- Clinical Science
- Clinical Science Admissions
- Clinical Science Alumni
- Clinical Science Awards
- Clinical Science Curriculum
- Clinical Science Faculty
- Clinical Science Affiliated Faculty
- Clinical Science Emeriti Faculty
- Clinical Science Students
- Clinical Science Labs & Research
- Student Admissions, Outcomes, and Other Data
- Clinical Science Procedure Manual
- Cognition and Cognitive Neuroscience
- Developmental Psychology
- Combined Program in Education & Psychology
- Gender and Feminist Psychology
- Personality and Social Contexts
- Social Psychology
- Social Work and Psychology
- Women's Studies and Psychology
Welcome to the Graduate Program in Clinical Psychology at the University of Michigan We are delighted with your decision to come to Ann Arbor! We hope that this manual is helps orient you to the program and can serve as a guide to your graduate career.
Because the Clinical Program is constantly changing, what you read in this manual will not be valid indefinitely, but it is a good reflection of the year ahead. The Clinical Program will correct and clarify material in this manual through e-mail announcements as the need becomes apparent, and the possibility exists that Department, University, and state policy changes will supersede some of the information here.
It is also important that you familiarize yourselves with the materials in the Psychology Student Academic Affairs Requirements, Policies and Procedures Manual for Graduate Students and the Rackham School of Graduate Studies' Rackham Gradute School Academic Policies. After reading this Manual as well as these other materials (provided by the Student Academic Affairs Office), please sign the statement on the last page of this Manual and give it to the Clinical Area Office 1004A East Hall administrative assistant so it can be made part of your permanent file. As an APA-Accredited Program, the students, faculty, and staff are expected to adhere to the Ethical Principles of the Association (see "Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct Including 2010 Amendments") at http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/index.aspx.
American Psychological Association
Commission on Accreditation
750 First Street, NE
Washington, DC 20002-4242
GENERAL INFORMATION FOR INCOMING STUDENTS
Listed below is material you should have received by the end of the summer prior to your initial enrollment here. If you have not received this material, please let us know.
2. Letter of acceptance from the Clinical Area, to which you should have responded.
3. Letter from the Clinical Area or the Psychology Student Academic Affairs Office stating your source of support for at least your first year.
4. Admissions Certificate and enclosures from the Rackham School of Graduate Studies.
5. University Housing information.
Your Arrival in Ann Arbor
When you arrive in Ann Arbor, it is best to proceed first to the Psychology's Student Academic Affairs Office (1343 East Hall: 764-2580). The staff there will want to know your Ann Arbor address and may have suggestions of people to contact if you are looking for housing. Registration materials will be available for you in that office. After checking in at the Student Academic Affairs Office, please stop at the Clinical Area Office (1004 East Hall: 764-6332) and provide Linda Anderson with your home address and phone number. At that time you will be shown your new office and student mailbox and will be provided with the necessary key requests. Psychology students can register for any course unless permission of instructor is designated in the Course Guide.
Rackham School of Graduate Studies, will conduct a Fall Orientation Session for all incoming students which will provide you with an opportunity to meet other incoming students, some advanced students, and some faculty.
Registration can begin when your unique name is established through Wolverine Access at the following link http://wolverineaccess.umich.edu. Your advisor will be available for consultation before and during the registration period. He or she can also be reached via e-mail for any additional questions.
OVERVIEW OF THE CLINICAL AREA
Since 1948, the Clinical Psychology Doctoral Program at the University of Michigan has been integral to the mission of the Psychology Department and the University. In the last sixty five years, more than 500 individuals have received doctorates in clinical psychology from our program. As currently designed, the program requires students to complete at least four years of graduate study. Virtually all graduates spend at least four and usually five or six years as full-time students in residence.
The program in Clinical Science at the University of Michigan is committed to training clinical psychologists who will pursue careers that advance translational knowledge for the promotion of wellbeing and the reduction of mental illness. The program views clinical practice as an applied science and aspires to contribute to the foundation of evidence that guides ethical and effective psychological services. These commitments are expressed through three principles. First, our program emphasizes training in the conduct of empirical research concerning the etiology, assessment or intervention for individuals who suffer from psychological distress and psychopathology. Second, our program promotes training in ethical, effective, evidence-based clinical practice. Finally, our program insists that culture, context, and other domains of individual and group-based distinctiveness always merit full consideration in clinical science research, practice and training.
