Gillian Hadfield is the Richard L. and Antoinette Kirtland professor of law and professor of economics at the University of Southern California. She studies the design of legal and dispute resolution systems in advanced and developing market economies; the markets for law, lawyers and dispute resolution; contract law and theory; economic analysis of law; and regulation of legal markets and legal profession. She is the director of the USC Center for Law and Social Science. She teaches Contracts; Advanced Contracts: Strategic Analysis and Advice; and Legal Design.
Professor Hadfield joined the USC Law faculty in 2001. Her recent publications include Rules for a Flat World: Why Humans Invented Law and How to Reinvent It for a Complex Global Economy (Oxford University Press 2016); “How to Regulate Legal Services to Promote Access, Innovation and the Quality of Lawyering” (with Deborah Rhode) (Hastings Law Journal 2016); "The Microfoundations of the Rule of Law” (with Barry Weingast) (Annual Review of Political Science 2015); "Building Legal Order in Ancient Athens" (with Federica Carugati and Barry Weingast) (Journal of Legal Analysis 2015); "Innovating to Improve Access: Changing the Way Courts Regulate Legal Markets” (Daedalus 2014).
Professor Hadfield holds a B.A.H. from Queen’s University, a J.D. from Stanford Law School and an M.A. and Ph.D. in economics from Stanford University. She served as clerk to Chief Judge Patricia Wald on the U.S. Court of Appeals, D.C. Circuit. Prior to joining the faculty at USC, she was on the law faculty at the University of California, Berkeley, and the University of Toronto, and a member of the faculty of the Global Law School at New York University and the European School for New Institutional Economics. Professor Hadfield was the Daniel R. Fischel and Sylvia M. Neil Distinguished Visiting Professor of Law at the University of Chicago (Fall 2016), the Eli Goldston Visiting Professor (Spring 2012) and the Sidley Austin Visiting Professor (Winter 2010) at Harvard Law School, and the Justin W. D'Atri Visiting Professor of Law, Business and Society at Columbia Law School in the fall of 2008. She was a 2006-07 and 2010-11 fellow of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences and a National Fellow at the Hoover Institution in 1993. She also has held Olin Fellowships at Columbia Law School, Cornell Law School and USC and is a member of the Comparative Law and Economics Forum. She is past president of the Canadian Law and Economics Association and a former director of the American Law and Economics Association. She is a member of the American Law Institute and of the World Economic Forum’s Global Future Council on the Future of Technology, Values, and Policy and previously on the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Justice.
Stanford University, M.A. (Political Science)
University of Michigan, B.A. Honors College (Political Science)
Professor Bednar's research is on the analysis of institutions, focusing on the theoretical underpinnings of the stability of federal states. Her most recent book,The Robust Federation demonstrates how complementary institutions maintain and adjust the distribution of authority between national and state governments. This book makes two theoretical contributions to the study of federalism's design. First, it shows that distributions suggested by a constitution mean nothing if the governments have no incentive to abide by them, and intergovernmental retaliation tends to be inefficient. The book's second contribution is that while no institutional safeguard is sufficient to improve the union's prosperity, institutions work together to improve compliance with the distribution of authority, thereby boosting the union's performance.
Generally, her work seeks to answer questions such as:
- Why does the federal government take advantage of state governments?
- Why are some federations stable, despite frequent episodes of intergovernmental tension?
- Can the court effectively referee federalism disputes if it makes mistakes or is biased in favor of one government?
Professor Bednar is also interested in constitutions: specifically, the potential that constitutional design has to affect the behavior of heterogeneous populations with decentralized governmental structures.
Marion seeks to understand how institutions work and how they shape social change. The questions she asks about institutions and about mechanisms of social change are motivated by the challenges of sustainability, which she sees as a problem of collective adaptation to a complex environment. Thus she seeks to characterize the adaptive capacity of societies as shaped by their institutions. For example, she is interested in how norms and rules evolve. She is also interested in measuring the quality of deliberation in different institutional environments, so as to eventually understand how political institutions shape social learning, and how political conflict can be structured to improve social learning. A third direction of her work is to understand how technological innovation can be directed to address collective problems.
