Lab Profile

Research in the Gender and Respect in Organizations (GRO) lab addresses gender and (dis)respect in work organizations, with a special focus on personal and professional outcomes of the targeted individual. Current projects concentrate on disrespect in the form of workplace incivility, sex-based harassment, and heterosexist harassment. We study processes through which these behaviors undermine the well-being and performance of employees from diverse backgrounds, including different gender, race, sexual orientation, and industry groups. Our overarching goal is to better understand these dysfunctional dynamics in organizations so as to inform institutional change, ultimately promoting positive individual and organizational growth.

To download representative publications, scroll to the bottom of this page. The last article (Cortina et al., 2001) contains the original 7-item Workplace Incivility Scale (WIS), and the Cortina et al. (2011) article contains a revised, 12-item version of that scale.


Principal Investigator

Lilia Cortina, PhD

Professor of Psychology, Women's Studies, & Management (by courtesy)

As a researcher of hostile work experiences, Lilia investigates the many ways in which people are subordinated, violated, and relegated to the margins of organizational life. These interpersonal indignities range from subtle social slights to general incivility to blatant harassment and violence. Her scholarship spans the full spectrum, concentrating on populations that have historically been underrepresented or undervalued in organizations (e.g., women, racial and sexual minorities). One line of Lilia's work addresses harassment based on sex, sexuality, and gender - focusing on the contours and consequences of harassing experiences in employment. In another stream of research, she investigates workplace incivility, i.e., everyday discourtesies that violate social norms of respect and undermine worker wellbeing.

Click here for Lilia Cortina's CV


Current Doctoral Students

Kevin Goodman

Kevin's research focuses on experiences and methodological issues surrounding intersections of sexual and racial minority identity, especially in the context of education. He also has interests in discrimination and intergroup relations, diversity in higher education, empowerment, resilience, critical consciousness, activism, and social change.


Kathryn (Katy) Holland

As a researcher, Katy aims to understand and improve critical issues in women’s lives–both negative and positive. Specifically, she studies sexual assault, sexual harassment, and sexual health. She draws from psychological and feminist frameworks and uses multiple methods (quantitative, qualitative, mixed-method) to better understand these experiences.

For more details on Katy Holland's research, teaching, and applied work, follow this link to her professional website.   






Courtney McCluney

Courtney researches the impact of racism, sexism, and ambiguous mistreatment (incivility) on psychological and professional outcomes. She investigates how the psychological importance of one's gender and racial identities, and attributions for discrimination experiences, buffer the effect of discrimination on outcomes. In addition, Courtney is studying how contextual factors (diversity-focused vs. identity-neutral policies) influence bystanders' perceptions of mistreatment towards women of color in the workplace. Overall, Courtney is interested in the benefits, rather than the stigma, attached to underrepresented gender and racial identities at work.




Verónica Caridad Rabelo

Verónica is interested in the intersection of social identity, mistreatment, and mindfulness in the workplace. She studies how harassment and discrimination pertaining to gender, sexuality, race, and ethnicity can diminish employee dignity and well-being. She also researches how mindfulness and compassion interventions can improve outcomes for marginalized employees, including LGBTQ personnel, the working poor, and employees who engage in "dirty work."

To learn more about Verónica's research (and teaching), visit her professional website.




Rita Seabrook

Broadly, Rita's work focuses on traditional gender roles, sexual scripts, and the ways in which they shape people's ideas of how women and men should behave. Her current work focuses on the outcomes of endorsing traditional sexual scripts, especially in regards to sexual health. Rita is also interested in how experiences of "everyday sexism" and sexual harassment affect women's well-being in the workplace.

Emily Vargas

Emily's research focuses on both the experience and expression of prejudice, especially in organizational settings. In one line of work, she is investigating how subtle sexism and racism - under certain conditions - manifest in the form of workplace incivility. In another project, she is investigating influences of gender and bias on organizational value systems. A third study examines perceptions and prejudices against persons with multiple racial identities.



Former Doctoral Students

Cathleen Clerkin, Postdoctoral Fellow, Center for Creative Leadership Brianna Barker Caza, Asst Professor, University of Manitoba
Melanie Henderson, Asst Professor, Ohio Wesleyan University Marisela Huerta, Clinical Psychologist, Weill Cornell
Elma Lorenzo-Blanco, Asst Professor, University of South Carolina Perry Silverschanz, Asst Professor, Eastern Michigan University
Dana Kabat-Farr, Asst Professor, University of Nevada-Reno Cindy Torges, Asst Professor, North Dakota State University
Emily Leskinen, Asst Professor, Carthage College Julie Konik, Asst Professor, University of Wisconsin - Sheboygan
Lisa Marchiondo, Asst Professor, New Mexico State University Sandy Lim, Asst Professor, National University of Singapore
Quyen Epstein-Ngo, Research Asst Professor, University of Michigan Kathi Miner, Asst Professor, Texas A&M University
Nicky Newton, Asst Professor, Wilfrid Laurier University Sheryl Pimlott Kubiak, Professor, Michigan State University


Research Assistants

Sydney & Roman Cortina


Selected Publications

(click on underlined titles to see articles in full-text)

Rabelo, V.C. & Cortina, L.M. (in press). Two sides of the same coin: Gender harassment and heterosexist harassment in LGBQ work lives. Law & Human Behavior.