In expressing these principles, our program offers rigorous training in interdisciplinary research methods, statistics, clinical and research ethics, and evidence-based assessment, prevention, and treatment, developmental psychopathology, cognitive and affective neuroscience, resilience and coping, cultural and contextual analysis. Our program recognizes clinical training as a core component in the development of clinical scientists and we believe that clinical practice and service facilitates and informs clinical science. Thus, we strive to provide excellent clinical training that integrates science and practice through assessment, case conceptualization, prevention, and intervention. Our training is optimal for those who desire careers as clinical scientists and academicians.
Strengths and research areas of our program faculty currently include cognitive and affective neuroscience, behavioral endocrinology, developmental psychopathology, risk and resilience, violence and trauma, and cross-cultural investigations of clinical problems and these approaches span traditional diagnoses including addictive, affective, psychotic, anxiety, traumatic, and disruptive behavior. We encourage the multi-level integration of biological, psychological, familial, community, and developmental approaches. Several faculty members’ interests overlap with more than one of these domains. As a result, our program recognizes these intellectual priorities as one means for organizing our collective activities (and, indeed, for determining how best to allocate our attention and resources toward our stated training goals). Given the interdisciplinary nature of research in the clinical area, our intellectual priorities also fuel ready and enduring collaborations with other faculty and researchers both in the Department of Psychology and beyond. Indeed, the University of Michigan is justifiably proud of, and nationally recognized for, its commitment to inter- and cross-disciplinary collaborations. For our program faculty, this includes relatively permeable boundaries with other departmental areas (e.g., cognitive psychology, developmental psychology), other departments (e.g., Psychiatry, American Culture) and other campus institutes and centers (e.g., the Depression Center, Michigan Institute for Clinical and Health Research, Center for Human Growth and Development, Institute for Social Research). Despite these centrifugal pulls, what binds our activities together is our shared commitment—distinctive in the university—to studying, preventing, and treating psychopathology and producing highly trained clinical scientists who will effectively apply a variety of research methods to pressing problems in the assessment and treatment of psychopathology.
The Clinical Area is an APA-accredited clinical psychology training program with 11 core faculty (Olson, Nagata, Graham-Bermann, King, Deldin, Chang, Gone, Lopez-Duran, Gearhardt, Hyde, & Jonovich) and a number of other faculty. The “other” faculty category includes tenured/tenure track faculty with appointments outside of psychology, non-tenured adjunct faculty and non-tenured faculty appointed as clinical. About 31 students are currently enrolled in the program, most of who are on campus on an almost daily basis. Approximately 65% of these students are women, and approximately 44% are from historically under-represented ethnic minority groups.
Graduate student retention in the program is excellent. Time to Ph.D. averages about 5-6 years, with a small number of individuals finishing all requirements in four years.
There is an appointed Area Chair (Deldin) along with a Director of Clinical Training (DCT, Deldin) and Coordinator of Clinical Training (CCT, Jonovich). There is also an Admissions Committee (Lopez-Duran, is chair; two other appointed faculty members and two elected graduate students), Brown Bag Committee (Deldin), Practicum Committee (Jonovich), Newsletter Committee (Graham-Berman), Social Committee (Gearhardt) and Awards Committee (Chang). Finally, there are Departmental and Graduate School and University Resolution Officer who can be consulted regarding any and all concerns about the graduate school experience.
Prior to internship, graduate students participate in clinical practica. These vary from year to year but can include the Mary A. Rackham Institute that houses the University Center for Child and Family, and the Psychological Clinic, community programs directed by faculty members, clinics at the Department of Psychiatry, the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at the University of Michigan Medical Center, and the Ann Arbor VA Medical Center. Other practicum sites are added on an ongoing basis.
REQUIREMENTS OF THE CLINICAL AREA PROGRAM
Course Requirements for Candidacy
The following account integrates the course demands of the Rackham School of Graduate Studies, the Department of Psychology and the Clinical area.
Students have to complete by the end of their second year:
1. Two courses in statistics: Psych 613/988 and Psych 614
2. Two “cognate” graduate courses (4 credits total) outside Psychology (typically 613/988 & 614).
3. Coverage of courses in another area within Psychology (see Breadth courses below; 1 taken before candidacy)
4. Coverage of Clinical area core courses (core courses listed below)
5. Research project (Psychology 619)
6. Teaching Academy (Psychology 609)
1. The Statistics Requirement
Students are required to take the PSYCH 613/988 & 614 sequence to fulfill their statistics requirement.