Currently, Marion is studying the evolution of environmental laws in the United States using a comprehensive dataset of all court cases over the last 40 years. Her approach combines network analysis and text analysis. The first part of the project provided evidence that laws evolve autonomously from the shifts in power in the political branches of government, a finding that runs counter to current political economy theories of law. She is now analyzing the interaction of ideas and interest groups over time in this network of decisions. Marion has recently started a project to investigate how relationships between firms in supply chains affect the ability of these firms to coordinate their search for radical innovations. In turn, she is interested in the implication of these coordination challenges for how institutions can direct technological innovation towards the decarbonization of the economy.
Marion earned a PhD in Sustainable Development at Columbia University, with specialization in economics and political science. Prior to her PhD, Marion studied Ecology at the ETH Zurich and Earth Sciences at MIT.
Carl P. Simon is Professor of Mathematics, Economics, Complex Systems and Public Policy at The University
He was the founding Director of the UM Center for the Study of Complex Systems (1999-2009) . He has served
as the Associate Director for Social Science and Policy of the Michigan Energy Institute and as Director of the U-M Science and Technology Policy Program.
His research interests center around the theory and applications of dynamical systems. He has applied dynamic modeling to the spread of AIDS (in particular the role of primary infection), staph infection, malaria and gonorrhea, to smoking initiation, the spread of crime, and the evolution of ecological and economic
His research team won the 1995 Howard M. Temin Award in Epidemiology for Scientific Excellence in the Fight against HIV/AIDS and the 2005 Kenneth Rothman Epidemiology Prize for paper of the year in Epidemiology, He
was named the U-M LS&A Distinguished Senior Lecturer for 2007 and received the U-M Distinguished Faculty Achievement Award in 2012.
David B. McMillon is a doctoral student at the University of Chicago’s Harris School of Public Policy. He was a Marjorie Lee Brown Fellow at the University of Michigan where he earned two Master’s degrees, in Applied Mathematics and Industrial & Operations Engineering. He was awarded the National Science Foundation’s Graduate Research Fellowship Honorable Mention and the Ford Fellowship in 2014. His research interests lie in the application of cutting-edge quantitative techniques and complex systems theory to contemporary issues in social policy that affect low-income groups. He constructs mathematical and agent-based models of the spread of crime, mass incarceration, and the School-to-Prison Pipeline and has published in the Public Library of Science Journal (PLOS One). These interests emerge from the combination of his mathematical training, his upbringing in inner city Saginaw, Michigan, and his conviction that systems thinking is the key to generating sustainable improvements in social and urban policy.
He hopes to consult with policy makers and practitioners to help them make optimal data-driven decisions under uncertainty that reduce crime rates, improve public education outcomes, and combat the School-to-Prison Pipeline. He also hopes to help bridge the divide between research and policy more broadly.
Daria Roithmayr teaches and writes about the dynamics of law and social systems, focusing on the way that legal regulation and social behavior evolve in response to each other. Her recent book, Reproducing Racism: How Everyday Choices Lock In White Advantage (NYU 2014), explores the self-reinforcing dynamics of persistent racial inequality. Her work is heavily interdisciplinary, drawing from economics, sociology, political theory, history and complex systems theory. She joined USC Gould in fall 2006.
Before joining USC Gould, Professor Roithmayr taught for nine years at the University of Illinois College of Law. She has been a visiting scholar at Harvard's Program for Evolutionary Dynamics. She has also been a visiting professor at the University of Michigan, the University of Minnesota, and the University of Pretoria in South Africa. Among her representative publications are the forthcoming "Should Law Keep Pace With Society? An Evolutionary Game Theory Approach" (working paper); "Evolutionary Dynamics and the Economic Analysis of Law" (Elgar Encyclopedia of Law and Economics (T. Ulen ed. 2014); and "Critical Race Theory Meets Social Science" 10 Ann. Rev. Law and Social Science 149 (2014).
Professor Roithmayr received her B.S. from UCLA, and her J.D., magna cum laude, from the Georgetown University Law Center, where she was a member of Order of the Coif and served as senior notes editor of the Georgetown Law Journal. She clerked for The Honorable Marvin J. Garbis, judge of the U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland.
