Subsistence economies are integral to hunter-gatherer studies for understanding diversity in forager lifeways. However, dichotomous models of hunter-gatherer economic life tend to mask variability, and the Clovis “specialist-generalist” debate is a classic example. In addition to the limited analytical power provided by this framework, and despite 60+ years of research, the data needed to characterize Clovis diets is still extremely limited. In order to rethink the nature of Clovis economies and recover high resolution data, new excavations and analyses were conducted at the Gault site in Texas. This case study investigation contributes to a picture of regional variability in Clovis subsistence, and highlights the need for new models concerning hunter-gatherer diets more generally.
Ashley Lemke, Ph.D. Candidate, Dept. of Anthropology University of Michigan