2. University required Cognate Courses
Two cognate courses (graduate level courses of not fewer than two credit hours each) are required by the Graduate School for the Ph.D. degree. Cognate courses may be taken in any Rackham Department other than psychology (cross-listed courses are acceptable), and both need not be in the same field. A grade of "B" or better must be received to fulfill the cognate requirement. If the required statistics courses (613/988 & 614) are taken as cross-listed courses in Sociology, these satisfy the cognate requirement.
3. Breadth Courses
Breadth courses are courses within other areas of psychology outside of the clinical area. Although the Psychology Department requires one breadth course (taken prior to candidacy), the clinical area requires additional courses to satisfy APA and Michigan State licensing board requirements (taken before or after candidacy). Specifically, APA requires that doctoral students in clinical psychology complete formal coursework in the following areas: biological, affective, developmental, cognitive, and social foundations of behavior. Thus, we ask our students to take the necessary number of courses to cover all five domains. A number of courses in the department cover more than one domain and thus it is possible to cover all five domains by taking as little as three courses. We request that students take courses in the list provided below. In special circumstances, other courses may be approved for specific domains by the Curriculum Committee.
Note: students can take only 2 courses each semester post-candidacy during semesters they are NOT teaching. One of these courses has to be research (995), and typically the other is practica. During semester they are teaching, they can take more.
Biological aspects of behavior. Learning outcomes include knowledge of multiple biological underpinnings of behavior, including the neural, physiological, and genetic aspects of behavior and/or evolutionary theory.
Psychology 741: Basic Processes in Cognition and Cognitive Neuroscience
Psychology 758: Developmental Neuroscience of Human Behavior
Cognitive aspects of behavior. Learning outcomes include knowledge of basic cognitive functions such as learning, memory, thought processes, and decision-making.
Psychology 741: Processes in Cognition and Cognitive Neuroscience
Psychology 751: Cognitive Development
Affective aspects of behavior. Learning outcomes include knowledge of basic affective processes such as mood, motivation, and emotion regulation.
Psychology 787: Emotion and Motivation
Psychology 793: Emotional Development
Psychology 988: Self-Control and Emotion Regulation.
Social aspects of behavior. Learning outcomes include knowledge of basic social foundations of human experience including group processes, attributions, discrimination, family and peer relationships, and attitudes.
Psychology 682: Advanced Social Psychology.
Psychology 757: Social Development
Psychology 803: Community Psychology
Human Development. Learning outcomes include knowledge of transitions, growth and development across an individual’s life. Curricula limited to one developmental period is not sufficient.
Psychology 751: Cognitive Development.
Psychology 757: Social Development.
Psychology 758: Developmental Neuroscience of Human Behavior.
Psychology 793: Emotional Development
4. Required core courses in the Clinical area
- Psych 670: Research Design and Evaluation (Year 1 or 2)
- Psych 672: Introduction to Intervention and Clinical Ethics (Fall or Winter year 1)
- Psych 771: Topics in Clinical Science and Practice (taken for credit in years 1 & 2)
- Psych 775, 778: Psychological Assessment I and II (Year 1)
- Psych 776: Proseminar: Clinical Science in Historical and Cultural Contexts (Year 1 or 2)
- Psych 872, 873 Evidence-Based Laboratory and Practicum I & II ( Year 2)
- Psych 874 or 875: Theories of Adult Psychotherapy Introduction or Introduction to Child Therapy (Year 1 or Year 2)
- Psych 876: Advanced Practicum (Year 3-Year 5)
- Psych 877: Psychopathology thru the lifespan I (child and adolescent) (Year 1 or 2)
- Psych 878: Psychopathology thru the lifespan II (adult) (Year 1 or 2)
The 619 requirement (similar to a Master’s thesis elsewhere) is named for the course number for which you register while completing this research requirement during your first two years in the program. The 619 must be completed by the end of August of the second year in the program. You must have an advisor for this project approved by the Area Chair; your advisor will usually be a member of the Clinical Area Faculty, although advisors from other Department Areas or other Rackham Departments may be appropriate as well. A second faculty member functions as the “reader” of the 619. Upon completion of this project, the advisor and the reader prepare a written evaluation of the 619 that is given to the student and filed in the Clinical Area Office and the Student Academic Affairs Office. A grade is assigned as well. If the advisor is not a faculty member in the Department of Psychology, then the reader must be.