David Daniels Allen Distinguished Chair of Law
Director, Program on Law and Innovation
Co-director, Energy, Environment and Land Use Program
J. B. Ruhl is an expert in environmental, natural resources and property law, and also studies the legal industry and legal technology. He was named director of Vanderbilt's Program on Law and Innovation in 2014 and serves as the Co-director of the Energy, Environment and Land Use Program. Before he joined Vanderbilt’s law faculty as the David Daniels Allen Distinguished Chair of Law in 2011, he was the Matthews & Hawkins Professor of Property at the Florida State University College of Law, where he had taught since 1999. His influential scholarly articles relating to climate change, the Endangered Species Act, ecosystems, governance, and other environmental and natural resources law issues have appeared in the California, Duke, Georgetown, Stanford and Vanderbilt law reviews, the environmental law journals at several top law schools and peer-reviewed scientific journals. His works have been selected by peers as among the best law review articles in the field of environmental law ten times from 1989 to 2016. Over the course of his career, he has been a visiting professor at Harvard Law School, George Washington University Law School, the University of Texas Law School, Vermont Law School, and Lewis and Clark College of Law. He began his academic career at the Southern Illinois University School of Law, where he taught from 1994 to 1999 and earned his Ph.D. in geography. Before entering the academy, he was a partner with Fulbright & Jaworski (now Norton Rose Fulbright) in Austin, Texas, where he also taught on the adjunct faculty of the University of Texas School of Law.
Ecosystem services policy, climate change adaptation, endangered species and wetlands protection, complex adaptive systems theory, adaptive ecosystem management, growth management, and related environmental, natural resources and land-use fields, legal industry and legal technology
Michael S Barr
Roy F. and Jean Humphrey Proffitt Professor of Law
Michael S. Barr is the Roy F. and Jean Humphrey Proffitt Professor of Law, faculty director of the U-M Center on Finance, Law, and Policy, and a professor of public policy at U-M's Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy. A member of the Law School faculty since 2001, he teaches Financial Regulation, International Finance, and Financial Derivatives, and he cofounded both the International Transactions Clinic and the Detroit Neighborhood Entrepreneurs Project of the Community and Economic Development Clinic. He is also a nonresident senior fellow at the Center for American Progress.
Professor Barr conducts large-scale empirical research regarding financial services and researches and writes about a wide range of issues in domestic and international financial regulation. His books includeFinancial Regulation: Law & Policy (Foundation Press 2016, with Howell Jackson and Margaret Tahyar), No Slack: The Financial Lives of Low-Income Americans (Brookings Press, 2012), Insufficient Funds (Russell Sage, 2009, co-edited with Rebecca Blank), and Building Inclusive Financial Systems (Brookings Press, 2007, co-edited with Anjali Kumar and Robert Litan).
Professor Barr was on leave during 2009 and 2010, serving as the U.S. Department of the Treasury's assistant secretary for financial institutions, and was a key architect of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010. Professor Barr previously served as Treasury Secretary Robert E. Rubin's special assistant, as deputy assistant secretary of the Treasury, as special adviser to President William J. Clinton, as a special adviser and counselor on the policy planning staff at the U.S. Department of State, and as a law clerk to U.S. Supreme Court Justice David H. Souter and the Hon. Pierre N. Leval, then of the Southern District of New York.
He received his JD from Yale Law School, his MPhil in international relations as a Rhodes Scholar from Magdalen College, Oxford University, and his BA, summa cum laude, with honors in history, from Yale University.
Andrew D. Martin is the Dean of the College of Literature, Science, and the Arts, and a Professor of Political Science and Statistics at the University of Michigan.
Dean Martin's expertise is in the study of judicial decisionmaking, with special emphasis on the U.S. Supreme Court and the lower federal courts. He also works extensively in the field of political methodology and applied statistics. He has published in leading social science and applied statistics journals, including the American Political Science Review, the American Journal of Political Science, Political Analysis, the Journal of Legal Studies, and Statistical Science. Dean Martin is a frequent presenter at conferences and workshops throughout the country. His research has been supported by the National Science Foundation, the MacArthur Foundation, and the National Institutes of Health, serving as principal investigator on eight grants from the National Science Foundation. Dean Martin was elected as a Fellow of the Society for Political Methodology in 2012, and received the Distinguished Faculty Award from the Alumni Board of Governors of Washington University in 2013.
