-Specific Strategies
Using Your Expectations For Yourself To Become Motivated
Students often fall prey to disparaging their own abilities when faced with a difficult task, which can lead to a lack of motivation. The key to maintaining motivation in the face of difficult tasks is to learn how you can form positive expectations of your capabilities. There are a number of strategies for achieving this.
Be realistic and accurate in assessing your capabilities.
Everyone has strengths and weaknesses. Recognizing your weaknesses can lead you to addressing them. You might work to improve your areas of weakness, but you could also restructure activities to avoid demands that prey on your weaknesses. Employing this kind of adaptability might make a task more palatable and therefore help you stay motivated.
If you encounter failure, make a plan to change behaviors and circumstances that you can control.
Do not attribute outcomes to those things you cannot change. Lack of knowledge, lack of effort, or flawed study strategies are all things you can change; your intelligence is not. Do not think that you are not smart enough, think about what you can do differently. Be honest in your assessment of the problem. Did you really work as hard as you could, including keeping up with the course from the beginning of the semester? If you feel that you put in the maximum effort, then maybe you need to change your study strategies.
Take responsibility for your academic behavior.
Avoid blaming the instructor for being a bad teacher. Do not make excuses that you do not have the time, energy, that you do not feel well or are not in the mood to study. You have made the choice to be here, so you need to develop the skills for dealing with these problems. You can create the time with a good time management plan. If you truly feel that you do not have enough energy to succeed, look at changing your diet, sleep habits, and exercise habits, and consider other wellness practices. Avoid falling into the “I do not like my classes” trap. Realize from the start that you will take some classes that might not naturally excite you. They might be required for your major or simply did not turn out to be what you had hoped. Life is like that. You need to be able to adjust.
Using The Value Of A Task To Motivate Yourself
Your motivation for everything depends on the value you place on the task. The more highly you value completing a task, the more motivated you will be. Difficulties arise when confronted with a task that you do not place a natural value on. Motivating yourself for these tasks can take a little work, but you can find ways to increase your motivation for almost any task.
Before looking at strategies for increasing your motivation, it will be helpful to understand the different ways that people place a value on completing a task:
Every class is useful.
The more you feel that a class or assignment will be useful, the higher value you will place on completing the work for that class. If you do not recognize a use for the class, then you will find it difficult to motivate yourself. Each class you take should be useful to you in some way. Maybe it is simply because you have to take it for your major or it is a prerequisite for a class that you want to take. Maybe you feel like you need to improve your writing skills. A writing intensive class will then have a higher value for you. If you identify the usefulness, you will be more likely to motivate yourself.
Discover your motivation.
Getting good grades is the most obvious extrinsic reason for placing a high value on completing a task. Any reason that lies outside the task itself can help motivate you. You might be trying to gain the approval of peers or mentors, earn awards and honors, or earn high grades. Many college students are motivated by the desire to get a good GPA. It can be a fine line, however, between using your GPA as motivation and obsessing about it to the point where anxiety begins to creep in or you are not focused on learning the material. You are best off if you use your GPA as general motivation for doing well without building your motivation for each class on it.
Don’t ignore your own personal interest.
This occurs when you place a high value on completing a task because you have a natural interest in it. Completing the next level on your favorite video game, for example, holds a high intrinsic value for you. You might also find some classes that you take to be so interesting that you do not mind completing the reading and work for the class. With these tasks, you do not have to work to motivate yourself. As a child you might have been fascinated with the way things fit together or with trying to understand why people acted the way they did. This knowledge of your natural interests can help you choose the classes for which you will not struggle to motivate yourself.
Keep an open mind.
Sometimes new interests will arise out of your experiences. A particular book, class, or professor might lead you to look at things differently from before. While it is possible that you will develop a new intrinsic interest out of an experience, these situational interests are often temporary. If you are fascinated with a particular book, your willingness to work hard might not last beyond finishing the book. If you enjoy a particular professor, your interest in the subject might not last beyond the class. Use each of these experiences to choose classes in the future. Did you find that the methods for analyzing images in your History of Art class made it easy to motivate yourself to go to class and do the homework? Then look for classes in other departments that focus on analyzing images.
Other Ways to Increase Your Motivation
There will be times when you will have to motivate yourself to complete an assignment because it is uninteresting or difficult. In these situations, there are a number of strategies you can use to increase your motivation so that you can complete the task.
Try to make connections between the material and your life and interests. Each academic discipline relies on its own way of analyzing information and communicating arguments. If you are taking a psychology, sociology, or anthropology class, tie the material to your own personal experiences with people. You might not need to apply all of the material from the course, but understanding how people develop world views based on their culture and personality might make it easier for you to work in an organization or with clients from a variety of backgrounds different from your own. For science classes, you might focus on the value of learning the scientific method as a model for inquiry in all problem solving. In a math class, think about how you can apply mathematical problem-solving methods to other problems you face. English classes and other classes that require extensive writing can help you develop the writing skills that will be essential for you in any career that you choose. Because you are introduced to different skill sets in different classes, you can connect the development of new skills to your desire to do well and prepare for future classes and life after graduation.
Go for the grade.
A good grade is a sign that you have effectively learned the material for a course. It can also motivate you to put the effort into learning the material. There is no getting around the fact that grades can be a highly motivating factor for students. Sometimes you will struggle to find personal intrinsic value or situational interests in a class. In the end, you might fall back on achieving a high grade as the sole motivating factor for putting in the effort. Studies have shown that students can increase their motivation through consistent reminders that their efforts will earn them the grade they desire.
If you reward yourself for completing a specific task, the reward becomes the motivation for completing the task. This works best for short-term goals, such as completing a specific chapter or writing a certain number of pages. Make sure that you balance the reward and the task to be completed. For example, don’t reward yourself with two hours of billiards after reading 5 pages. It might take some experimenting to find the correct balance of reward and time on task, but you should be able to create a balance.
Try to make the material more interesting.
Sometimes you might be able to create a game out of studying material. You might be able to create a song out of sequenced or itemized information. Or you might challenge yourself or a friend to complete a certain number of math problems within a time limit. These tricks might not lead to a permanent interest in the material, but they can help you maintain focus on completing the tasks at hand.