We strongly suggest that students have an advisor and to begin work on the 619 as early as possible in the fall semester of their first year. We do not encourage the switching of advisors, but in the case of unforeseen circumstances, this may be done with the consultation of the Area Chair.
In its most typical form, the 619 is an empirical research project presented in the form of a paper (i.e., 20-30 pages in APA format) ready to be submitted to a journal. The student may gather his or her own data or work on a data set already available from your advisor. In any event, the project should be of mutual interest to the student and the faculty member. One of the best ways for a beginning graduate student to learn about research is to be an “apprentice” to an experienced faculty member, and we think it most advisable for a student doing a 619 to choose a topic in which his or her advisor is expert and is conducting ongoing research.
6. Brown bag:
All students are required to attend brownbag every week. Further, each student is required to do a research presentation at brown-bag prior to candidacy, typically in the 2nd year. Further, all students in advanced practica are required to present a clinical case each year.
7. Teaching Academy
The goal of this course is to “model effective teaching strategies and pedagogy that will provide students with the basic tools to help identify successful teaching goals, to design a thoughtful syllabus and creative assignments, and to feel better prepared to handle the classroom setting. We aim to help students prepare for the challenges of being a graduate student instructor and to encourage them to appreciate the awards that accompany the role of being a teacher.”
Cohort 2015 2016
Intro to Therapy
Grad Adult Psych
Grad Adult Psych
Complete Required Course List:
Statistical Methods, I
Advanced Statistical Methods, II
Research Methods, Ethics and Evaluation
Introduction to Intervention, Supervision, Consultation and Clinical Ethics
Topics in Clinical Science and Practice
Psychological Assessment I
Proseminar: Clinical Science in Historical and Cultural Context
Psychological Assessment II
Evidence-Based Psychotherapy Laboratory and Practicum 1
Evidence-Based Psychotherapy Laboratory and Practicum 2
Theories of Adult Psychotherapy
Introduction to Child Therapy
Practicum in Clinical Psychology
Lifespan Psychopathology: Childhood and Adolescence
Adult Psychopathology (Lifespan II)
Candidacy Portfolio Requirement
When all required courses are done, typically in the spring after a student’s second year in the program, students wishing to become doctoral candidates must satisfactorily complete a Candidacy Portfolio:
1. 619 Completion (statement with date of completion)
2. Presentation at Brown Bag (statement with date of brown bag presentation)
3. Submission of first authored manuscript for publication (copy of manuscript and name of publication outlet)
4. Copy of current CV
The clinical psychology faculty is committed to ensuring high quality practicum training for both scholarly and professional reasons. We view quality clinical research and quality practicum training as transactional in nature. High quality practicum training helps to promote sophisticated clinical research and sophisticated research helps to inform clinical practice. Given that most research topics in clinical psychology require sophisticated training and direct clinical experience to adequately recruit, assess, and/or treat participants, we strive to make high quality clinical training available to our students throughout their graduate career. We offered a graduated level of training that builds upon each other:
Psych 672: Intro to Intervention and Ethics (2nd semester year 1)
Psych 775, 778: Assessment (Year 1)
Psych 872, 873: Psychotherapy Lab (Year 2)
Psych 876: Advanced Practica (Years 3+)
Annual case presentations (Years 3+)
Students are expected to take and register for a practicum every semester starting their second year while enrolled in the program prior to their 2,000-hour clinical internship. Practica are typically completed during the second through fifth years of the program. However, clinical training begins in the first year of the program with the Introduction to Intervention and Clinical Ethics course (Psych 672) and Assessment course (775,778). Each year, descriptions of available practica will be made available late in the Fall term. The Area Practicum Committee oversees the matching of student requests and practicum site openings. Students should keep detailed records of their practicum training hours each semester. (An Excel template to track hours can be obtained from Linda Anderson in 1004 East Hall). Evaluations of practicum students by supervisors and of practicum sites by students are coordinated by the Coordinator of Clinical Training. See Appendix G for more detailed Practicum Guidelines. Students who do not wish to take a practicum during every semester need approval from their faculty advisor and to petition and gain approval from the practicum committee.
To receive credit for their practicum experiences, all students must enroll in Psychology 876 during the semester of practicum work.