Dean Martin joined the University of Michigan in 2014. As dean of LSA, he has emphasized the importance of scholarships, experiential-learning opportunities like internships and study abroad, and increased access and inclusion for all students. He has also focused attention on ensuring that LSA students graduate with the skills necessary for success in life after college, and he has made efforts to connect with students on a personal level through the use of social media and informal gatherings on campus. In addition to serving as dean, he teaches courses in judicial decision-making and political methodology at both the undergraduate and graduate levels.
Dean Martin received his A.B. from the College of William & Mary cum laude and with high Honors in Mathematics and Government in 1994, and his Ph.D. in Political Science from Washington University in 1998. He has previously served as the Charles Nagel Chair of Constitutional Law and Political Science at the Washington University School of Law, and as Vice Dean of the School of Law, Founding Director of the Center for Empirical Research in the Law, and Chair of the Department of Political Science in Arts & Sciences.
He lives with his wife and daughter in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and Sandpoint, Idaho.
Daniel Martin Katz
Professor Katz is a scientist, technologist and law professor who applies an innovative polytechnic approach to teaching law - to help create lawyers for today's challenging legal job market. Both his scholarship and teaching integrate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.
Professor Katz teaches Civil Procedure, E-Discovery, Legal Analytics and Practice & Professionalism at Chicago-Kent and spearheads new initiatives to teach law students how to leverage technology and entrepreneurship in their future legal careers. He joined Chicago-Kent in 2015 from Michigan State University College of Law, where he co-founded the ReInvent Law Laboratory, an innovative multi-disciplinary center that focused on the intersection of entrepreneurship, informatics, programming and design thinking to better understand, analyze and design the law.
Professor Katz is an external affiliated faculty at CodeX-The Stanford Center for Legal Informatics. In addition to teaching and researching, Professor Katz serves as an editor of the International Journal of Law and Information Technology (Oxford University Press) and as a member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Artificial Intelligence & Law (Springer Scientific). He serves on the Editorial Advisory Board for Law Technology News and is a member of the ABA Task Force on Big Data and the Law.
Professor Katz is actively involved in the rapidly growing legal technology industry. He is the Co-Founder & Chief Strategy Officer of LexPredict (a Legal Analytics company). He also serves as a formal and informal advisor to a large number of legal startups. In addition, he is a member of the advisory board of NextLaw Labs - a global collaborative innovation ecosystem organized with Dentons (the world's largest law firm).
Professor Katz received his Ph.D. in political science and public policy with a focus on complex adaptive systems from the University of Michigan. He graduated with a Juris Doctor cum laude from the University of Michigan Law School and simultaneously obtained a Master of Public Policy from the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy at the University of Michigan. During his graduate studies, he was a fellow in Empirical Legal Studies at the University of Michigan Law School and a National Science Foundation IGERT fellow at the University of Michigan Center for the Study of Complex Systems
Michael Bommarito is an Adjunct Professor of Law at Michigan State University and Head of Research at the ReInventLaw Laboratory. His research interests include natural language processing, machine learning, decision science, optimization, visualization, modeling, and policy, especially as applied to law and finance.
Outside of teaching, Michael founds, builds, operates, consults for, and advises businesses in legal and financial services, tech, and logistics. His experience spans technology, business, and operations, ranging from top Am Law firms and $B+ AUM investment firms to idea-stage startups, and he frequently serves in outsourced executive roles.
Michael received his M.S.E. in Financial Engineering and M.A. in Political Science (ABD Ph.D.) from the University of Michigan, where he was a National Science Foundation IGERT Fellow at the University of Michigan Center for the Study of Complex Systems.
J J Prescott
Professor of Law
Codirector, Empirical Legal Studies Center
Codirector, Program in Law and Economics
J.J. Prescott's research interests revolve around criminal law, sentencing law and reform, employment law, and the dynamics of civil litigation, particularly settlement. Much of his work is empirical in focus. Current projects include an examination of the ramifications of post-release sex offender laws, a study of the socio-economic consequences of criminal record expungement, an evaluation of the effects of prosecutorial discretion and decision-making on short- and long-term defendant outcomes, and an investigation into the nature and repercussions of partial settlements in civil litigation. In addition, Professor Prescott is the principal investigator of the U-M Online Court Project, which uses technology to help people facing warrants, fines, and minor charges resolve their disputes with the government and courts online and without the need to hire an attorney. Professor Prescott earned his JD, magna cum laude, in 2002 from Harvard Law School, where he was the treasurer (Vol. 115) and an editor of the Harvard Law Review. After clerking for the Hon. Merrick B. Garland on the U.S. Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit, he went on to earn a PhD in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 2006.