Kabat-Farr, D. & Cortina. L.M. (2014). Sex-based harassment in employment: New insights into gender and context. Law & Human Behavior, 38, 58-72.

Marchiondo, L.A. & Cortina, L.M. (2014). Plus ça change…Women’s top occupational concerns during the Great Recession. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy.

Holland, K. & Cortina, L.M. (2013). When sexism and feminism collide: The sexual harassment of feminist working women. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 37(2), 192-208.****Article received 2013 AWP & SPW Prize for Psychological Research on Women and Gender, Honorable Mention.

Cortina, L.M., Curtin, N., & Stewart, A.J.  (2012). Where is social structure in personality research? A feminist analysis of publication trends. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 36, 259-273.

Kabat-Farr, D. & Cortina, L.M. (2012). Selective incivility: Gender, race, and the discriminatory workplace. In S. Fox & T. Lituchy (Eds.), Gender and the Dysfunctional Workplace. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Cortina, L.M., Kabat-Farr, D., Leskinen, E., Huerta, M. & Magley, V.J.  (2011/2013). Selective incivility as modern discrimination in organizations: Evidence and impact. Journal of Management, 39, 1579-1605.****12-item Workplace Incivility Scale available in this article

Leskinen, E., Cortina, L.M. & Kabat, D. (2010). Gender harassment: Broadening our understanding of sex-based harassment at work. Law & Human Behavior, 35, 25–39. ****Article received 2012 AWP Distinguished Publication Award; 2011 AWP & SPW Prize for Psychological Research on Women and Gender, Honorable Mention. ****Article reviewed here.

Cortina, L.M. & Magley, V.J..  (2009). Patterns and profiles of response to incivility in organizations.  Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 14, 272-288.

Caza, B.B. & Cortina, L.M. (2008). From insult to injury: Explaining the impact of incivility. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 29, 335-350.

Cortina, L.M. (2008). Unseen injustice: Incivility as modern discrimination in organizations. Academy of Management Review.  Academy of Management Review, 33, 55-75.

Cortina, L.M. & Berdahl, J.L. (2008). Sexual harassment in organizations: A decade of research in review. In C. Cooper & J. Barling (Eds.), Handbook of Organizational Behavior: Micro Perspectives (pp. 469-497).  Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.

Konik, J. & Cortina, L.M. (2008). Policing gender at work: Intersections of harassment based on sex and sexuality. Social Justice Research, 21, 313-337.

Lim, S., Cortina, L.M., & Magley, V.J. (2008). Personal and workgroup incivility: Impact on work and health outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93, 95-107.

Miner-Rubino, K. & Cortina, L.M. (2008). Beyond targets: Consequences of vicarious exposure to misogyny at work. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92, 1254-1269.

Silverschanz, P., Konik, J., Cortina, L.M., Magley, V.J. (2008). Slurs, snubs and queer jokes: Incidence and impact of heterosexist harassment in academica. Sex Roles, 58, 179-191.

Huerta, M., Cortina, L.M., Pang, J.S., Torges, C., & Magley, V.J. (2006). Sex and power in the academy: Modeling sexual harassment in the lives of college women. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32, 616-628 .

Cortina, L.M. & Pimlott-Kubiak , S. (2006). Gender and PTSD: Sexual violence as an explanation for women's increased risk. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 115, 753-759 .

Cortina, L.M. & Wasti, S.A. (2005). Profiles in coping: Responses to sexual harassment across persons, organizations, and cultures. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90, 182-192.

Lim, S.G.P. & Cortina, L.M. (2005). Interpersonal mistreatment in the workplace: The interface and impact of general incivility and sexual harassment. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90, 483-496.

Cortina, L.M. (2004). Hispanic perspectives on sexual harassment and social support. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30 , 570-584.

Miner-Rubino, K. & Cortina, L.M.. (2004). Working in a context of hostility toward women: Implications for employees' wellbeing. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 9, 107-122.

Cortina, L.M. & Magley, V.J. (2003). Raising voice, risking retaliation: Events following mistreatment in the workplace. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 8, 247-265.

Pimlott-Kubiak, S. & Cortina, L.M. (2003). Gender, victimization, and outcomes: Reconceptualizing risk. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71, 528-539.

Cortina, L.M., Fitzgerald, L.F. & Drasgow, F. (2002). Contextualizing Latina experiences of sexual harassment: Preliminary tests of a structural model. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 24, 295-311.

Wasti, S.A. & Cortina, L.M. (2002). Coping in context: Sociocultural determinants of responses to sexual harassment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83 , 394-405.

Cortina, L.M. (2001). Assessing sexual harassment among Latinas: Development of an instrument. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 7 , 164-181.

Cortina, L.M., Magley, V.J., Williams, J.H., & Langhout, R.D. (2001). Incivility in the workplace: Incidence and impact. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 6 , 64-80. *****Original Workplace Incivility Scale (WIS) available in this article (revised, 12-item version of the WIS available in Cortina, Kabat-Farr, Leskinen, Huerta & Magley, 2011)


Click here to download Adobe Acrobat Reader (necessary to view the articles on this website)