A NRSA or NSF predoctoral funding proposal must be submitted prior to graduating. Alternatives to a NRSA or NSF for this requirement must be approved by the core faculty. Completing grant proposals can be time intensive and we strongly suggest students begin this process in their third year of graduate school (or even earlier) based on consultation with their advisor. Meeting with the psychology grants office (email@example.com) at the beginning of this process is useful for understanding the grant application requirement and the internal submission timeline (which is typically earlier than the deadline set by the funding agency).
Following the completion of the 619, students must enroll in Psych 995 for dissertation studies. During the third year in the Program, students are encouraged to write a Dissertation Prospectus and have it approved by their Dissertation Committee. The process usually starts with the student discussing with the eventual chair of the Committee the selection of other members whose knowledge and compatibility will facilitate the completion of the dissertation. The dissertation prospectus should contain:
● a rationale for the dissertation
● a literature review
● description of research participants
● method(s) of analysis
● a bibliography
● where appropriate, appendices describing techniques, coding schemes, and so on
● tentative timetable
Early in the dissertation process, a formal meeting of the full dissertation committee should be scheduled for purposes of reviewing and approving the prospectus. This meeting will include a question and answer session, and during this meeting the committee will agree upon any changes in the design or procedure that are needed, agree upon the responsibilities of the individual committee members for advising the student about particular aspects of the dissertation, and agree upon methods and timing for distributing chapters for comments. If the proposal needs further development, subsequent meeting(s) will be scheduled. Faculty may differ regarding the degree of specificity required in the proposal. However, it is generally true that specificity at the proposal stage heads off disagreements later on.
After the committee approves the prospectus (either at the time of the meeting or after improvements have been made by the student), the Dissertation Prospectus Approval Form should be signed by the committee members and forwarded to the Area Chair, who will send it to Student Academic Affairs. If the Student Academic Affairs Chair concurs with the constitution of the Dissertation Committee, the Nomination of Dissertation Committee Form will be sent to Rackham. Approval of the Committee by Rackham completes the process.
The Area hopes that students will have formed a dissertation committee and that the committee will have approved a dissertation proposal by the end of the third year in the Program and certainly no later than the end of the fourth year. It is highly recommended that each dissertation committee include at least two Department of Psychology tenure-track faculty members (it is not necessary that any members of the dissertation committee be affiliated with the Clinical Area, but this is usually desirable for future recommendations relevant to clinical careers). Your committee should be approved by SAA office.
The regulations of the Rackham School of Graduate Studies state that all work for a degree must be completed within five years of achieving candidacy, but no more than seven years from the date of first enrollment in the doctoral program Further,
If a student does not finish within this limit but still wishes to earn a Ph.D., he or she must reapply to the program, describing reasons for the delay and plans for completion. The faculty will then make a decision about readmission. The purpose of this message is to remind you of this policy, which the Clinical Area faculty endorses and intends to follow.
Please refer to the Psychology Student Affairs Office Policies and Procedures Manual for Graduate Students for further details.
To receive a Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Michigan that also fulfills all the requirements of the clinical training program, a student is required to complete at least 2,000 hours of internship. As already stressed, it is the responsibility of the student to request that his or her Master’s degree be granted; this does not occur automatically. Students are responsible for tracking and documenting their practicum hours during the semester and must complete all required practicum evaluation and documentation records. Forms are available through the Clinical Area Office.
Before applying to internship, the students must have defended their prospectus. Students must completed all course work prior to leaving for internship. Further, we recommend that students have completed their data collection (at a minimum) or defend their dissertation prior to leaving for internship.
Graduation Portfolio Items:
All students are expected to have developed a core set of skills and knowledge prior to graduating that must be documented as follows:
1. Supervised review of a journal article (Copy of review and name of journal)
2. Supervised mentorship of a student (Brief statement indicating nature of experience)
3. Serve as GSI for PSYCH 270 or PSYCH 110 (Statement indicating semester taught and copy of teaching evaluations)
4. Complete a NRSA or NSF predoctoral grant proposal (or equivalent approved by core faculty)
5. Copy of research statement
6. Copy of teaching statement
7. Practicum hours and evaluations from every semester (Statement summarizing practicum hours and copies of evaluations)
8. Completion of full time internship and evaluations (Statement of internship completion and copies of evaluation)
9. Pass required courses (Copy of transcript)
10. Complete dissertation (Copy of dissertation completion form)
Student Progress Timetable
The Clinical Area expects students to progress through the Program as outlined in this manual. If extenuating circumstances prevent progress at the required rate, the student should contact the Area Chair ASAP.