Michael A. Livermore joined the faculty as an associate professor of law in 2013. His primary teaching and research interests are in administrative law, computational analysis of legal texts, environmental law, cost-benefit analysis and regulation. He has published numerous books, chapters and articles on these topics, with a special focus on the role of interest groups and public-choice dynamics in shaping the application and methodology of cost-benefit analysis.
Prior to joining the faculty, Livermore spent five years as the founding executive director of the Institute for Policy Integrity at New York University School of Law, a think tank dedicated to improving the quality of government decision-making through advocacy and scholarship in the areas of administrative law, cost-benefit analysis and regulation. During his time there, the institute participated in dozens of regulatory proceedings on a diverse set of issues ranging from climate change to prison safety.
Livermore earned his J.D. magna cum laude from NYU Law, where he was a Furman Scholar, was elected to the Order of the Coif, and served as a managing editor of the Law Review. After law school, he spent a year as a fellow at NYU Law's Center on Environmental and Land Use Law before clerking for Judge Harry T. Edwards on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit.
Dan Rockmore, Director, and the William H. Neukom 1964 Distinguished Professor of Computational Science. Dan joined Dartmouth College in 1991, after completing his undergraduate work at Princeton University and earning his Ph.D. at Harvard University. In 1995, he was one of 15 scientists awarded a five-year Presidential Faculty Fellowship from the White House for excellence in education and research. He is a member of the external faculty at the Santa Fe Institute and since 2005, Dan has directed its Complex Systems Summer School. The Institute is the pre-eminent center in the world for research in complex systems, the discipline that brings to bear computational methods for investigations into the structure of evolutionary phenomena.
At Dartmouth, Dan holds appointments in two academic departments, Math, and Computer Science. In his deep commitment to interdisciplinary study, Dan is poised to continue and further advance the interdisciplinary nature and scope of the important work that the Neukom Institute is doing. Dan’s appointment will complete what was originally the five-year Directorship held by Professor Hany Farid, who will be taking a leave from the College to pursue his work on the forensic uses of digital technology.
Adam Badawi is a visiting professor at Northwestern Pritzker School of Law and Professor of Law at Washington University in St. Louis School of Law. His research includes both theoretical and empirical projects on shareholder litigation, the interaction of debt contracts and corporate governance, and the use text analysis to understand how legal language evolves and how it can be used to understand the legal origins of civil codes and constitutions. His scholarship has appeared in journals that include the Michigan Law Review, the Washington University Law Review, the Journal of Law and Economics, the Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, the Yale Journal on Regulation, and the Journal of Corporation Law. He has been a visiting scholar at the University of Queensland and Erasmus University. Prior to joining the Washington University faculty in 2010, Professor Badawi served as a Bigelow Fellow and Lecturer in Law at the University of Chicago Law School. He received his PhD, JD, and BA from the University of California, Berkeley. Professor Badawi practiced as a litigator in the San Francisco office of Munger, Tolles & Olson for two and a half years, and he clerked for the Hon. Michael W. McConnell of the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals.
Chris Fariss is currently an Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Michigan. Prior to beginning this appointment, he was the Jeffrey L. Hyde and Sharon D. Hyde and Political Science Board of Visitors Early Career Professor in Political Science in the Department of Political Science at Penn State University. In June 2013, Chris graduated with a Ph.D. in political science from the University of California, San Diego. He also studied at the University of North Texas, where he graduated with an M.S. in political science (2007), a B.F.A in drawing and painting (2005), and a B.A. in political science (2005).
His core research interest is in the politics of human rights, violence, and repression. He uses computational methods to understand why governments around the world choose to torture, maim, and kill individuals within their jurisdiction. Other projects cover a broad array of themes, ranging from foreign aid to American voting behavior, but share a focus on computationally intensive methods and research design. These methodological tools, essential for analyzing "big data", open up new insights into the micro-foundations of state repression.