Graduate study can normally be completed in five years. Students encountering unusual but necessary delays must finish within seven years. The Rackham seven-year limit will be waived by the Clinical Area only in exceptional cases of extreme duress caused by factors such as unpredictable loss of income, serious illness, and so on. If a student is found to be unable to finish the Program in a reasonable amount of time (taking into account special circumstances particular to the individual student), then a counseling-out process will be initiated.
Students will be urged and reminded to observe guidelines for various degree requirements. Students will periodically be sent letters or electronic mail messages reminding them of tasks completed and time remaining in the program. However, students are expected to monitor and control their own progress. Students who fall a year or more behind the recommended schedule will be asked to discuss their status with the Area Chair.
In May, all students in the program are reviewed annually by the Clinical Area Faculty. A written evaluation will be sent to you and placed in your files. Please note: You will be asked to provide written information about your progress and achievements during the past academic year; it is imperative that you provide this information in a timely fashion when it is requested.
A note on course exemptions
Although it is not easy to directly transfer credit for courses from another program to this program, it is possible to exempt some required courses based on graduate-level work taken elsewhere. Among the Clinical Area's guidelines for considering requests for exemption of courses are the following:
1. Any course taken over 5 years prior to the exemption request will require extra attention for comparability.
2. Any exemption request involving a graduate course from another university to be substituted for a University of Michigan Departmental (but not uniquely an Area) requirement, e.g., outside cores, has to be approved by the instructor of the corresponding University of Michigan course. If the instructor agrees to the exemption, and the Student Academic Affairs Chair concurs, the Clinical Area will consider the requirement to have been met.
3. Exemptions involving requirements of the Clinical Area (theory, research, intervention sequences) may not exceed 50% of the required courses. Requests for these exemptions should be directed to the Clinical Area Chair. With respect to the assessment sequence, all students must take at least one assessment course plus lab.
Students in the joint program in Social Work and Psychology
Students admitted to the joint program in SW/Psychology must take required courses in both disciplines. Therefore they will have reduced course loads in clinical Psychology. If you are a joint program student please contact your chair in the Social Work program for a current list of required courses.
All states have licensing regulations for psychologists. Unfortunately, at this time these regulations are not uniform from state to state, although many of them closely parallel the requirements of the American Psychological Association. Thus, if you have plans, even tentatively, to move to a certain state after graduation, you should investigate the current licensing regulations for that state relatively early in your graduate student career. The licensing regulations should help inform your course selection as a graduate student. Pay attention to both the content of required courses as well as the number of required credit hours attached to those courses. (For example, a state licensing board may require 3 credits of courses related to “Biological Basis of Behavior” rather than just 1 course).
It is very important that you keep copies of syllabi from all of your courses. Licensing (and other professional boards) may require these as part of their review process. Do not rely on the Clinical Area office to retain all course syllabi. Sometimes, other states will allow a student from our program to take a course or two post-doctorally in order to meet that state's requirements if they differ from those of Michigan. However, this may also be difficult for students to do. In any case, it is much easier to take the right courses while you are in graduate school.
The University of Michigan Clinical Psychology program is designed to meet all APA regulations and to qualify a graduate for licensure in the State of Michigan. The Area is attentive to changes in the licensing rules and laws, and will try to keep you informed of these. Nonetheless, it is your responsibility to keep abreast of the current licensing regulations. The following paragraphs pertain to current licensing rules in the State of Michigan, as they affect our students. Please note: Michigan Licensing laws can and do change, so this information is not intended to be definitive.
For current Psychology Licensure Instructions please refer to www.michigan.gov/healthlicense
Students should obtain a Michigan Master’s Educational (Temporary) Limited License for Post-Master’s Degree (TLLP) after requirements for this license are met. This is important to do as soon as possible because most practicum sites and agencies require students to obtain their TLLP prior to engaging in individual services with patients. In addition, insurance regulations can require a therapist to obtain a TLLP in order for services to be billable.
The requirements for the TLLP are as follows:
1. Applicants must have a Master's degree that includes at least one course in assessment, one course in treatment, and one course in scientific and professional ethics and standards.
2. They must also have participated in a practicum or practica that total at least 500 hours of psychological work supervised by a licensed psychologist.
3. Applicants must meet with a supervisor who is a fully-licensed psychologist for at least 8 hours a month during the practicum.
Once granted, a Temporary Limited License (TLLP) is valid for two years and is not renewable. However, a student can submit a letter to the Board, requesting to have the TLLP reissued for 2 more years. This requires an additional payment of the fee but does not require another full application packet. Students should apply for the TLLP again, rather than the Master’s Limited License, because the Master’s Limited License is meant for individuals planning a terminal Master's degree. (See Appendix G)
The next point at which you will have to be attentive to licensure requirements is post-doctorally. Once you have your Ph.D., and completed at least a 2,000-hour internship, you may apply for a Doctoral Educational Limited License. Some of the requirements for this license deserve your attention during graduate school. First, there are course requirements, which are usually met by the requirements of the Clinical Area. These course requirements are part of the rules, as opposed to the law, and, thus, subject to change. It is unlikely, however, that the rules would change without a transition period or provision for students who had taken courses under the previous rules. Current Doctoral Educational Limited License requirements include the following:
● 75% of hours required for degree were primarily psychological in content (dissertation and internship excluded).
● A course in assessment (training in the use of techniques to evaluate intelligence and/or personality).
● A course in treatment (the application of psychological techniques to correct or resolve mental or emotional problems).
● Degree was an integrated, organized sequence of study that included instruction in research design and methodology, statistics, psychometrics, and scientific and professional ethics and standards.
● Degree included at least one graduate course, taken for credit, from the following areas:
1. Biological Bases of Behavior: physiological psychology, comparative psychology, neuropsychology, sensation and perception, and psychopharmacology.
2. Social Bases of Behavior: social psychology, group processes, and organizational, and systems theory.
3. Cognitive & Affective Bases of Behavior: learning, thinking, motivation, and emotion.
4. Individual Differences: personality theory, human development, and abnormal psychology.
The Doctoral Educational Limited License also requires a 2,000-hour internship in which the applicant is required to work at least 20 hours per week in the internship program. Duties performed include assessment (testing), evaluation, and treatment in an organized health care setting. Interns must be supervised by a Fully Licensed psychologist individually and in person for at least 8 hours per month. In most cases, the Doctoral Educational Limited License should be obtained shortly after graduation. Once your Doctoral Educational Limited License is obtained, you will be eligible to take the licensing exam (EPPP). Taking the exam early will avoid delays in obtaining the Full License when one is finally eligible. Doctoral Educational Limited License is renewed on a yearly basis and may be renewed a total of 5 times.
For students interested in obtaining the Full License, this requires 2,000 hours of postdoctoral experience completed in no more than 2 consecutive years in an "organized health care setting." You are required to work at least 16 hours a week and no more than 40 hours per week while accumulating the 2,000 hours of experience. Again, the applicant must meet individually and in person on a weekly basis with a fully licensed psychologist for supervision at least 4 hours per month. Please note: you must obtain your Doctoral Educational Limited License prior to beginning your post-doctoral degree experience in Michigan. Reminder: the full Licensure requirements differ significantly by state and students are responsible for reviewing the licensure requirements for states where they may reside after graduation.
In all of the contacts with the Licensing Board, you should plan ahead. While some of the personnel can be helpful in providing information, few can provide definitive and rapid decisions on your applications. Each of you would be well advised to obtain copies of your state's licensing requirements and correspond with your Board regularly, documenting and obtaining the Board's approval for programs of study and clinical experience.
The following Psychologist licensure site http://www.psychologist-license.com is designed with the idea of simplifying and expediting the search for licensure requirements in each state by directing students to the appropriate locations on a state’s licensing or regulatory board website. Students can efficiently find license application materials, education requirements, supervision requirements, professional organizations and additional state specific requirements. Students will also find the most recent psychology student news as well as happenings in psychology from across the county.
Many times students feel uncertain about their performance in the Clinical Area program. Do not unnecessarily increase your stress – talk to your advisor or the Clinical Area Chair (CAC). The CAC has weekly walk in office hours to discuss any concerns you may have. The vast majority of students accepted into the Clinical Area complete their training and take an appropriate doctoral-level position. Of the few who do not complete PhDs, many choose to leave the Clinical Area and transfer to another Area or to leave the Department entirely. Only a very few students fail to meet the expectations/requirements of the Area. If a student does have either academic problems and/or personal problems exacerbated by or interfering significantly with clinical practice, his/her situation is thoroughly evaluated by the student's advisor, the Area Chair, and the Records and Evaluations Chair. All aspects of the evaluation and recommendations are discussed fully with the student.
If a student should feel dissatisfied with an Area action (by an instructor, advisor, and so on), the student may first proceed via the Area grievance policy. For the Clinical Area, this consists of presenting the problem to the Area Chair. If the response is not satisfactory, students may avail themselves of a meeting with the Departmental Graduate Committee. If further discussion is necessary, the student may pursue the formal steps of Rackham's grievance process. There are Departmental and University Ombudspersons to aid the student in resolving disagreements or complaints.
Students are reminded by faculty advisors to observe guidelines for various degree requirements outlined in the Procedures Manual. Students are periodically sent letters or electronic mail messages reminding them of tasks completed and time remaining in the program. However, students are expected to monitor and control their own progress. Late every winter semester (usually in May), students provide written information about their progress and achievements during the past academic year and send it to their faculty advisor). Practicum evaluations also are obtained . This information is used in the annual review and evaluation by the Clinical Area faculty of all current students. A written summary evaluation is sent and placed in the student’s file. This evaluation describes what the student has accomplished during the year, any problem areas, such as incomplete courses or lack of progress in meeting research or clinical requirements, and suggests corrective actions, if appropriate, and invites correction and commentary as well as discussion with the area chair.
If a student is identified as requiring remediation in any of the core competencies of the program, a remediation plan will be enacted. The student, their primary advisor, and possibly additional faculty or supervisors will meet to develop a remediation approach. The initial meeting a) describes the student’s problems in the competency areas, b) outlines prior communication with the student about these issues, and c) identifies prior steps taken by the student and faculty to rectify the problem. A competency remediation plan is developed that includes a) expectations for acceptable performance, b) student and faculty action points, c) timeframe for improvements, d) methods of assessing progress, e) dates for future evaluation, and f) consequences for unsuccessful remediation. The student is able to include comments regarding whether they agree or disagree with the remediation plan and both the student and primary advisor sign the document to confirm they have reviewed this information. Follow-up meeting(s) are held to review the student’s progress in meeting the expectations for acceptable performance. If the competency concern pertains to clinical practice, the student’s clinical supervisor and the Director of Clinical Training will also attend the meeting. Additional competencies that pertain to competent clinical practice will also be reviewed as part of the remediation plan.
If the student disagrees with the competency remediation plan, students may avail themselves of a meeting with the Departmental Graduate Committee. If further discussion is necessary, the student may pursue the formal steps of Rackham's grievance process. There are Departmental and University Ombudspersons to aid the student in resolving disagreements or complaints.
Students who fall a year or more behind the recommended schedule are asked to discuss their status with the Clinical Area Chair. If a student has academic and/or personal problems exacerbated by or interfering significantly with clinical practice or graduate work, his/her situation is thoroughly evaluated by the student's advisor and the clinical chair. A remediation plan (as discussed above) will be developed to assist the student in reaching acceptable benchmarks.
Students encountering unusual but necessary delays must finish within seven years. The Rackham seven-year limit will be waived by the Clinical Area only in exceptional cases of extreme distress caused by factors such as unpredictable loss of income, serious illness, and so on. If a student is found to be unable to finish the program in a reasonable amount of time (taking into account special circumstances particular to the individual student), then a counseling-out process will be initiated. The Clinical Area Faculty has endorsed a statement of definitions of satisfactory and unsatisfactory progress.
Under special circumstances, a semester or academic year leave-of-absence, or period of detached study, may be considered useful, necessary, or advantageous by a student. If the student is currently in good standing in the Area, there are typically no objections to such requests. These requests, though, must be discussed with the student's advisor and the Area Chair, as should any request a student might have to work in some location outside of Ann Arbor if the time involved exceeds a period of one month. Requests must also be formally detailed in writing (as to length of time, rationale, implications for progress in program, and so on) with written communication to the student. Please note the special nature of readmission requests following leaves of absence beyond one academic year in duration. Such readmission requests are by no means automatically granted.
Students may be dismissed from the program for failure to meet the benchmarks for expected performance as outlined in their competency remediation plan. The student will be informed in writing of their termination from the program. The student may also be dismissed from the program if there is misconduct (e.g., plagiarism, abuse of confidentiality) as outlined in the University of Michigan Rackham Graduate School Academic and Professional Integrity Policy. If this occurs, we will follow the procedures outlined in section 11 of Rackham Graduate School Academic Policies.